Ancient Egypt and Nubia Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Independent
free
Took 70 days.
Mummiefication.
afterlife
a life after death
...
more than 2 million stones
Huron
The god of the sky
what did all Pharaohs have
absolute power
Pyramid
stone building that housed the dead
faience
Faience or faïence is the conventional name in English for fine tin-glazed pottery on a delicate pale buff body, associated with Faenza in northern Italy.[1] The invention of a white pottery glaze suitable for painted decoration, by the addition of an oxi
hieroglyphs
a picture and symbols used for writing.
Kush
A kingdom of Nubia wich became independant after Egypt took over
Giza
area where about 80 pyramids were built including the Great Pyramid
Cartouche
an oval plaque representing the birth name of pharaohs, queens and other persons of high standing
Hatshepsut
step mother of Thutmose III; ruled Egypt as regent and then as pharaoh achieved econmic success, especially in trade
Upper Nubia
the region of ancient Nubia between the 2nd and 6th Nile catacracts
ore
a mineral mined for the production of metals.
regent
Someone who rules for a child until that child is old enough to rule.
What is the worlds longest river?
The Nile River
Menes
Legend says that this king in Circa 3150 B.C. led his army into Lower Egypt wearing the double crown
Lower Nubia
region between the first and second Cataracts of the Nile
Thutmose III
Warrior pharaoh who made Egypt an empire by extending Egyptian control into Syria
Canopic jars
were used by the ancient Egyptian during the rituals of mummification processes
Pharoah
Who was at the top of the Ancient Egypitian social class pyramid?
Manetho
A priest and advisor who began to keep records; he divided the kings into different dynasties
red land
the desert on either side of the river
Senet
an Egyptian race game and may be the ancestor of our modern backgammon
Why did the people in Lower Nubia have to live close to the river?
water supply
What are cataracts?
a large waterfal; any strong flood or rush of water
About how long is the Nile River?
more than 4000 miles
What are the three names of Kush capitals?
Kerma, Nepata, and Meroe
What grew as a result of the growth of farming communities?
trade grew
______tombs were discovered there.
62. In the Valley of the Kings. Where pharoahs were later buried.
Why did the Nubians add fish and bird to their diet?
because of shortage of farmland
Where did Egypts early farming communities settle?
The Delta and valley regions of the Nile.
weapons were stronger & they had chariots
What advantages did the Hyksos have against the Egyptians?
Where does the Nile start and end?
The Nile starts in central Africa and flows to the Mediterranean Sea
What was the most difficult decison pharaoh Tutankhamen had to make?
Whether or not to open the shrines of the ancient gods or keep them closed.
name of the area between the 2nd and 6th cataracts ?
Upper Nubia -rain does fall people farmed in summer and fall
If a pharaoh wore the double crown of both red & white what did this represent?
That the pharaoh rule the whole of Egypt (Upper & Lower)
At the mouth of the Nile River, the river split into several streams and formed a delta. What is a delta?
a plain at the mouth of a river formed when sediment is depostited by flowing water
Hathor
The goddess of love
delta
area shaped like a triangle
Did people in Upper Nubia farm?
No
Aton
Single god worshipped in religion favored by Amenhotep IV
egyptians beleived in life after death such as
afterlife
True or False: Stones were carried short distances from quarries to boats where they were transported long distances to where the pyramids were built.
True.
Dr. Zahi Hawass
Zahi Hawass (Arabic: زاهي حواس‎; born 28 May 1947) is an Egyptian archaeologist, an Egyptologist and the current Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities.[1] He has also worked at archaeological sites in the Nile Delta, the Western
Nubia
an ancient region in the Nile River Vally, on the cite of present- day southern Egypt and northern Sudan
What type of homes did the people build?
Straw
who was Egypt's supreme ruler for 15 years
Hatshepsut
Small upper class
priests, members of the pharaohs court, and nobles who held up the largest estates
The use of Irrigation canals and the calander *did not* help the Egyptians solve their problems with the Nile.
False.
