Ancient Egypt and Nubia 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
independence
complete freedom
pharaoh
ruler of Egypt
Enslaved people.
Had no rights.
Even some ________ were mummified.
animals.
Khafre
Khafra (Greek, Χεφρήν; Chephren) — also Khafre — was an Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty, who had his capital at Memphis.
Was ancient egypt monotheistic or polytheistic?
polytheistic
pyramid
huge buildings with four sloping outside walls shaped like triangles
Louvre
The Musée du Louvre (French pronunciation: [myze dy luvʁ]), or officially the Grand Louvre — in English, the Louvre Museum or Great Louvre, or simply the Louvre — is one of the world's largest museums, the most visited museum in the world, and a historic
What river was used to transport goods?
Nile
Who is the god of the Nile?
Hapi
What was the red land?
A vast desert
Cataract
A rock-filled rapid of the Nile River.
excavation
Excavation is best known and most commonly used within the science of archaeology
divine
the concept of divinity, related to holiness and the supernatura
Giza
an ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid
regent
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
delta
A triangular shaped plain at the mouth of a river, formed when sediment is deposited by flowing water.
True or False: Vital organs were removed and put into special metal jars.
False. Canopic.
Khufu
An Egyptian Pharaoh for whom the Great Pramid was built in circa 2600 B.C.
2nd step to build a pyramid
Clear the ground
Meroe
a city of ancient Nubia in present-day Sudan
Khufu (Cheops)
Khufu (in Greek known as Χέοψ, Cheops, pronounced /ˈhɛɒps/; according to Manetho, Σοῦφις, Suphis) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's Old Kingdom
Which dynasty is known as the Kushite dynasty?
Dynasty 25
Who was Hatshepsut?
This pharaoh was Thutmose III's regent and she did not give up her crown until she died. She was a bold leader who made great peace and economic success in the time of the new kingdom
Egypt is divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. What type of soil is on each side of the Nile River in Upper and Lower Egypt?
Mineral-rich sediment.
Honoring the dead
The Egyptians preserved the bodies of important people as mummies, which were buried in large tombs called pyramids
New Kingdom
the latest time period of the groups of Egyptian dyansties
What kind of soil does the Nile Delta have?
silt soil
Hyksos were ruling Egypt in 1650 B.C. Nubian Kingdom of Kush became *******independant********.
To be free.
What did the Nubians trade?
They traded ebon wood, ivory,ostrich feathers,and eggs.
What type of goods were traded?
gold, silver, copper, and fine pottery
pharaohs, priests, government officials, and artisans
List the Egyptians who lived in the city.
3rd step to build a pyramid
Set the pyramid square with sides facing N, S, E, & W.
what are the three major time periods, or kingdoms, of Egypt's dynasties.
The old, middle, and new kingdom
What was the religion of the Egyptians?
Egyptians believed in many gods. The chief god was Amon-Re, the Sun god. They believed in the after life and buried their dead with items needed for the afterlife.
Why did the ancient Egyptians call their land Kemet, the black land?
Because of dark soil left by the Nile's floods
5th step to build a pyramid
Drag stones up ramps and put them in place
why is Kemet called the black land
because of the dark soil left by the Nile's floods
What are the two main sources of the Nile River?
The Blue Nile and the White Nile
Why did the people in Lower Nubia have to live close to the river?
Because it rarely rained, so they got their water from the Nile
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