Ancient Egypt A to Z Flashcards

Terms Definitions
asdas
dasdasd
Sarcophagus
Stone coffin.
Hathor
goddess of love
Cataract
rock filled rapids
Deity
gods or goddess
Afterlife
life after death
diverge
move or draw apart
pharaoh
ruler of Ancient Egypt
AMENHOTEP III
Colossi of Memnon
dynasty
a family of rulers
Nile river
most important geographical feature
Engineering
The application of scientific knowledge for very practical purposes.
silt
fine soil on river bottoms
papyrus
reed that grows along the riverbank
Egypt Social Pyramid
Pharaoh--------> pharoah's family, viziers, highest officials, priests______> average officials--------> craftsmen----------> farmers, labourers, peasants
Who was King Hammurabi?
The Babylonian king.
Cartouche
A inscription in hieroglyphs on information on the pharaoh
Bastet
A goddess of Ancient Egyptian religion.Worshipped until the 2ed dynasty
Sphinx
Massive monument constructed with the body of a lion with he head of a pharaoh.
Giza
The building of Egypt's largest pyramid began in Giza. It was called the Great Pyramid and was built for the pharaoh, King Khufu.
conformality
(in a map) conserving angular relationships
Hieroglyphics
writing system in which pictorial symbols stand for words or sounds
hieroglyphic
designating or pertaining to a pictographic script, particularly that of the ancient Egyptians, in which many of the symbols are conventionalized, recognizable pictures of the things represented.
Thutmose III
Hatshepsut's stepson that was a warlike ruler,led armies into Nubia and led many victorious invasions into Palestine and Syria
inundation
Yearly flooding also to the Egyptians as one of the seasons
Khufu
Built the Great Pyramid of Giza, largest in the world.
delta
a triangular-shaped area at the mouth of some rivers
honey bee
what inscet did the egyptions domesticate
Who is 4th on the social pyramid?
peasants/servants
Rosetta Stone
Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to deciphering of hieroglyphics.
Akenaten
Pharaoh who attempted to create the worlds first monotheistic religion
artisans
skilled workers who make goods by hand
9
What age did King Tut become King?
Howard Carter
discovered King Tut's Tomb in 1922
time
this was taxed when farmers couldn't farm
economy
the way people manage money and resources
Ahmose
Led an uprising that drove the Hyksos out of Egypt after their 120 year reign.
new kingdom
the period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
Book of the Dead
Egyptian guidebook to the afterlife
mummy
a body embalmed and dried and wrapped for burial (as in ancient Egypt)
predict
To tell ahead of time what will happen.
King Menes/Narmer
Menes: by egyptian legend, ruler who may have united the Two Lands of Egypt. Narmer: some experts think united the two lands.
Ramses the Great
kingdom greatest ruler known for monument built for him faught Hittes, accomplish great things good warrior and duilder
king tutankhamen
treasures taught us alot about egypts berial practices
Medes Achievements
armies invaded lower egypt and took over, unified them and married a lower egyptian queen, wore both a white crown to symbolize over his rule of upper egypt and a red one for lower egypt. built a new capital city Memphis.
mummification
embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy
clay, papyrus
Egyptians 1st wrote on _________ and then developed _______
Kerma
A capitol of the ancient kingdom of Kush; located on the Nile River in Sudan
Upper Nubia
the region of ancient Nubia between the second and sixth Nile cataracts
At this city is located the Great Pyramid built by Pharaoh Khufu.
Giza
natron
a chemical used to embalm the body and preserve it
Embalming
the process of treating a dead body to protect it from decaying
What does it mean to be omnipresent?
everywhere at once
Sources of the Nile River
Blue Nile and White Nile
horus
the son of osiris and isis. he is represented as a falcon and sometimes wears a double crown. the paraoh is identified with him.
pharoah
king of Egypt, thought to be a living god
Nemes
Head dress worn by men. Achieved by folding back fabric.
fresco secco (dry fresco)
A variant technique of fresco painting in which the paint is applied to dry plaster; this is often combined with buon fresco, or "true" fresco painting.
Middle Kingdom
2050 BC. - 1800 BC.: A new dynasty reunited Egypt. Moved the capital to Thebes. Built irrigation projects and canal between NIle and Red Sea so Egytian ships could trade along coasts of Arabian Penninsula and East Africa. Expanded Egyptian territory:Nubia, Syria.
Lower Egypt
The area of Egypt located in the north by the delta.
Valley of the Kings
an ancient burial place near the Nile River in Upper Egypt - many egyptian pharaohs were buried here, including Tutankhamen
Who signed the Treaty of Brotherhood?
Egypt (Ramses II) and Hittites (Hittite King)
How did the Egyptians demonstrate their belief in life after death?
They preserved the bodies of their dead
What were Egyptian Temples?
They were beleived to be homes of the gods that people visited to worship, offer gifts, and ask for favors. Most temples had stone sphinxes and other statues, obelisks, painted walls and columns that had heiroglyphics.
What was a result of the time and effort that Ancient Egyptians put into the mummification process?
They were very advanced medically.
from what ailment did king tut die from? what disabeleates did he have when he was alive?
he died from malaria and bone had disorders from his parents being related so he had to walk with canes
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