Ancient Greece Flashcards

Terms Definitions
polis
City-state
Plato
philosopher
democracy
representative government
Ubiquitous
omnipresent, everywhere
Helots
State-owned slaves
MONARCHY
RULE BY 1
Plague
a widespread disease
Socrates
Founder of Modern philosophy
encouraged people to question themselves and their moral characters more
Aristocracy
rule by land-holding elite
The Iliad
about Trojan war
Thales
rejected mythology. thought original substance of universe is water. he used the stars for navigation.
The name of your father
...
Sparta
a city-state that valued strength
Pericles
Athenian statesman whose leadership contributed to Athen's political and cultural supremacy in Greece
Pythagoras
Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
Dark Age
1100-750BCE
decling population and falling food production
Phalanx
A massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
Tyrants
Powerful leaders, usually nobles or wealthy, who seize control of the government by appealing to the common people for support. Tyrants were not considered cruel or harsh, like today. Back then, leaders who work for the interests of the ordinary man. The tyrants do not always follow the laws in order to obtain their power.
Athens
a greek city-state that emphasized arts, writing, culture, and athletics
Minoans
rich culture, trade with Egyptian, Ancient civilization located on the Island of Crete that disapeared suddenly due to invasion.
Location Myceneans Civilizations
Mainland of Greece
-Peloponnesus Peninsula
Cleisthenes
Demeocracy in Athens reached its height under the rule of a brillant elected leader named BLANK.
Dorians
Spartans were decendents form this group of warriors and conquerd the Myceneans civilization
Aristotle
a philosopher who questioned the nature of the world and of human belief, thought, and knowledge
Men
Were citizens with rights, and regarded as equal to each other no matter how wealthy or what class they were in.
Comedy
A light, amusing work of theater
Archimedes
Inventor of the compound pulley, which moves heavy objects easily, and the cylinder screw, which lifts water for irrigation. He also discovered the principle of buoying demonstrated the principle of the lever.
fable
a short story that usually involves animals and teaches a moral lesson
City-state
A city and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit
myth
a traditional story that helps to explain a culture's beliefs
tragedy
theme of Drama in the Golden Age
Israel
an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea
fables
a brief story or poem usually containing animal characters and teaches a lesson or moral, e.g., Aesop's Fables - "The Boy Who Cried Wolf", "The Dog and the Bone", and "The Fox and the Grapes"
Aesop
author and storyteller, famous for his fables
minority
part of population that differs from other groups in characteristics
Hellenistic
relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civiliHzation
Zeno
teacher in Anthens who produced a philosphy Stacism
Crete
a Greek island in the Mediterranean Sea, southeast of Greece
Greek historain and author of the Peloponnesian War, demanded careful examination of evidence
Thucydides
Trojan War
war between the Greeks and the Trojans; started over control of the strait connecting the Mediterranean and Black seas
Parthenon
the temple of Athena, which stands on the Acropolis in Athens
Pheidippides
raced to Athens and told news that Athens had defeated the Persians, he delivered his message then collapsed and died
Hellespont
the long, narrow body of water between Europe and Asia, in present-day Turkey
Aristotle (student of Socrates)
philosopher, scientic. 1. Matter: seed, 2.Form:rose. 3.Movement:seed to rose. 4.Goad:nature plant
acropolis
a high, rocky hill where early people built cities.
Ancient
something very old, from a very long time ago
Mystery Religions
A diverse group of beliefs and practices of ancient Greek and Roman civilization that included initiation into a specific group, a personal encounter with the deity, and hope for spiritual renewal and a better afterlife.
Who were considered citizens in Ancient Greece?
free born men
aristocrats
People of the highest class of society who held inherited titles. They were often part of the ruling class in government.
agora
a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
citizens
a person who owes allegiance to a country and is protected by it
Trade
traded meat, milk and cheese that they got from goats
Draco
wrote and posted the laws of the city-state so everyone could see them - established rule of law
direct democracy
a form of government in which foreigners control all levels of gevernement
Xerxes
comes to power of Persian after Darius dies
Oligarchy
ruling power belongs to only a few people
Harbor
A shelter place along a cost used to protect boats and ships
Battle of Thermoplylae
~300 Spartans held a narrow mountain pass agaist the whole Persian army for 2 days until they were defeated
city states or polis
geographic and political center of Greek life.
How long did the olympic games go on?
