Ancient Egypt 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sarcophagi
mastabas
flat-topped tombs
HATSHEPSUT
woman king
hieroglyphics
ancient egyption writing
independence
to be free
700
Hiero...had over ________symbols
Lower Egypt
northern ancient Egypt
Horus
god of the sky
obelisk
a tall four-sided piller
Tutmose
Hapshepsut took __________ thrown
Osiris
Chief god of the underworld.
The falcon headed sky god
Horus
Narmer
First pharaoh of unified Egypt.
Imhotep
Egyptian architect, astrologer, and physician designed funeral complex for Saqqara
Etesian Winds
Winds on the Nile
Trade Routes
paths followed by traders
Sphinx
Massive monument constructed with a body of a lion
Pyramid of Giza was built by
Khufu
Status
a state at a particular time
pyramid
four-sided stone building shaped like a triangle and used as a tomb
hyksos
mighty warriors-ruled egypt for about 120 years
Government
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
Hieroglphics
writing system in which pictorial symbols stand for words or sounds
Howard Carter
Archaeologist that discovered King Tut's tomb in November of 1922; we read a story in class about the curse that some people believe this man suffered from entering Tut's tomb
scribes
a person whose profession was writing down or copying letters, contracts, and other documents
Kushite
A person from the kingdom of Kush.
In the Middle Kingdom, a ___________ carried out the King's decree and ran the government.
vizier
The Nile is the world's...
longest flowing river.
acquire
to get; for example, traders got incense and myrrh in Punt to trade for gold, ivory, slaves and stone from Nubia
Tutankhamen
Pharaoh whose tomb was discovered by Howard Cater in 1922
pharaoh
the title of king in ancient Egypt
ka
ancient egyptians believe they had a soul, which they called the ka. the ka was released from the body at death. from then on teh ka did not stay peacefully in one place. in order for it to rest in the body at night, the body had to be perserved, or mumified.
Cataract
spot of rapid waters in a river
transport
To move from one place to another
delta
triangle shaped land formed by river deposits
What is a Ziggurat?
A place of worship
autopsy
an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease
papyrus
long, thin reed used by Egyptians to make paper
Nile River
River that ancient Egypt was based on
Unification
The joining of seperate parts, such as kingdoms, into one.
rosetta stone
a stone with three diffeent languages on it which included greek, hebrew and hierogliphics
crook and flail
the symbols for leadership and royalty, one to protect and the other to punish(A curved stick and whip)
rock-cut temple
from middle kingdom going to new kingdom and its a burial tomb and temple built into the mountin with a body deep in the mountin
Akhenaton
pharaoh who, during his reign, had a greed for power so great that he changed the religion of the Egyptians to take power of the preists
cataracts
a series of rocky rapids which were used to protect the kingdom from the Nile River
mummy
a body that has been embalmed and wrapped in linen
who was Akhenaten
he changed Egypt's religion to monotheism
Fertile
capable of producing / soil that can grow crops
When does Alexandria become a Christian center?
By 200 AD
Egypt began to expand its territory beyond the Nile Valley under the rule of ____________________.
King Mentuhotep II
Tutmosis the 3ed
Said to be the most famous pharaoh
Ahmose drove the Hyksos out of Egypt during this kingdom
middle kingdom
Sea Peoples
They may have been related to the Philistines. By 1200-1100 BCE they had moved into Egypt. This began the decline of Egyptian civilization and culture.
Great Sphinx
A very big statue-like thingy with a pharaoh's head on top of a lion's body
what is expedition?
a journey taken for a specific purpose
Thutmose III
He ruled the Egyptian Empire & got it at it's largest size & at it's wealthiest.
Queen Shanakhdakheto
First woman ruler of Kush from 170 BC to 150 BC
Who stood watch at the front of the boat?
