Ancient Egypt Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Cleopatra
...
mastabas
earlist tombs
Pharoh
Egyptain Ruler
Location
1-North Africa
2-Natural barriers:Mediterranean Sea, Sahara Desert, Red Sea
a.Result:less prone to invasion.
canaan
modern day israel
Thebes
capital of New Kingdom
pyramids
tombs of egyptian kings
mummies
bodys wrapped in cloth
Hapi
god of the Nile
reliefs
carved,painted scenes on tomb walls
Pharaoh
All-powerful king in ancient Egypt
Papyrus
an early form of paper
Trade Routes
Paths followed by traders
Menes/Narmer
created the first double crown
scrolls
long rolls of papyrus paper
Egypt made__ also known as paprus
paper
Lower Egypt
north, lower elavation, Nile delta
silt
fine soil deposited by a river
Sahara
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
Temple of Karnak
largest temple in Egypt
Pyramid
Huge, triangular shaped burial tombs of Egyptian pharaohs built during the Old Kingdom.
*Menes
*first pharaoh, united Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
A grassy plain that stretches through the land.
savanna
first to use splints, _____, and compresses
bandages
Temple
sacred place where praying, and giving to the gods took place
who translated the rosetta stone
Jean Francosis Champollion
Limestone
A rock whiich the egyptions built there pyramid with
cataracts
Early kings ruled from their capital at Kerma, on the Nile just south of a __________, or stretch of rapids.
tomb
place where the Egyptians buried their dead
expedition
a journey organized for a particular purpose
king tut
akagnaton's death sent egypt into chaos for a few years. order was finally restored when akhenaton's ten year old son became king. the worship of only aton was demolished. tutankhamen's regin only lasted 9 years however. tut was buried in the valley of the kings with his riches and wouldn't be disturbed until 1922 by howard carter.
hyksos
a group of nomadic invaders from southwest asia who ruled egypt from 1640 to 1570 B.C.
akhet
season of inundation, in which the nile overflows and floods the black land
hieroglyphics
the system of writing created by ancient Egyptians consisting of small pictures that could represent either the object or the sound. They wrote on papyrus but little of this has survived. Existing hieroglyphics are carved into stone or painted on the walls of tombs.
dynasty
series of rulers from the same family
Who cracked the code of hieroglyphics?
Jean Chanollian
Bastet
the egyptian god cat- she was believed to protect women, children, and the sun's power to ripen crops. It was not allowed to harm cats.
Step Pyramid
-first pyramid to be built in Egypt
-built for Zoser
-6 mastabas on top of eachother
-constructed by Imhoptep
Inundation
the season of the flooding of the Nile
Black Land
Egyptians called the fertile land that was dark in color along the Nile
irriagiation
a way of bring water to dry land
old kingdom
a period of Egyptian history that lasted from about 2700 BC to 2200 BC
astronomer
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
Desertification
Any change of fertile land in to desert.
Upper Nubia
The region between the second and sixth Nile cataracts
Rosetta Stone
Champollon use this object to break the code of hieroglyphics
Amulet
A magical charm that is wrapped in mummy's linen to protects against evil
Nefertiti
queen of Egypt and wife of Akhenaton. Considered to be the most beautiful woman in .the world.
Nile River
a marshy delta exists in northern egypt
Ramesses II (Basic)
Co-regent with Seti I (perhaps)
Named prince regent at 14
Came to throne in 20s
Reigned fro 66 years (according to Manetho)
Died at 90
Destroyed the remnants of Amarna
Great military leader
200 wives and concubines
80-100 children
mummy
a body that has been prepared for the after life and was placed into a tomb.
Thutmose III
To young to rule so Hatshepsut took over, tried to 'erase' Hatshepsut from history, one of the strongest leaders, lead 16 military raids to the Middle East.
Thutmose IV
Pharaoh who sent an army to capture Kush in 1500 BC
It was the tallest structure for about 4000 years
The Great Pyramids
king djoser
was the king of Egypt and had the first step pyramid
Delta
A land formed by mud and sand at the river's end and it has very vertile soil
The Book of the Dead
A collection of spells and prayers that Egyptians studied to obtain life after death
religion, morality, and ethics
We know the most about their beliefs in the afterlife. Their important contribution was that they believed in an afterlife in the first place.
