Ancient Egypt, Nubia section 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
pyramid
royal tomb
afterlife
life after death
cataract
large waterfall;rock filled rapids
Taharka
king of egypt and Nubia
Giza
The three largest and best
Pharoahs
Believed Kings remained gods after death. Pyramids were like palaces.
Menes
According to legend, Menes united Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
limestone
Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate: CaCO3). Like most other sedimentary rocks, limestones are composed of grains; however, most grains in limestone grains are skeletal fragments of marine organisms s
True or False: The first Egyptians buried their kings under rocks.
True.
Hatshepsut
regent for Thutmose III who declared herself pharaoh
Who is the god of the Nile?
Hapi
scarab beetle
The family Scarabaeidae as currently defined consists of over 30,000 species of beetles worldwide. The species in this large family are often called scarabs or scarab beetles.
pharaoh
a title of an ancient Egyptian king.
Which Egyptian ruler was considered the most effective ruler of the New Kingdom and known as "warrior pharaoh?
Pharaoh Ramses II
...
planing for the tomb was planned soon after he was crowned
artisan
a worker who is especially skilled in making something, such as baskets, leather goods, tools, jewelry, pottery, or clothes
The discovery of the __________Stone helped to decode ________________.
Rosetta and hieroglyphics.
About how long is the Nile River?
4,000 miles
name some items carried by Nubia caravans
ivory,wood,feathers,eggs,panther skins
The Nile River flows into this sea.
Mediterranean Sea
a scientist who studies the stars and other in the sky
astronomer
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
What Kushite leader was able to take Upper Egypt 750BCE?
King Kashta
King Tut was buried at the..........
Valley of the Kings.
delta
area shaped like a triangle at the end of a river
What was the red land?
It was a vast desert.
Mummy
In order to ensure that the body was preserved the Ancient Egyptians began to use a process called mummification. This involved embalming the body and then wrapping it in thin strips of linen.
Significane of the Nile
the nile brought rich fertile sediment called silt
Rosetta Stone
A stone on wich a passge was written in 3 languages,Greek, Egyptian Herioglyphis, and a form of Egyptian cursive
Abu Simbel
set of two temples near the border of Egypt with Sudan
The Lifeline of the Nile: Silt
Mixture of small soil and rocks
Who wrote that that Egypt is the Gift of the Nile?
The greek historian Herodotus.
Where did Egypts early farming communities settle?
delta and valley regions of the nile
Who was king Thutmose III?
he was one of the greatest pharoahs in the new kingdom other than being a smart conquerer he was a well educated man who loved to study plants
Why is the land along the Nile ideal for farming?
because it has very fertile
what discoveries did they make in mathematics?
they used geometry to measure are for taxes and they new how to multiply, divide, subtract, and add
What river was used to transport goods?
The river they use was the Nile river.
Why did the pharaohs have absolute power?
The pharaoh was part god part king. It was the pharaoh who provided the Nile's yearly floods and harvests
How did the people of Egypt travel the Nile River?
They traveled both up and down stream.
Why were the pyramids so important to the ancient Egyptians?
They made sure the pharaoh had a place in the afterlife
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