The captain.
king tut
got married at 9 years old and died at 19/20
The Great Pyramid of Khufu
the tallest building in the world untill the Eiffel Tower
Achievements of Thutmose III
He was a great conqueror, but he was also an educated man who loved to study plants and unlike most rulers of his time, he treated defeated peoples with mercy. However, his achievement was the he led his army in wars against Syria and Phoenicia, in Southwest Asia. Egyptian troops advanced as far east as the Euphrates River and south into Nubia.
what purpose did the pyramids serve?
they were tombs for the pharaoh, they were often much better than the palaces
The Nile would have a gentle flood every...
Spring from the heavy rains and melting snows.
Two and half tons or size of two medium size cars. Some can weigh up to 15 tons or 5 elephants
What is the average weight of one Pyramid's stone block?
covenant
binding agreement
tribute
forced payments
artisans
skilled craft workers
gods or goddesses
deities
rural
relating to the countryside
Amenhotep
Pharaoh of Egypt. Introduced polytheism to Egypt, he wanted people to only worship the god Aton.
Upper and Lower Egypt.
Menes united-?
pharoh
a ruler of ancient Egypt
Vizier
a high-ranking government official who advised the pharaoh
amulets
Small objects that Egyptians thought would give them power or protect them
vedas
collection of prayers, hymns, and other religous teachings
irrigation
system of supplying crops with water
Auguste Mariette
Frenchman from 1850. Founder of Antiquities Service and Cairo Museum
Khufu
Egyptian pharaoh who built the great pyramid in 2551 B.C. to 2528 B.C. some people he was rude,some people said he was friendly.
Ma'at
Goddess of truth, justice and harmony. She was associated with the balance of things on earth.
longitude
distance east or west of prime meridian
Afterlife
The belief in a life after death.
Black Land
the rich, fertile black-soiled land next to the Nile
shadouf
A bucket-lifter that scooped water and poured it into the fields
Egypt
located in the northeast coast of Africa
Ahmose I
founder of 18th dynasty: 1550-1526 BCE
-reconquered lower Egypt and expelled the Hyksos and followed them to Palestine where he defeated them
-led campaign to solidify Nubia to keep out possible invasion.
-conquered territory stretching from Syria-Palestine in the North, to the 2nd Cataract in Nubia in the South
-honored god Amun for the many victories won
Pietro della Valle
collected coptic manuscripts to not kill himself when his love was unrequitted, 17th century
Silt
bits of fertile rock and soil left behind when a river floods
predict
To declare or tel in advance, to foretell
hieroglyphs
A kind of picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas or things and others stand for sound
winter monsson
from northeast, dry hot air, withers crops
Step Pyramid
Located in Saqqara, Made entirely of stone, twenty stories high. Secret pathways, chamber, traps. First pyramid, several layers of stone, built during dynasty 3.
mummification
The process of preserving a corpse by removing the moisture from it before burial.
West of Nile, Largest desert in the world
Sahara
Zoser
had the first pyramid built called the Step Pyramid
Upper Egypt
The area in southern Egypt located on the upper part of the Nile River.
Amon-Re
The king of gods and patron saint of Thebes
shadoof
used to lift water from the river for irrigation (still used)
Nile Valley
a valley around the Nile in Lower Egypt that was rich with vegetation
specialization of labor
individuals became experts at one type of job (instead of doing all tasks necessary for survival)
Giovanni Belzoni
ex italian who worked for Brits as an Indian jones type figure, 1850's
What is the giver and taker of life?
The Nile River
Pharaoh Senusret I
a patron of the arts who ruled during the middle kingdom period and built the White Chapel at Karnak
WHERE IS THE NILE'S ORIGINAL SOURCE AND WHERE DOES IT FLOW TO?
Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean
WHAT WAS THE ADVANTAGE FOR THE EGYPTIANS about the Inundation?
they knew when the flood was
WHAT IS THE DESERT TO THE EAST AND WEST OF THE NILE CALLED
eastern desert and western desert
They both grew near a river valley .
Name one way Ancient Egypt is similar to Ancient China
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