Holocaust Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Infernal
Hellish;Diabolical
Concentration Camp
Buchenwald
Judenrein
"cleansed of Jews"
Appel: Historical Context
written:1940-1941
1933-1937
pogroms
violent DEMONSTRATIONS of anti-Semitism, including attacks on people and property
Kovner: Historical Context
Ghettoziation Period
1942
stereotype
an over-simplified often negative opinion of an individual or group
Deportation
Sending Jews to Death Camps
Auschwitz
Concentration and Extermination camp in Silesia,Poland - Largest concentration camp
Kindertransports
organized transport of Jewish Children out of Germany to satisfy
to expel from a counrty
deport
literally "fire that causes destruction; has been used to designate the destruction of six million Jews by Nazis during World War II
holocaust
Hitler's elite bodygaurd which expanded to become a seperat, peronal army with almost tottal power over anyone considered to be an enemy of the government
SS
insolent
boldly rude or disrespectful; contemptuously impertinent; insulting:
partisan
Guerrilla fighters - thousands of young Jews resisted by escaping from the ghettos into the forests. There they joined Soviet militia units or formed separate partisan units to harass the German occupiers.
Kindertransport
Referring to a rescue operation carried out primarily by British organizations for Jewish children from Greater Germany, following the Kristallnacht pogrom and the British government's allowing 10,000 children to enter Great Britain.
Crematoria
Furnaces used to cremate bodies.During the Holocaust, crematoria were installed in several camps, among them the extemination camps.


aryan


 (noun) A term for peoples speaking the language of Europe and India. In Nazi racial theory, a person of pure German "blood." The term "non-Aryan" was used to designate Jews, part-Jews and others of supposedly inferior racial stock.
Primo Levi (type of document)
Primary Source
Autobiography
root word meaning people or race
genos
tolerance
a fair, objective, and permissive attitude toward those whose opinions, practices, race, religion, nationality, etc., differ from one's own; freedom from bigotry.
segregation
the practice of separating one group of people on the basis of face religion or nationality
Judenrat
During World War II, the Germans established Jewish councils which were required to ensure that Nazi orders and regulations were implemented. They also sought to provide basic community services for ghettoized Jewish populations. Forced to implement Nazi policy, they remain a controversial and delicate subject. Jewish council chairmen had to decide whether to comply or refuse to comply with German demands to, for example, list names of Jews for deportation.
Altruism
selfless regard or concern for the well-being of others.
Mein Kampf
Adolf Hitler- ideas of Europen dominatin and blames Jews for stabbing Germany for stabbing Germany in the back in WWI
Liquidated
A Nazi eupheism for destrouing a ghetto and its inhabitants by conducting massive deportations to concentration and exteminantion camps or by mudering Jews in the outskirts of a town.
Bericha
Hebrew for "flight"; name given to those who aided Jews in their escape to Palestine after the Holocaust.
Malaria
an infectious DISEASE carried to man by the bite of a MOSQUITO


Chelm


(noun) One of the oldest Jewish communities in Poland.
in wartime, governments may allow individuals to buy only limited amounts of a scares good; a book of coupons is issued to each person or family; when the cuopons are gone, the person may legally buy no more
ration books
the anti-German nations in World War II, including Russiam England, the U.S.A., and occupied France, Holland, and Scandinavia
allies
anti semitism
discrimination against or prejudice or hostility toward Jews.
talmud
the collection of Jewish law and tradition consisting of the Mishnah and the Gemara and being either the edition produced in Palestine a.d. c400 or the larger, more important one produced in Babylonia a.d. c500.
gestapo
The German state secret police during the Nazi regime, organized in 1933 and notorious for its brutal methods and operations. It eliminated any Nazi opposition, and rounded up Jews for deportation.
Extermination camp
a Nazi facility where victims were killed on a mass industrialized scale and their bodies burned or buried in mass graves.
Ghetto
sections of towns and cities that the German occupation authorities and their allies used to concentrate, exploit, and starve regional Jewish populations.
Hirohito
The Emperor of Japan during World War II
Adolf Hitler
Leader of the Third Reich, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 - 1945. He committed suicide before the war ended.


bystander


(noun) One who is present at some event without participating in it.
information which is used to promote a cause or to injure or enhance the reputation of a group, individual, or position; may either not be factual, may "bend" the facts, may not tell the entire story...in order to suit the purposes of the author
propoganda
Jews who wished to establish a Jewish state in Palastine
zoinists
payments made by a defeated country to the victors to make amends for the losses suffered
reparations
term coined by Wilhelm Marr, an anti- Jewish Greman journalist in 1879; was used to mean "opposition to Jews"; today the term refers to prejudice against Jews.
Anti-Semitism
upstander
Those who do not simply stand by in the face of injustice, but understand that each one of us can make a difference & choose to do something about it.
Concentraition Camps
Camps establishe d by the Nazi regime, which eventually became a major instrument of terror,control,punishment, and killing performed through both deliberate means as well as attrition by hunger and/or diease.
Resisters
people who stand up to cruel or mean people. During the Holocaust they did many different things to stand up to the Nazis. Their actions included prayer, spying, battling, publishing illegal documents to spread information, reading books that were illegal, and others.
CONCENTRATION CAMP
slave camps or areas where jews were sent to be tortured
a person or group who is given the blame for the mistakes or failures of others, promoted through the use of propoganda
scapegoat
an ancient symbol in the form of a twisted cross which was adopted by the Nazi party as its logo in the 1920's
swastika
Righteous Among the Nations
Term applied to non-Jews who saved Jews from their Nazi persecutors by endangering their own lives, they are honored at Yad Vashem, the Israeli Holocaust memorial.
League of Nations
A group of countries that was formed after World War I. Their goal was to make sure that war never broke out again.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
a revolt that took place in April 1943 in the Warsaw Ghetto when the Germans attempted to deport the remaining inhabitants to Treblinka. The defense forces fought the Germans for 27 days before the ghetto was destroyed.
sabotage
deliberate descrution
unwavering
without doubt; certain
halte
(German spelling) to stop
Resistance
An underground organization composed of groups of private individuals working as an opposition force in a conquered counry to overthrow the occupying power.
Holocaust
The German sponsored, systematic persecution and killing of European Jews during World War II
rucksack
a backpack or book bag
belligerently
with readiness to fight or quarrel
skirted
to pass close to; miss narrowly
rescuer
Someone who saves something rom danger or violence
occupation
possesion of a place by forcibly capturing it or settling in it.
trousseau
possesions that a bride assembles for marriage.
anti-semitism
the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people
inevitable
unable to be avoided; sure to occer, happen, or come; unalterable
outdistanced
to outrun or have a large space between
disdainfully
Ina way that looks down on someone or something.
victim
One who is harmed or made to suffer by another
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