Ancient Egypt Test Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
patron
sponser
block statue
...
cataract
a waterfall
matriarchal
mother leads society/family
Mummy
A preserved body.
pharaoh
an Egyptian king
polytheism
belief in many gods
Isis
The goddess of motherhood.
after life
life after death
amulets
Superstitious necklaces, charms against evil or injury
Define ka.
a person's life force
chariot
Hyksos military innovation, two wheeled horse drawn battle cart
Hapi
the god of the Nile
Pharoah
A ruler of ancient Egypt
(royal) necropolis
the city of tombs
delta
triangular-shaped area of marshes and swamps
Narmer (Menes)
first pharaoh of unified Egypt
Meroe was burned down in...
350 AD.
lavishly
extravagantly, wastefully (as in the temple decorations!)
Nile River
river that runs through Egypt
Elite
or people of wealth and power
Ineograms
Pictures that symbolize ideas or actions
Memphis
Original capital of the united Egypt.
Rosetta Stone
key to deciphering hieroglyphics translated by Champollion
"Nagada I" period
3500.
Villages characterized by...
>village economies based on cereal agriculture
>linked by trade along river, but since they all pretty much produced the same basic food stuffs, TRADE was NOT central to their economy
>little evidence of social stratification
New Kingdom
period of ancient Egyptian history from 1539 B.C. to 1070 B.C.
Ahkhenaten
Who was the pharaoh who changed Polytheism to one god?
peers
people who are in the same group
desertification
Any change of fertile land into desert
Thutmose III
Hatshepsut's stepson; he brought Egypt to the height of its power
what is a series of rulers named?
Dynasty
Ka
was the life force that distinguishes the difference between dead and alive.
beeswax
substance used to stuff the nostrils of a mummy
sphixes
imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans
Thebes
During the Middle Kingdom Period the capital was established at this city
Hatshepsut
woman pharaoh who helped renew egypt to its former wealth. Thutmose III overthrew her.
social pyramid
a diagram illustrating the social divisions within a culture, usually showing the most powerful group at the top
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
The very rich fertile soil deposited each year by the Egyptian flood
silt
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family that maintains power for generations
regent
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
Valley of the Kings
Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered here.
Cartouche
An oval shaped inside which a pharoahs name was inscribed hieroglyphics
economy
the way a country manages money and resources for the production of goods and services
The Middle Kingdom
2055 b.c.e.- 1650 b.c.e
period of stability or "golden age of stability"
New concern of the pharoahs for the people
wheat and barley
what the early ancient Egyptian farmers grew
nephthyus
the sister of isis. she was the protector goddess of woman and friend of the dead.
Egypt's Religion
polytheism- a religon with more than one god
Cartouches
Oval drawn by Egyptians around a royal name which magically protected that person.
scarab
a large black beetle or amulet shaped like a beetle.
Abydos:funeral
as early as 3100 BCE. kings and members of court buried collectively here (mastabas)
>Abydos later a center of worship for Osiris
Akhenaton/ Amenhotep IV
Tried to reform Egypt's religion so there was only one god, Aton, because of priests rising power.
What were the two famous temples Ramses II built?
Luxor and Karnak.
peasant
A poor person who lives on and farms the land.
cataracts
steep rapids in a river, a very large waterfall
scribe
a person whose job was to write and keep records
nile valley
the fertile valley of the Nile River in northeastern Africa
Moses
the man God chose to lead the Hebrews from slavery out of Egypt
Menes
King who rose to power in Upper Egypt. United upper and lower Egypt(also known as Narmer)
Buhen fortress
Old Kingdom- a fortress built at the second
cataract (probably around same time of the construction of the pyramids) to consolidate and protect the expeditions of the Old Kingdom at the height of its power
2400BCE- fortress seems to have declined
Sphinx
a god that had a woman's head and a lion's body
Around 6000 BC what appeared in Nubia?
Hunting and fishing communities
tutankhamen (tut)
boy king of Ancient Egypt. ruled for 9 years and died before he was 20. only tomb intact with all possetions inside
Lower Egypt
really N of Egypt but was named lower Egypt due to the way the Nile river flowed, from S to N
What was an important religious practice for egyptians?
prepare the dead for the afterlife
What did Mentuhotep's rule begin?
His rule began the middle kingdom which was a period of disorder and stability that lasted untill 1750 B.C.
number of egyptian gods
there was a great number of gods. one source lists 740.
Why did egyptians astronomers study the stars?
To predict the flooding of the Nile River
State 3 gods or goddesses and a few facts about them.
Ammit
little monster
devours hearts of anyone judged impure or evil
part crocodile, part hippo, part lion
Isis
goddess of magic
headress shaped like a seat
tears for dead husband flood Nile every year
Aten
sun god
sun disk with outstretched arms
holds an ankh representing everlasting life
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