Ancient Egypt and Nubia section Flashcards

Terms Definitions
hieroglyph
picture writing
mummy
a perserved body
pharaoh
king of ancient egypt
papyrus
an early form of paper
Polytheistic
Was the ancient egyptian religion polytheistic or monotheistic?
True or False: Nubians were polytheistic. Meaning believed in many gods.
True.
Pyramid
Huge, triangle shaped buildings with four sloping walls that served as tombs for the pharaohs
Lapis lazuli
Lapis lazuli (pronounced /ˈlæpɪs ˈlæzjʉlaɪ/ or /ˈlæzjʉli/ LAP-iss LAZ-ew-lye/lee[1]) (sometimes abbreviated to lapis) is a relatively rare, semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense blue color.
absolute power
complete control over someone or somethng
Mastaba
One level, flat sun baked mud tomb.
Menes
the first pharaoh, united Upper and Lower Egypt
Ahmose
Egyptian hero who defeated the Hyksos invaders
Amenhotep married a lady of non
royal blood, Nefertiti
artisan
a worker who is skilled in crafting goods by hand
The Nile River flows into this sea.
Mediterranean Sea
Egyptian religion
they believed in the afterlife. and they believed that their gods and goddesses controlled the working of nature
cataract
the Nubian section of the Nile that contained six rock-filled rapids
Queen __________ was the daughter of a pharoah and was married to King Thutmose ll. Powerful Queen.
Hatshepsut.
Was the land of Mesopotamia free from invasion like Egypt and Nubia?
No
what was the highway for Egyptian trade?
the Nile
What is silt?
fine soil found on river bottoms.
Nile Delta
supplies the majority of Egypt's crops today to feed Egypt's people
King Menes led his army into Lower Egypt wearing the.......
Unified Crown
Lower Egypt
an area in ancient egypt in the NORTHERN nile river region
What did the Nubians trade?
ebony wood,ivory from elephant tusks,ostriche feathers,eggs and panther skins.
Tutankhamen
(1341 BC – 1323 BC) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled c.1333 BC – 1323 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. His original name, Tutankhaten, means "Living Image of Aten", while
Who was Uni?
a pharaoh who started of running a store house and then eventually moved up to pharaoh during the time of the old kingdom
Howard Carter
Howard Carter (9 May 1874 – 2 March 1939) was an English archaeologist and Egyptologist, noted as a primary discoverer of the tomb of Tutankhamun.
A delta is a.......
triangular shaped area of soil at the mouth of the Nile (Lower Egypt)
What was the red land?
The vast desert. it spread out on either side of the river. Most of the Sahara kay to the west, and the part of the Sahara to the east. These lands were not friendly to humans. They wer useless for farming.
About how long is the Nile River?
4000 miles the Nile river runs.
what interactions did mesopatamia and egypt have together
trade links ran east across the desert to mesopatamia
What protected Egypt and Nubia from foreign attacks?
The hot sands protected Egypt and Nubia from attack.
what discoveries did the egyptians make in medicine?
by studying the body the new how to perform surgery they also understood herbalism they found out how to make medicine from plants
What kind of soil does the Nile Delta have?
They had a deposted mineral-rich sediment.
Why is the land along the Nile ideal for farming?
Because when the river floods, it deposits it's silt onto the land, and that makes the soil very fertile, and good for farming
Egypt is divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. What type of soil is on each side of the Nile River in Upper and Lower Egypt?
In upper Egypt the soil is fertile.In lower Egypt the soil is fertile and marshy.
Why did the people in Lower Nubia have to live close to the river?
because it has very little land for farming
hatshepsut
queen of Egypt.
Anubis
The god of death
nubia
nothern end of the Nile
hieroglyphs
pictures and other written symbols that stand for ideas, things, or sounds
Tutmose III
Retook Nubia in 1400 B.C.
What are cataracts?
cataracts are rockfilled rapids
stela
The Satellite Television Extension and Localism Act of 2010 or STELA is a part of the American Workers, State, and Business Relief Act of 2010 (H.R. 4213), a bill in the 111th United States Congress, intended to renew the Satellite Home Viewer Extension a
A new class system existed: Merchants, craftspeople (some made beautiful _____________for the king's tombs) and scribes.
treasures.
Upper Egypt
the southern part of ancient Egypt
Thoth
Thoth[1] was considered one of the more important deities of the Egyptian pantheon.
when did fall to the Macedonians
in 332 B.C
The Nile River Valley begins in________Africa and flows ___________into Egypt
East & northward
What type of goods were traded?
Cedar and gold
Nile river
worlds longest river ---- more than 4,000 miles
What river was used to transport goods?
the Nile
Hieroglyphics
a kind of picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas or things and others stand for sounds
silt
earthy matter, fine sand, or the like carried by moving or running water and deposited as a sediment.
Pyramids contained______________passages and __________burial chambers to keep ___________from stealing from the true ________________.
False & False & Robbers & Burial Chambers.
Thutmose III
one of the greatest pharaohs of the New Kingdom
Mediterranean
The rich delta area of the Nile flows into the ___
afterlife
the next life in which the dead are believed to live again
What grew as a result of the growth of farming communities?
Trade
What is Nubia?
an ancient region in the Nile River Valley, on the site of present-day Southern Egypt and Northern Sudan.
2 main sources of the nile
Blue Nile and the White Nile
how did the egyptians show their belief in the afterlife
they buried pharaohs with their greatest possessions so they could be with them in the afterlife also the mummified the bodies so there souls could find them in their afterlife
the fall of the Hyksos
What signaled the beginning of the New Kingdom
what discoveries did they make in writing?
they learned to write with hieroglyphs on a form of paper they made called papyrus
20.Was the land of Mesopotamia free from invasion like Egypt and Nubia?
No it was not free from invasion.
Why did the Nubians add fish and bird to their diet?
Because of the shortage of farmland
Did Egypt have land trade routes? Explain.
yes they had land trade routes because of the cataracts, people could not travel.
What type of homes did the people build?
They built their homes from straw or from bricks made from a mixture of starw and mud
How many sources does the Nile River have? Name the sources.
2 the blue nile and the white nile
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