5 days
Delian League
The league that was led by Athens. Athens used tribute from this league to beautify her city.
barbarian
a person who belongs to a group that another group considers to be savage or uncivilized
Representative democracy
a type of democracy in which the citizens delegate authority to elected representatives
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Hera
Who was the wife of zues and protected women and marriage
People shopped and discussed politics and gossip.
What happens at the agora?
Greek philosophers
studied the power of the human mind to think, explain, and understand life, ask questions
What did Pericles do for Athens?
thrived the economy and government
People of the Sea
Greece was attacked and forced into a Dark Age when these people "hit and ran"
The tyrants lost power because the ignored the needs of the people and were forced out.
How did the TYRANTS loose power?
"Opened up a Pandora's box"
Pandora was given a box by Zeus with all of the worlds "ingredients". She opened it (from the urge of wanting to) and evil things came out but HOPE.
What's a THEORY of why the Minoans declined?
volcanic eruption on Thera cause toxic gas and tsunamis
revolt
rebellion
assimilate
absorb
water facilitated
trade
locations
places or sites
Knossos
Minoan capital city
1.isthmus
1.small strip of land
chimera
Mythological, fire-breathing monster with the head of a lion, body of a goat, and tail of a serpent.
League
a group of allies
bull leaping
minoan bull fighting
stereobate
substructure of a Greek temple
demi-god
1/2 god & 1/2 human
city states what each other
fought
rhetoric
the art of skillful speaking
Tyrant
a person who seizes power illegally
troy
a city state in asia minor
Odyssey
the journey after the Trojan war
Eristics
Sophist strategy for winning legal arguments
Thucydides
Historian who wrote about the Pelopponesian War. He showed the need to avoid bias.
Intuition
instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes)
Peloponnesian War
started because other Greek city-states were jealous and fearful of Athenian power
Teleology
Evidence given in design by nature
Aristotle (cont)
follows logically from the premises. He influenced scientific work as well. Unlike Plato, Aristotle stressed the value of knowledge recieved through the senses. He was the first person to observe and classify facts according to their similarites and differences. He developed generalizations from his data. Some of his beliefs included that Earth was the center of the solar system, and not all his theories were correct. His views and method of inquiry would continue to dominate European
Alliance
Formal agreement between two or more nations of pwers to cooperate and come to one another's defense
Artemis
- War
- Bow and Arrow
- Diana
480 BC
the greeks took stand a thermopylae
Philosophy
organized system of thought, from the Greek for "love of wisdom"
Hellenic
relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civiliHzation
Issus
Alexader the Great's victory at ___ gave him control of Anatolia
Oracles
people who, it was believed, could speak with the gods
Sophocles
Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex
Phoenician alphabet
writing system adopted by the Greeks
Ephors
The elected officials which ran the city of Sparta
epic
earliest Greek stories. These long poems told of heroic deeds
Iliad
epic poem written by Homer; tells of the Trojan War
oblos
main form of money for Sparta; heavy iron bars
Epics
long poems that tell the stories of heroes
discus
throwing a round, metal object for a sport
Demagogues
A popular leader who obtains power by means of impassioned appeals to the emotions.
who is themistocles
ahtenian leader. told everyone to evacuate the city and go near the channel by slamis. persian ships couldnt turn in it so greece attacked and won
Aristocrat
a member of a rich and powerful family
Mount Olympus
a mountain, where it believed that most Gods lived. located in northern-Greece.
aqueduct
brick water pipe used to get fresh water into the city
Triremes
What do we call the swift military vessels that had three levels of rowers and protected Greek merchant ships?
Ionian, Mediteranian, Agean.
The three seas that surround Greece.
Persian Wars
492 B.C.-449 B.C. series of wars between Greek states and Persia, particularly two invasions of Greece by Persia
aristocat
a member of a rich and powerful family
estates
a large plot of land with a large house
Cleopatra VII
Greek ruler of Egypt during the Roman Empire (ptolemy)
Peisistratus
a tyrant who won the support of the poor by dividing large estates among landless farmers, loaning money, and giving them jobs. 560 B.C.
Sophist
the name for a Greek teacher who in the decade after the Persian Wars traveled from city to city teching speech, grammer, gymnastics, mathematics, and music
Peloponnesian War Outcome?
Sparta wins b/c of typhus, persia, allies switching, navy.
By the early sixth century B.C. what two polies became leading city-states?
