mother leads society/family
A preserved body.
an Egyptian king
belief in many gods
The goddess of motherhood.
life after death
Superstitious necklaces, charms against evil or injury
a person's life force
Hyksos military innovation, two wheeled horse drawn battle cart
the god of the Nile
A ruler of ancient Egypt
the city of tombs
triangular-shaped area of marshes and swamps
first pharaoh of unified Egypt
|Meroe was burned down in...||
extravagantly, wastefully (as in the temple decorations!)
river that runs through Egypt
or people of wealth and power
Pictures that symbolize ideas or actions
Original capital of the united Egypt.
key to deciphering hieroglyphics translated by Champollion
|"Nagada I" period||
Villages characterized by...
>village economies based on cereal agriculture
>linked by trade along river, but since they all pretty much produced the same basic food stuffs, TRADE was NOT central to their economy
>little evidence of social stratification
period of ancient Egyptian history from 1539 B.C. to 1070 B.C.
Who was the pharaoh who changed Polytheism to one god?
people who are in the same group
Any change of fertile land into desert
Hatshepsut's stepson; he brought Egypt to the height of its power
|what is a series of rulers named?||
was the life force that distinguishes the difference between dead and alive.
substance used to stuff the nostrils of a mummy
imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans
During the Middle Kingdom Period the capital was established at this city
woman pharaoh who helped renew egypt to its former wealth. Thutmose III overthrew her.
a diagram illustrating the social divisions within a culture, usually showing the most powerful group at the top
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
|The very rich fertile soil deposited each year by the Egyptian flood||
a series of rulers from the same family that maintains power for generations
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
|Valley of the Kings||
Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered here.
An oval shaped inside which a pharoahs name was inscribed hieroglyphics
the way a country manages money and resources for the production of goods and services
|The Middle Kingdom||
2055 b.c.e.- 1650 b.c.e
period of stability or "golden age of stability"
New concern of the pharoahs for the people
|wheat and barley||
what the early ancient Egyptian farmers grew
the sister of isis. she was the protector goddess of woman and friend of the dead.
polytheism- a religon with more than one god
Oval drawn by Egyptians around a royal name which magically protected that person.
a large black beetle or amulet shaped like a beetle.
as early as 3100 BCE. kings and members of court buried collectively here (mastabas)
>Abydos later a center of worship for Osiris
|Akhenaton/ Amenhotep IV||
Tried to reform Egypt's religion so there was only one god, Aton, because of priests rising power.
|What were the two famous temples Ramses II built?||
Luxor and Karnak.
A poor person who lives on and farms the land.
steep rapids in a river, a very large waterfall
a person whose job was to write and keep records
the fertile valley of the Nile River in northeastern Africa
the man God chose to lead the Hebrews from slavery out of Egypt
King who rose to power in Upper Egypt. United upper and lower Egypt(also known as Narmer)
Old Kingdom- a fortress built at the second
cataract (probably around same time of the construction of the pyramids) to consolidate and protect the expeditions of the Old Kingdom at the height of its power
2400BCE- fortress seems to have declined
a god that had a woman's head and a lion's body
|Around 6000 BC what appeared in Nubia?||
Hunting and fishing communities
boy king of Ancient Egypt. ruled for 9 years and died before he was 20. only tomb intact with all possetions inside
really N of Egypt but was named lower Egypt due to the way the Nile river flowed, from S to N
|What was an important religious practice for egyptians?||
prepare the dead for the afterlife
|What did Mentuhotep's rule begin?||
His rule began the middle kingdom which was a period of disorder and stability that lasted untill 1750 B.C.
|number of egyptian gods||
there was a great number of gods. one source lists 740.
|Why did egyptians astronomers study the stars?||
To predict the flooding of the Nile River
|State 3 gods or goddesses and a few facts about them.||
devours hearts of anyone judged impure or evil
part crocodile, part hippo, part lion
goddess of magic
headress shaped like a seat
tears for dead husband flood Nile every year
sun disk with outstretched arms
holds an ankh representing everlasting life