Ancient Egypt 12 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
inundation
Flooding
edict
A command.
mastabas
flat-topped tombs
sarcophagi
a stone coffin
elite
people of wealth
Desert land
Red land
Khufu
Considered Ambitious and Cruel
pharaoh
leader, king or queen
afterlife
a life after death
What empire conquered Sumer?
Bablyon
Egypt made__ to write with
ink
Osiris
the god of the dead
Step pyramid
constructed the architect/vizier Imhotep.
a stone implement
a stone tool
Narmer
first pharaoh of unified egypt
Pyramids
Huge archaeological structures built as tombs for the pharaohs
dynasty
succession of rules from same family
Scribe
an employed person-usually a man-who was in charge of keeping records
...
The pharaoh ___________ attacked Kush around 1500 BC and conquered all of Nubia north of the _______Cataract. He destroyed the Kushite palace.
Queen Hatshupsut
a queen that increced trade
Anubis
Who is the God of embalming?
government
Durring the Middle Kingdom the _________ strengthened
The country and civilization which developed south of Egypt.
Nubia
Menes
Egyptian king that united the Upper and Lower regions; established capital at Memphis; first Egyptian dynasty
Lower Egypt
located in the north, red crown
What was Hatsheput's architectural advance?
Obelisks (like billboards).
Thutmose the 3rd
Hatchepsut's nephew-took the throne after her
hieroglyphics
the ancient Egyptian system of writing that used symbols to stand for objects, ideas, or sounds
Famine
a period of serious shortage of food
Rosetta Stone
a stone (Originally found by Napoleon's army)
Embalm
to treat a dead body with preservatives to prevent it from decaying
sphinxes
imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans
pyramid
a huge building with four slopping triangleshaped sides; built as royal tombs in egypt
ATON
Single god worshiped by Akhenaton, Sun God
Chester Beatty Papyrus
Magical incantations and headaches (gas-tep ‘half-head’), anal maladies and enemas, scorpion stings.
silt
mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake
amulet
a trinket or piece of jewelry thought to be a protection against evil
regent
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
Nile River
Egyptians used this river for drinking water, farming, as a bath, for cooking and for cleaning; it also provided fish and supported plants and animals; it is the world's longest river
Ba
the bird soul that travels to the family
Old Kingdom
period in Egyptian history from 2700 BC until 2200 BC
Between 1700 and 1500 Egypt was being conquered by whom?
Hyksos
king tut
the most famous pharaoh because his tomb was never robbed
Cleopatra
Queen of Egypt, fought over power with her brother. Julius Caesar helped her defeat her brother, died from a snake bite.
surpass
be or do something to a greater degree
ka
life force, all aliveness in you, one of the three essential elements of humans
henna
plant dye used by ancient Egyptians to color their fingernails (yellow or orange) and hair.
desertification
the processes by which an area becomes a desert
Giza
the capital city of Upper Egypt; the location of the Great Pyramid
papyrus
a type of paper made from reeds and used by the ancient Egyptians for writing and keeping records
pyrmaids
a place where they put mummies so when the sand storms came the mummies were not blown away
hathor
the cow or the lovely lady - She represents dancing, music, joy, and love. She was shown as a cow to represent motherly love.
canopic jars
ars that the organs of dead people were placed in. Specifically it was the lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines
Trade network
a system of people in different lands who trade goods back and forth
scroll
a document that can be rolled up (as for storage)
Take out inner organs and store them
2nd step of mummification
Black Land
the east side of the Nile River, which gets its name from the black silt covering the land from floods
combination of (1, 2, 3) things built a city
administration, irrigation, worship
Osiris: God,Tamer of land/farming, 1st pharaoh
-thought to be 1st pharaoh
-tought early egyptians to farm
-chief of underworld
What happened to Egypt during the Third Intermediate Period?
Fracturing Kingship

Priests of Amun in Thebes became very powerful

International prestige starts to diminish; tributes from other areas starts to decline

Civil strife made Egypt look weak
Egyptians invented a calendar based on what three stages of the flooding cycle.
Akhet (flood time), Peret (Sowing Time), Shemu (Harvest Time)
The entrance was sealed off with enormous blocks.
What happened to the Grand Gallery after the King was buried?
How did the person get into the underworld?
To get into the underworld Osiris would wait to judge the souls of the dead. Then the god Anubus weighed each person's heart against Ma' at's feather of truth. If the heart weighed the same or less the person was allowed into the underworld. If not the person had to stay.
/ 63
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online