Athens and Sparta.
battle of salamis
The entire Persian Navy is defeated by Triremes hidden behind the rocks, Xerxes sat on his golden thron and watched his navy get annihilated
Lost Tribes of Israel
this term refers to the ten tribes from the northern kingdom that disappeared from history after being enslaved and exiled by the Assyrians.
Why were anchient Greek communtiys isolated from one another?
Mountains , which maden travel and communication difficult
Who were the people from the Mainland who occupied Crete at the end of the Minoan period and how do we know this?
Greeks..."Linear B" is written in Greek
Describe the type of government that Plato believed would be best.
He proposed a small group of men should run the government. He thoughh tthey could mak better decisons an most people.
flourished
expanded
indo-european migrations
Mycenaeans
stipend
fixed salary
16.myth
16.a story passed down
Scholar
a person seeking knowledge
polytheism
worship of many deities
acanthus
leaves on the Corinthian capital
Legislature
lawmaking body, Cleisthenes made assembly this, debated laws before deciding to approve or reject them
Hercules
god of strength and archery
tyranny
one leader,seized power,ruled single handledly
Herodotus
Greek historian whose writings, chiefly concerning the Persian Wars, are the earliest known examples of narrative history
Fresco
Colorful painting completed on wet plaster
Sophists
Seeks knowledge... charged money for there teaching
Areopagus
A place of thinking and learning
Illiad
epic tale of the trojan war
Cynic
Philosophical school of freeing self from convention
Irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Autocracy
a political theory favoring unlimited authority by a single individual
Acroplis
in early Greed city-states, a fortified gathering place at the top of a hill which was sometimes the site of temples and public buildings
Peloponnesus
A mountainous peninsula in southern Greece between the lonian and Aegean seas.
Religion
a set of spiritual beliefs, values, and practices
drachmas
Athens main form of money; silver coins
Dionysus
- Grape and wine
- Grape vine
- Bacchus
iliad and odyssey
epic poems written by homer
Stoicism
thought developed by the teacher Zeno in Hellenistic Athens; it states that appines can be achieved only when people gain inner peace by living harmony with the will of god adn that people should bear whatever life offers
Myths
a traditional story that deals with the supernatural, ancestors, or heroes
Helenistic Culture
times of advancment in philosophy, mathematics, medicine, architecture, and astronomy
A disease spread through this crowded city and one-third of the population died, including Pericles. This polis finally surrendered when it's grain supply was cut off.
Athens
Dorian Invasions
The Mycenaean's were overthrown and attacked by the Dorians (Greek speaking people)
Zeus
the main/chief God for both Athens and Sparta
tragedies
the first Greek dramas; presented in a trilogy ... serious drama about common themes such as love, hate, war or betrayal.
what was the blending of cultures called
hellenistic culture
What peninsula was Athens located on? Sparta?
Atiica, Peloponnesus
Homer
Ancient Greek poet who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey (about the Trojan war)
peninsula
body of land with water on three sides
mythology
a body of stories about gods and hereos that try to explain how the world works.
Cyrus the Great
a remarkable leader who united the Persians into a powerful kingdom. Began building an empire larger than any yet seen in the world.
Archon Basileus
The Archon that served as a Religious and Court leader.
danger of travel (land)
(land) rocks shattering wooden wheels, attack by bandits
Indus River
A river in South Asia that flows from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea.
Which two Macedonian warrior-kings staged a takeover and unification of Greece?
Philip 2 and his son Alexander.
Description of Alexander's empire
east to the Indus River and west to the Mediterranean Sea
How did the Greeks lay the intellectual foundation of Western Civilization?
They asked questions about the purpose of life, divine forces, truth. The contributed the democratic ideal.
Why was such training important to Sparta?
Because Sparta wanted to be the best in warfare.
