Ancient Egypt Kush -Key Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
cataracts
strong rapids
afterlife
life after death
basins
collect and store water
exports
items sent out to another
trade routes
paths followed by traders
engineering
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
Ramses the Great
defeated the Tehenu
Re
Chief god of the Egyptians
King Tut
a tomb filled with treasures
Menes
(MEE-neez) (c. 3100 BC) Legendary Egyptian ruler, he unified the kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt and built the new capital city of Memphis.
papyrus
long lasting, paper-like material made from reeds
mummies
specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth
pyramids
built as tombs for the pharaohs
Akhenaton
his empire built many new temples
sphinxes
imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and thee heads of other animals or humans
canals
directed water from basins to the fields
Silt
fine and fertile soil, carried by flooding rivers and deposited on nearby lands, good for farming
Thutmose III
Thutmose II's son, stepson of Hatshepsut
middle kingdom
Mentuhotep II brought stability back to Egypt in the period, alot of strength and prosperity, conquered Nubia and traded far and wide during this period
Kush
Nubian kingdom that conquered all of Upper and Lower Egypt in the 700's BC, capital- Napata, Piye united Egypt and ____
Khufu
Pharaoh best known for monuments built by him, _________________________________.
delta
a triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river
Rosetta Stone
A huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing.
Old Kingdom
a period in Egyptian history that lasted from about 2700 B.C. - 2200 B.C.
Narmer (Menes)
king who supposedly united Upper and Lower Egypt, some historians think that he actually represents several kings who gradually joined the 2 lands
Science
priests studied the sky as part of their religion, Sirius; appeared shortly before the Nile flooded, same position every 365 days which helped develop the 1st practical calendar
mud brick
what ancient Egyptian homes were built from, made using mud from the Nile mixed with chopped straw
False
Queen Hatshepsut, a leader who built a kingdom that extended north from Napata to the Nile Delta.
Piankhi
Ruler of Kush, he was one of Kush's most successful military leaders. His army captured all of Egypt.
step pyramid
type of pyramid with sides that rise in giant steps, 1st ___ ____ was built by King Djoser
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