Ancient Egypt terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
militancy
military-minded
Heiroglyhics
Egyptian writing
cataracts
strong rapids
afterlife
life after death
hieroglyphics
egyptian writing system
Osiris
god of death
Tutankhamon
ruled from age 9-19
tutmose
hatshepsut's nephew-exoanded egypt's border north to the eupgrates river in mesopotamia
merchants
another name for traders
deity
a god or goddess
Papyrus
-reed growing along the Nile
engineering
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
pharaoh
a king of ancient Egypt
elite
people of wealth and power
Pharoh
a ruler of ancient Egypt
Seti I
Military campaigns:
Captured Kadesh
Captured Amurru

Opens up more mines and quarries in eastern desert

Built own large temple site at Abydos, the White temple (official kings list).

Longest and deepest tomb in the Valley of the Kings
hieroglyphs
What are symbols used in hieroglyphics, system of writing developed in about 3000 B.C - 70 A.D.?
Akhenaten
created the world's first monotheistic religion
absolute Power
complete control over the people
red crown
the crown of Lower Egypt
Tutankhamen
King of Egypt during 17th Dynasty.
What empire was divided into provinces?
Persian
Postiche
Fake beards worn by pharaohs (regardless of gender). Strapped onto the chin and often made of things like gold.
Cleopatra
a queen pharoah (female) from 69-30 B.C.
Silt
a rich black soil good for farming
economy
the way people use and manage resources
mummy
a dead body preserved in lifelike condition
Where was it that the first post-deluvian civilizations arose?
Egypt
pyramid
huge stone structure built by the ancient egyptians to serve as a tomb
Obelisk
a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top
faience
glazed earthen ware or pottery with highly colored design
delta
a triangle-shaped area of land made from soil depostied by a river.
The ancient Egyptians settled near the
Nile River
cataract
steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river
incense
an aromatic gum or other substance producing a sweet odor when burned, used in religious ceremonies, to enhance a mood, etc.
Tut
a king who ruled Egypt until 1352 B.C.
The greatest pharaoh of the New Kingdom
Ramses II
White
The kings of Upper Egypt wore what color crown?
Hatshepsut 1479 B.C.E.
female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
Thebes
an ancient city in Upper Egypt that became the capital of the New Kingdom
Ra / Obelisks
The ancient Egyptians sun god.
They built monuments to honor and represent their sun god.
predynastic
belonging to a time or period before the first dynasty of a nation
Upper Egypt
The area of Egypt south of Thebes
Embalming
to preserve the body for the after life
Brain removed
What is the 1st step in mumification?
Sargon
The ruler of Akkad who invaded and conquered the neighboring city states of Sumer
Lower Nubia
the region of ancient Nubia between the first and second Nile cataracts
Sphinx
one of a number of large stone statues with the body of a lion and the head of a man that were built by the ancient Egyptians
Nile River
Flows from south to north into the Mediterranean
linen
A fine fabric made from the flax plant used for both living and dead people
How did egyptian ruers govern their empire?
With absolute power
nepthys
was the sister of isis. she was the protector of godess of women and friend of the dead
King tutankhamen
the "Boy King"; when his tomb was discovered in 1922, the beautiful gold objects found there helped historians understand the Egyptian way of life
An early form of paper made from reed like plants found in the delta of Egypt
papyrus
where did egypt expand to during the new kingdom
palestine and syria
Group of people who go on a trip for a set reason
Expedition
location along nile
west bank of nile, could face the sun as it rose from the east, representing new life
How did Akhenaton upset the traditional order?
He tried to change Egypt from polytheistic to monotheistic religion. One god called Aton. He neglected his pharaoh duties and lost most of the lands in western Asia.
What was used to farm?
Hoes broke up large clumps of earth and the seeds were placed into the ground for pigs or sheep to step on them.
The worlds oldest ship was for whom, and how long has been believed to have survived?
For King Khufu, and 4,500 years.
Where did the first pharaoh build the capital and why did he wear the double crown?
The tip of the Nile Delta, Memphis, and to signify the union of Lower and Upper Egypt.
Shomu
dry season
animistic
nature worship
K'hat
living decaying body
Kemet
ancient name for Egypt
Herodotus
father of ancient Egypt
Peret
when the flood decreased
monotheism
belief in one god
Jean Francois Champollion
Father of Egyptology
Memphis
first theocratic capital of Egypt
Seasons of Egypt
Ahket, Peret, Shomu
shadoof
irrigation system used to cultivate land
Crook
cane that symbolized the Pharaoh's leadership
sah
spirit that wondered with no afterlife
Akhenaton
the Heretic pharaoh; changed egypt's religion from polytheism to monotheism
Moses
led the Hebrews out of Egypt
demotic
language of the people of Ancient Egypt
Cartouche
oval for of hieroglyphic writing that encircled the Pharaoh's name along with other identification
Exodus
when Moses led Hebrews out of captivity
King Tut
tried to restore monotheism, but died
Sirius
'dog star'; how the seasons were based
Nile Delta
area of Mediterranean where the Nile empties out
Nefertiti
wife of Akhenaton; got Egypt to its cultural peak during her reign
Book of the Dead
guidebook on how to get to the afterlife
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