Perioeci
Freemen
Hellenic Culture
-
hubris
excessive pride
Riace Warrior
Early Classical
metic
Greek resident alien
teacher of Plato
Socrates
Non Greeks were considered
barbaric
Mycenae
Indo-European Greek civilization - very warlike
Euripides
Greek playwright: wrote "Medea", "Electra", and "Trojan Woman"
Metropolis
parent city of a colony
classical period
after archaic period, before hellenistic
Thermistocles
Athenian general fought against the Persians
lyric
a short poem of songlike quality
Greece
Located in Southern Europe
Mt. Olympus
Rhetra
Spartan constitution that could have created the first democracy
Epicurus
founder of Epicureanism; doctrine of pleasure; happiness as the goal of life
1250 B.C
When the Trojan war began
Ostracism
Practice used in ancient Greece to banish or send away a public figure who threatened democracy
Hellenism
Fusion of greek and near eastern culture
Solon
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
`THERMOPYLAE
300 SPARTANS STOOD UP AGAINST PERSIAN ARMY AND LOST
Ecclesia
a group of 40,000 male Athenian citizens which met at the Pynx every 10 days, Athenian assembly; included all male citizens over the age of eighteen.
Spartans
at the Battle of Thermopylae, the valiant sacrifice of the ___ impressed all the Greeks
Symbolism
use of symbols, or anything that stands for or represents something else
odysseus
a Mycenaean hero of the Trojan war
public
having to do with government, having to do with the people
Archon
A chief in the democracy of Athens.
believed people could use powers mind and reason to understand natural events
philosophers
decimal system
a system based on the number 10
geography
the study of the physical fetures of earth
King Philip
a great military dictator of Macedonia who was father of Alexander the Great who aspires to control Greece
Homer...
Wrote most famous epic poems : Illiad & Odyssey
The Greek Dark Age
Collapse of agricultural production, population decline, iron replaces bronze, and the Phaeacian alphabet was adopted.
Analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
Despot
A person who rules with total and unlimited control
persia
the empire that the greek city states defeated by working together and putting their difference aside
Helen
wfe of Greek general and the cause of the trojan war
Peloponnesian League
League created and led by Sparta that consisted of Spartan and their allies to counter the Delian League
Aspasia
a woman who moved more freely in life. Was not a native Athenian yet she was very well educated and taught public speaking to many Athenians. Her writings did not survive, but Plato, said her work helped shape his ideas.
council
a group of people who take advice to the leader
ephor
one of five men elected each year in Sparta who is responsible for youth and conduct of all citizens
Jury
A ________ is a group of citizens who hear evidence and make decisions in a court of law.
King Priam
King of Troy; father of Hector and Paris; husband of Hekabe
Who was a clever man and a master of "deceit and artful tales"?
Odysseus
Golden Age
A defeat of the Persians in 479 B.C. during this time, the people built magnificent new temples and artists created statues and monuments of breathtaking beauty
Athens in the Pelop war
Athens had political divisions and the war was not always popular.
Poor often supported Athenian tyrants because
They imposed reforms to help the groups
what was the trojan war about
Paris gave Aphrodite a golden apple so he got Helen the queen of Sparta and they ran to troy but the spartan king took her back using a wooden horse.
after the Spartans attacked Athens and ended the Golden Age
no one was producing plays in Athens, produced/performed plays repeatedly
Galen
...
food
mat
luxurious
rich, expensive objects
vendor
a seller of goods
peloponisian
leauge led by sparta
constitution
written plan (principles, structures, and processes) of government
Infantry
soldiers that fight on foot
A government by the people
democracy
Thermoplylae
location where "300" Spartans held against Persian Army, on the greek peninsula, east of marathon
allies
an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
Who was the greatest Greek historian?
Thucydides
iron
this replaced bronze in the manufacture of weapons
I soundly defeated the athenians and Thebans at the battle of Chaeronea
Macedonians
shafts
parts of column between base and capital
The Republic
Plato's written work that explained his concept of the ideal state
Cult Dionysus
the people that worshiped Dionysus, they were the start of Drama
colonist
a person who lives in a colony
Who moved into Ancient Greece after the collapse of the Trojan War?
Dorians
2
number of kings that ruled over Sparta's military forces
who hade no rights
women, foreigners and slaves
Olympia
Where the first Olympic games took place in 776 B.C.
Arete
in early Greece, the qualities of excellence that a hero strives to win in a struggle or contest
strait
a narrow channel connecting tow large bodies of water - often used in plural
government where person rules in a harsh way
tyranny
Heinrich Shlieman
A wealthy German businessman that set out to prove that the
The Greek gods were not worshipped with what?
human sacrifice
Cultural Borrowing
adapting customs from one culture for use in another
Demokritos and Leukippos
Came up with idea of atoma
who fought in the trojan war
greeks and trojans
Aristophanes
wrote the first great comedies for the stage
theban
who were the persians allies for the battle of plataea?
conclusion
The close or last part; the end or finish.
