ancient civilizations vocabulary test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
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Priests
Pharaoh
Egyptian ruler
Pharoh
Egyptian king
pantheon
temple in rome
ally
a friendly nation
prophets
messengers for god
Artifacts
remains from past
Aztec
Wove at 14
dates of bronze age
3,000bce-1,200bce
Cro-Magnon People
closest to humans
monotheism
Belief in one god
civilization
organized group of people
Inca
Quipu to keep records
Alphabet
22 letters created by phoenicians
date civilization in egypt began
4,000bce
Egypt
ancient kingdom in north Africa
Polytheism
The belief in many gods
nomads
people with no distinct home
polytheistic
a belief in many gods
what china was good with
meatalurgy, bronze
architecture
the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect
Assyrians
traders and fierce warriors, used cavalry instead of cariots
bushido
traditional code of the Japanese samurai which stressed courage and loyalty and self-discipline and simple living
Cuneiform
earliest form of writing. system symbols. wrote on clay tablets with a stylus
Babylonians
#3: written law code (Hammurabi), social classes
Gupta
golden age of india-decimal system, medicine, and literature
middle kingdom
rebellions and corruption, trade great contact with middle east and the meditteranean island, master new technology for military
Domestication
To accustom to household life or affairs
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
Ziggurat
a rectangular tiered temple made by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
Eastern Orthodox
The Christian religion of the Byzantine Empire in the middle east that formed from Christianity's schism between the remains of the western and eastern Roman Empire. The Christian church ruled by the Byzantine emperor and the patriarchs of various historically significant Christian centers/cities.
Assyrians
-Adv. Cities -Adv. Technology
Advanced Cities- Ninevah
Advanced Technology- Siege warfare weapons
migrate
To move from one place to another
What writing did the Aryans (India) develop?
sanskrit
theosophy
any religious system claiming to have insight into the divine nature through spiritual self-development
King Assurbanipal
founded 1st library and order scries to collect cunieform tablets from all over fertile creasent
Delta
a marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river
Ezana
ruler of Axum Kingdom who converted to Christianity & made it the official religion
Radio Carbon Dating
a scientific method for determining the age of once living things by measuring the amount of carbon 14 remaining
Food, Cro-Magnon
men hunted animal meat from mammoth, women collected wild carrots, beets, onions, turnips,cabbage, fruits, berries,celery, . they also found wheat and other grains to make medicine and healing tea. Women also gathered small animals, eggs, shell fish,
society
A group of people living and working under a set of rules and traditions
guernica
la pintura de picasso que protesta la guerra civil espanola
caste system
a set of rigid social classesthat determine a persons occupation, economic potential, and position
Oral Tradition
The legends, myths and beliefs that a culture passes down from generation to generation by word or mouth .
Ganges River
A river of South Asia that flows southeast from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal.
bubonic plague
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people. It was carried by fleas that were on rats.
embalming
remove the organs and dry out a dead body in order to preserve it
how did the chinese elect their government officals
civil service exam
Oracle Bones
An animal bone or turtle shell used by the Shang kings of China to communicate with and influence the gods.
Cro-magan- description of daily life
Life was difficult More advanced culture. They were first to develop more language using speech sounds. Hunting and gathering was a daily need. Hunting was a big part of life. At times after a big hunt, there was time for celebrating and festivities....probably story telling of the hunt through drumming, dancing, chanting, playing music.
Decline of Egypt after Ramses
Invasions from the Sea people, Greeks, Romans, and the Nubians weakened Egypt no longer making it an imperial power and by 300 BCE the Egyptians no longer ruled Egypt
What is the 2nd Noble Truth?
the origins of man's suffering is his desire for things he can't have and his attachment to material objects
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