Human Anatomy lab midterm Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Groove
furrow
Melanocytes
Produce melanin.
Yellow Marrow
Adipose-containing
spine
slender, sharp projection
Ceruminous Glands
Earwax glands
Foramen
A shallow hole.
name for a cavity
antrum
ramus
armlike bar of bone
Pacinian Corpuscles
These sense pressure.
Spine
A short, sharp projection
epicondyle
raised area above a condyle
facet
smooth, almost flat articular surface
Eponychium
The cuticle of the nail.
Trochanter
A large bump (on femur)
Groove or Sulcus
An elongated depression.
Desmosomes
Cells join at these microscopic junctions.
Line
A smaller elevation than a crest
Notch
A deep cut-out in a bone.
Canaliculi
Thin tubes that protect the lacunae.
Evapoative Cooling
A mechanism using perspiration in order to cool the body.
Papillae
Bumps on the papillary layer that interdigitate with the epidermis, providing good adhesion between the two layers.
Blood Vessles
Pass into the dermis, bringing nutrients to both the dermis and the epidermis.
Melanin.
Protects the stratum basale from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation.
Tuberosity
A relatively large bump on the bone
Meissner's Corpuscles
A light touch corpuscle that is located in the upper portion of the dermis.
Epidermis
Located on the surface (It's the part of your skin that shows)
Hair Bulb
The actively growing portion of the hair.
Nail Root
Underneath the eponychium and is the area that generates the nail body.
Nail Bed
The layer deep to the nail body.
Secondary Ossification Centers
Develop and expand the mineralization of the cartilage.
Hyaline Cartilage
This makes up the epiphyseal plate and increases in thickness by the division of chondrocytes.
Root Sheath
Composed of an outer dermal layer of connective tissue and an inner epithelial layer.
Light Touch Corpuscles
Sensory is received here, among other places.
Eccrine Glands
A type of sweat gland that is sensitive to temperature and produces normal body perspiration.
Compact Bone
Hard, located on the outside of the bone.
Pain Receptors
These fire up when you go beyond the cold and hot points that are comfortable. These are naked nerve endings that respond to numerous environmental stimuli.
Intramembranous Ossification
A type of bone development in which a fibrous membrane is laid down and ossification occurs between the fibers.
8 names of projections where ligaments or muscles attach
1) tubercle2) spine3) process4) Line5) tuberosity6) epicondyle7) trochanter 8) crest
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