Mediterranean Sea
A large body of water bordered by Europe, Asia, Africa
Popular Government
idea that people can and should rule themselves
Monarch
A single ruler who holds power in a country or empire
at simple food such as
bread olives cheese fish vegetables
What ruler united Greece and where was he from?
Philip II, Macedonia
What did the Minoans do when they worked?
farming and trading
Darius I
522 B.C. He was known as one of the best organizer of the Persian kings. He had the idea to divide the realm so that each province had a different satrap or governor. He had spies or "Eyes and Ears of the king" that looked over the provinces. He also had Persepolis built. He also had the royal road built during his reign for transport of soldiers. People tried to revolt so there was a battle of Marathon. Then Darius had war with Greece for control of city-states which he lost. After his death his son Xerxes took the throne
how did the persian wars start
greeks settled in ionia and the persians conqured then greeks revolted and athens helped. persians won but darius the great vowed to destroy athens
• Because their sporting events were part of religious festivals • Athletes believed that they honored the gods by taking part in the games
Why did the Greeks participate in sporting events?
They fought a 30 year war against their helots
What led the spartans becoming so militaristic?
Hippocrates
doctor
Doric
Plain
Mantiklos Apollo
Orientalizing
Hero and Centaur
Geometric
Laureion
Athenian silver mine
Bucephalus
Alexander the Great's horse
colonization
taking over another area
Sophacles
(496-406BCE) great Athenian playwright. famous play: Oedipus Rex
stay at home
bli heime
What was the Minoan capital?
Knossos
assembly
all male citizens passed laws
Mycenaeans
descend from the Indo-European family
atomists
universe made of tine particles (atoms)
metaphysics
To study beyond the physical world
more citizens allowed to parcipate in
athens
Mycenaean
Influenced by Minoans, were sea traders
Persian War
look at ISN pg 70
The Dark Ages
1100s-750 bc-everyone in poverty-people no longer traded for food-writing disapered
The ancient Olympic games were played in
Olympia
Minoan
Goddess had three sacred symbols; the lion, the bull, and the snake
MOTD
list the stages of government of Athens IN ORDER using just the first letter to create a four letter word
Hesiod
Greek poet; works focus on Greek mythology, farming, and astrology
golden mean
government that is not too extreme
lysander
a key spartan gerdneral, launched a surprise attack in the Aegospotami harbo
Philip II
admired Greek culture and hired Aristotle to tutor his son, Alexander
stoics
indifferent to grief, fear, pain, or pleasure
man must accept his destiny
Formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another's defense
alliance
Persian War 1
499-479 greek v. persian empire freedom v slavery greek alliance defends Persian invators
Greek food
based on wheat, wine and olive oil
Dark Ages
term for the roughly 200-year period in Greek history that followed the final collapse of the Mycenaean civilization in the 12th century BC
Euclid
Greek teacher who began the study of geometry.
who are the heroes of Iliad?
Hector and Achilles
pel. war
sparta qith help from persia defeated athens
natural poses
gods and goodesses were sculpted in their most______
ithmus
narrow strip of land joining two large areas or joining a peninsula to a mainland
Assassinate
To murder a leader or other important person
Kritian Boy
symmetrical minus the 1 leg that broke off and missing 2 arms and showing what a boy should become (areta)
Battle at Gaugamela
At this battle, Darius III was captured but managed to get away.
What were the games at the Olympics?
Chariot and Horse races
Boxing
wrestling
pankration
track
race of armor
pentathlon
the Ancient Greeks
Who were the first people to use bronze, for both offense and defense?
A gift with hidden danger
Today, a trojan horse is what?
what did the mountains do?- 3
divided land into regions, difficult to transport, lands were stony (not very arable)
for milk, cheese, and meat
what did the ancient greeks use goats for
What happened at the battle of slamis?
athens evactuated and fought at sea. They had a powerful navy. Greeks fought with new ships called titemes. They sunk a third of Persian ships.
