Ancient Egypt A to Z Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Stone coffin.
goddess of love
rock filled rapids
gods or goddess
life after death
move or draw apart
ruler of Ancient Egypt
Colossi of Memnon
a family of rulers
Nile river
most important geographical feature
The application of scientific knowledge for very practical purposes.
fine soil on river bottoms
reed that grows along the riverbank
Egypt Social Pyramid
Pharaoh--------> pharoah's family, viziers, highest officials, priests______> average officials--------> craftsmen----------> farmers, labourers, peasants
Who was King Hammurabi?
The Babylonian king.
A inscription in hieroglyphs on information on the pharaoh
A goddess of Ancient Egyptian religion.Worshipped until the 2ed dynasty
Massive monument constructed with the body of a lion with he head of a pharaoh.
The building of Egypt's largest pyramid began in Giza. It was called the Great Pyramid and was built for the pharaoh, King Khufu.
(in a map) conserving angular relationships
writing system in which pictorial symbols stand for words or sounds
designating or pertaining to a pictographic script, particularly that of the ancient Egyptians, in which many of the symbols are conventionalized, recognizable pictures of the things represented.
Thutmose III
Hatshepsut's stepson that was a warlike ruler,led armies into Nubia and led many victorious invasions into Palestine and Syria
Yearly flooding also to the Egyptians as one of the seasons
Built the Great Pyramid of Giza, largest in the world.
a triangular-shaped area at the mouth of some rivers
honey bee
what inscet did the egyptions domesticate
Who is 4th on the social pyramid?
Rosetta Stone
Stone that contained carved messages in hieroglyphics, Greek and demotic. Led to deciphering of hieroglyphics.
Pharaoh who attempted to create the worlds first monotheistic religion
skilled workers who make goods by hand
What age did King Tut become King?
Howard Carter
discovered King Tut's Tomb in 1922
this was taxed when farmers couldn't farm
the way people manage money and resources
Led an uprising that drove the Hyksos out of Egypt after their 120 year reign.
new kingdom
the period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
Book of the Dead
Egyptian guidebook to the afterlife
a body embalmed and dried and wrapped for burial (as in ancient Egypt)
To tell ahead of time what will happen.
King Menes/Narmer
Menes: by egyptian legend, ruler who may have united the Two Lands of Egypt. Narmer: some experts think united the two lands.
Ramses the Great
kingdom greatest ruler known for monument built for him faught Hittes, accomplish great things good warrior and duilder
king tutankhamen
treasures taught us alot about egypts berial practices
Medes Achievements
armies invaded lower egypt and took over, unified them and married a lower egyptian queen, wore both a white crown to symbolize over his rule of upper egypt and a red one for lower egypt. built a new capital city Memphis.
embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy
clay, papyrus
Egyptians 1st wrote on _________ and then developed _______
A capitol of the ancient kingdom of Kush; located on the Nile River in Sudan
Upper Nubia
the region of ancient Nubia between the second and sixth Nile cataracts
At this city is located the Great Pyramid built by Pharaoh Khufu.
a chemical used to embalm the body and preserve it
the process of treating a dead body to protect it from decaying
What does it mean to be omnipresent?
everywhere at once
Sources of the Nile River
Blue Nile and White Nile
the son of osiris and isis. he is represented as a falcon and sometimes wears a double crown. the paraoh is identified with him.
king of Egypt, thought to be a living god
Head dress worn by men. Achieved by folding back fabric.
fresco secco (dry fresco)
A variant technique of fresco painting in which the paint is applied to dry plaster; this is often combined with buon fresco, or "true" fresco painting.
Middle Kingdom
2050 BC. - 1800 BC.: A new dynasty reunited Egypt. Moved the capital to Thebes. Built irrigation projects and canal between NIle and Red Sea so Egytian ships could trade along coasts of Arabian Penninsula and East Africa. Expanded Egyptian territory:Nubia, Syria.
Lower Egypt
The area of Egypt located in the north by the delta.
Valley of the Kings
an ancient burial place near the Nile River in Upper Egypt - many egyptian pharaohs were buried here, including Tutankhamen
Who signed the Treaty of Brotherhood?
Egypt (Ramses II) and Hittites (Hittite King)
How did the Egyptians demonstrate their belief in life after death?
They preserved the bodies of their dead
What were Egyptian Temples?
They were beleived to be homes of the gods that people visited to worship, offer gifts, and ask for favors. Most temples had stone sphinxes and other statues, obelisks, painted walls and columns that had heiroglyphics.
What was a result of the time and effort that Ancient Egyptians put into the mummification process?
They were very advanced medically.
from what ailment did king tut die from? what disabeleates did he have when he was alive?
he died from malaria and bone had disorders from his parents being related so he had to walk with canes
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