Jean Francois Champollion
french scholar,first to decode the egyptian hieroglyphics
Geography of the nile
greek historing Herotus explored egypt;looked for source of nile but faild;wrote about the findingsand realized basic truth:egypt - nile = no egypt
When did settled farming communities begin to appear in Egypt and Nubia?
around 6000 bc
Peasants
Who was at the bottom of the Ancient Egyptian social class pyramid?
who was the last Macedonian to rule Egypt
Cleopatra VII
A new class system existed: Nobles and priests (priests did not__________).
pay taxes.
Amenhotep IV
Name taken by pharaoh who tried to establish a new religion
Sphinx
is usually a head of a king wearing his headdress and the body of a lion
What kind of soil does the Nile Delta have?
Mineral-rich soil
Rosetta Stone
a stone on which a passage is written in three languages which helped us understand hieroglyphics
Lord Carnarvon
Earl of Carnarvon is a title that has been created three times in British history. The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1628 in favour of Robert Dormer, 2nd Baron Dormer. For more information on this creation, which became extinct in 1709,
When were the pyramids built?
The pyramids were built during the Fourth Dynasty
How long was the nile river?
it ran for more than 4000 miles
fertile land & water supply
What were some of the benefits the Egyptians gained from the Nile River?
What protected Egypt and Nubia from foreign attacks?
The hot sands of the Sarhara desert
Who is the god of the Nile?
The god of the Nile is Hapi.
Did Egypt have land trade routes? Explain.
Yes. Ships could travel north on the Nile or across the east side of the Sarhara Desert
How many sources does the Nile River have? Name the sources.
2 and they are the highlands of presant day Ethiopia, and the swamps in the deepest parts of East Africa
4.How many sources does the Nile River have? Name the sources.
They have 2 sources which are The Blue Nile and the White Nile.
Yes
Did slaves have any rights?
Herbalism
creating medicine out of plants
silt
fine soil found on river bottoms
Papyrus
valuable crop used to make paper
archaeology
Archaeology, or archeology (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia – ἀρχαῖος, arkhaīos, "ancient"; and -λογία, -logiā, "-logy"), is the study of past human societies, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data
abolute power
complete control over someone or something
Akhaten
A pharaoh whoes original name was Amenhotep, but changed it to honor a new sungod, Aton; his new name ment '' Servant of Aton
Economy
the way people use and manage resources
embalming
Embalming, in most modern cultures, is the art and science of temporarily preserving human remains to forestall decomposition and to make them suitable for public display at a funeral.
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
cataract
A large waterfall; any strong flood or rush of water.
What river was used to transport goods?
The Nile
There are ________ cataracts (_________) along the river that made navigation ______________
6, waterfalls, & difficult.
Upper Egypt
The area north of the First Cataract
on farms
Where did most Egyptians live during the Old Kingdom
Nebuchadnezzar II
The King of New Babylonian empire from about 605 B.C. to 561 B.C.
Nile River
Longest river in the world- more than 4,000 miles in length- Fretile land border on both sides of the river- Provided Egypt with two healthy harvests a year- 1968 construction of the aswan dam, tamed the Nile River
British Museum
The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture in London. Its collections, which number more than seven million objects,[2] are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and docume
Egypt is divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. What type of soil is on each side of the Nile River in Upper and Lower Egypt?
red and black
What type of goods were traded?
Gold, Silver, and fine Pottery
Sea Routes
The Nile Valley, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea were all routes that could be used for trade.
According to the legend who was the very first pharaoh of Ancient Egypt?
Re, the sun god.
When did the planning for a pharaoh's tomb begin?
When he was crowned
What used more than 2 million blocks of granite?
The Great Pyramid of Giza.
During her coronation how did Queent Hatshepsut maintain continutiy and embrace change?
She maintained all the rituals and ceremonies of the past. The change was she was the first women pharaoh of Egypt.
name of the area between the first and 2nd cataracts ?
Lower Nubia ---rarely rained --- people lived close the Nile for water
The White and Blue Nile combine to make the Nile
The ____ ____ and _____ _____ combine to make the longest river in the world called the _____
what was the value ofthe red land to the Egyptians?
protected them from invaders --b/c it was a harsh land Egypt was rarely attacked
Why didn't the Nubians use the Nile to trade?
They didnt travel because of the cataracts.
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