What made Alexandria such a good place for culture and economic growth
It was located right on the Med. Sea
plauge
widespread disease
Trojans
Hector (civilization)
Athena
Goddess of war
Plato's book
The republic
Epicureanism
what Epicurus founded
demeter
god of harvest
sponser
supporter of an event
Mycenaeab Civilization
1600 BC-1100 BC
orator
person skilled at speaking
Apollo
god of light, music, poetry
Themistocles
Athenian statesman who persuaded Athens to build a navy and then led it to victory over the Persians (527-460 BC)
1100-750 b.c
Dark Ages of Greece
Satrap
governor of a province in Persia
Teamwork
cooperative work done by a team
Board of 10 Generals
elected military leaders
Infertile
not productive, unable to produce food
Macedonia
The country that Alexander was from. Northern Balkin Peninsula.
hellenistic/helladic
greek culture after the period of alexander the great
helot
workers captured and enslaved by the spartans
the Parthenon
a temple to the goddess Athena
Philosopher
Someone who used reason to understand the world; in Greece the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events.
Athenian accomplishments
Some of the Athenian accomplishments were Drama, Philosophy, and Civil war.
Alexandria
Became the greatest center of trade and learning
City-states
different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers
volcano
an opening in the earth from which melted rocks and ashes pour out
tribute
a payment made by a less powerful state or nation to a more powerful one
Greek colonies
Alexander set up Greek colonies in conquered lands to spread Greek culture
Mycenae Civilization
around 2000 BC; in the eastern Mediterranean; greatest of Greek cities; could defend itself against any attack because of walls 20ft thick; they often captured other ships and took plunder which probably led to great war
How many oxen were sacrificed to honor Zeus?
100
Below the acropolis is a flat meeting place know as a(n)
Agora
outnumber
to have more soldiers, ships, or war machines than someone else has
Oracle
In ancient Greece, a sacred site used to consult a god or goddess; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods
Mt. Olympus
home of the gods; highest peak in central Greece
Socratic Method
question and answer to help people to think for themselves by using their own reasoning
a school in athens called lyceum
what did aristotle open?
islands and mainland peninsula
What two physical features make up ancient Greece?
17. Peloponnesian War
- A "civil war" in Ancient Greece between Sparta and Athens; Sparta won
how did sailors tell where they were?
the stars guided them
two characteristics of Sparta
boys started military school at age 7 no individual rights
he was convited and a death by poison
how did socrates die?
what did colonist look for in land?
natural harbors, good farmland, a place to avoid locals that could be strong enough to prevent them from settling.
How did Greece's geography setting affect its early civilization?
Sea was important because Greece is a group of peninuslas. Mountains are major landform and allowed for only small patches of farmland. Because of this, many Greeks became traders and sailors. Mountains created natural barriers for areas of Greece and many areas throught of themselves as separate countries with own customs and beliefs. Each area was willing to go to war with other areas to protect itself.
The first Olympics were held to honor the god _____
A. Zeus B. Socrates C. Athena D. Homer Answer: A. Zeus
city state
s
Plutarch
Greek - biographer and philosopher
citizen
person with rights and responsibilities in his/her country
Glorify
make improvements; make more beautiful
Calf Bearer
Archaic
560BC
Moschophoros or Calf Bearer
dedicated to Rhonbos on the Acropolis, Athens, Greece
Marble
5'5" tall 3 dimensional
Attica
a peninsula in east-central Greece on the Aegean Sea on which Athens was built
Representive Democracy
form of government where citizens elect representatives to run the government for them
Classical
one that is market by great achievements
E* Heroes
Demigods: half god (lightning thief)
capable of great feats
heracles and theseus; arete: excellence
Seeds of Democracy
Democratic institutions arose in 750 B.C. Greek armies were mostly common citizens. When the demand for a voice in gonvernment took revolt, soldier-citizens were led by ambitous aristocrats called tyrants.
Ptolemy of Alexandria
astronomer whose geocentric model of the universe was accepted for over 1500 years
pelopenesian war
war between athens and sparta that soon had everybody in it and lasted for 27 years which ended the athenian domination
heinrich schliemann
proved the trojan war took place by finding evidence of fire and war
spartan confederation (4: s,c,t,& d)
sparta, corinth, thebes, & delphi
Sparta's Iron Way
Sparta went down when Athens went up. Spartan life was a military "boot camp" where boys were trained to become Greece's great warriors.
A small community that is self governed
What are City States?
persians tried to invade Greece
what caused the persian war to start?
What positive effects did the climate in Greece have on the people living there?
1. The moderate climate had about 320 days a year of sunshine, therefore everything was outdoors.
2.Due to the moderate climate, grapes, olives, wheat, and barley were harvested all year long.
/ 370
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online