What would the governments do in order to destroy rebels or malcontents?
cut them off from water
for people to rembember and recognize them in the future.
what were the reasons for the pharoaohs to build the pyramids?
to barter; to get better belongings than you have in your government/economy/government
what was the importance of trade in ancient egypt?
To the North of Egypt, they were protected from invaders from the sea because...
there were no harbors on the delto for ships to anchor in.
Peasants
Farmers.
Pharaohs
egyptian kings
Menes
unified Egypt
cataract
a large waterfall
cairo
capital of Egypt today
Afterlife
or life after death
Imhotep
visier of Pharaoh Zoser
noble
a rich and powerful person
Nubia is located...
South of Egypt.
Planting Season
(October-February)
Men worked on irrigation projects to hold back as much extra water as possible. As the water left the fields, they planted crops.
ra
ancient hawk-headed Egyptian sun god
Sargon
Tutmose 3 rulled like ________
Polytheism
A belief in many gods
Tutankhamen
restored polytheism, only tomb not robbed
Napata
Built pyramids in the Egyptian style
hieroglyphs
pictures and other written symbols that stand for ideas, things, or sounds
Kush conquered Egypt
2nd stage of Kush
Isis
woman with hieroglyphic sign of throne on her head. divine mourner of dead
Narmer
Pharaoh who united Upper and Lower Egypt in 3100 B.C.
absolute power
complete control of something or someone
Resin
a syrupy substance, smeared over the body to seal the skin to prevent moisture from getting to the body and also used as a glue.
Amon
Re
Originally, the Egypt god Amon-Re was known only as Amon, or Amen and sometimes Amun. Amon was often associated with such symbols as the ram, the goose and the bull.
Who were tall light skinned warriors who invaded India?
Aryans
farmers
most egyptians were farmers and they helped with pharoahs building projects when they couldn't work on farms
irrigation
the technology used tby the egyption farmers to water their crops
WHat was very important to Egyptians?
Family life.
The second capital city of Kush, which was located near iron ore deposits.
Meroe
Pharaohs appointed officials to run irrigation canal grains storehouses were built and repaired
Old Kingdom Rulers
Osiris
Who was the Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead?
men and boys
_____________worked in the fields or took care of the animals outside the village
ore
a mineral or combo of minerals mined for the production of metals
Khufu
the egyptian pharoh who in about 2250 b.c. ordered the construction of the largest pyramid.
In ancient egypt most of the people belonged to what social class?
Peasants
Natron
A mixture of different thing to dry out the body of the mummy
King Amenhotep IV, Akhenaten
*New kingdom period
>change Egyptian polytheistic religion to monotheistic, worship on Aten (god of the solar disk[aka.sun])
>moved capital from Thebes to new built Akenhetaten (where he, his wife Queen Nefertiti, and 6 daughters worship)
Define dynasty
A series of rulers from the same family.
Middle Kingdom
know as the golden age and Nobles began to assert their own
Religion
A belief in god or gods who created the world and affects people's lives
Trailor 7 has 30 desks and is usually cold. There are usually many students in it and the teacher is the best ever. Which theme of geography is this an example of?
Place
Nomarch
A governor that was head of each nome and was responsible to the king and vizier during the Old Kingdom.
Ramses the great
reigned for 66 years known for his construction
Same as dynasty
Leaders that are in the same family that continue down from generation to generation
Deserts.
What was to the east and to the west of Egypt?
What made the Hyksos more mobile than the Egyptians?
their horses and chariots
what is a social pyramid?
a diagram showing the ranking of people in a society
what are 3 facts about artisans
they usually didnt get credit for their work, the most important ones were stone carvers, they made many beautiful objects
in the earlier times (4000 years ago)
when did they bury pharaohs in pyramids?
organs are removed and put in canopic jars
What is the 2nd step in mumification?
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