Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
heliocentric
sun-centered
polis
Greek city-state
logic
rational thinking
Mycenaean culture
...
Sophocles
Wrote Antigone
plebeians
Rome's common people
legislature
law making body
Jesus of Nazareth
...
Hestia
Goddess of the hearth
Aristotle
Greatest student of Plato
constantinople
Byzantium renamed after constantine
Results of Alexanders conquests
...
accomplishments in classical period
art
science
philosophy
literature
history
theater
Poseidon
Greek god of the sea
monarchy
government under a single ruler
dictators
Rulers with almost absolute power
Homer
wrote the Iliad and Odyssey
imperialism
establishing control over foreign lands and peoples
Areas where Roman Republic expanded
...
When was Sparta created?
9th century
constitutional government
a government under law
they have no written language
dorians
Philosophy
the search for wisdom or knowledge
The Roman land holding upper class
Particians
direct democracy
each person's dicision directly affects the outcome of a vote.
Plato
writings examined the concepts of freedom of conscience, the nature of reality, the existence of the soul, ideal government, and the way to lead a virtuous and happy life
popes
bishops of Rome in Latin-speaking west
engineering
application of science and mathematics to develop useful structures and machines
Assassinated
murderd by a sudden, violent, attack
How many kings does Sparta have?
two
What was installed in Athens?
30 tyrants
traveling tutors who taught wealthy young men
sophists
the earliest settlers in rome-750 BC
latins
Tarquin
Who was the last king od Rome?
Hippocrates
Who changed the way ancient people thought about modern medicine?
This philosopher was executed for his teachings
Socrates
plebeian
in the Roman republic, considered as one of the common people; no power
Athens/Sparta
two Greek city-states that battled in the Peloponnesian Wars
Herodotus
investigated the causes of the Persian Wars
Types of Government
monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, and democracy
Pythagoras
derived a formula to calculate the relationship between the sides of a right triangle
clergy
group of people who conduct Christian services
Christianity
a religion that developed out of Judaism which is based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Socrates
He developed a question- and- answer approach to teaching and believed in absolute standards for truth and justice
What was a Spartan lower class called?
Inferior
Who was the Spartan general that defeated Athens?
Lysander
Republic
Means "public things". A form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens can vote
Roman Arts
Glasswork, pottery and sculpture were important to the Romans as well as their spectator sports. They enjoyed physical competition and much of their arts reflect this. They enjoyed gladiators, wrestling and other strenuous activities.
their invasion of greece begins the greek dark ages
dorians
Its Geography
What influenced the way that ancient Greeks lived?
dictator
the absolute ruler of a city or country
Alexander the Great is responsible for creating this new culture
Hellenistic Civilization
geographical features of Greece
islands, high mountains, seas, lowlands, deep inlets, and protected bays
Roman Empire
all the land around the Medditeranean Sea
dictatorship
form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority;
citizen
had to be adult male landowners with military service
martyrs
people who suffer or die for their beliefs
consuls
senaters nominate 2 of these from the patrician class
empire
a nation or group of territories ruled by a powerful leader, or emperor
Who was the fourth king of Rome?
Ancus Marcius
Who was the sixth king of Rome?
Servius Tullius
The Edict of Milan
proclaimed official tolerance of Christianity
when julius caesar was assassinated. the 15th of march
ides of march
they were conquered by the mycenean people in 1400 BC
the minoans
Consul
one of two chief leaders in the Roman Replublic
The Greeks invented these forms of entertainment
Drama & Comedy
Roman Republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Which Greek god was the main ruler of all the gods?
Zeus
Antigone and Oedipus Rex
two of Sophocles' most famous works
Athens
the capital of Greece and once one of the largest ancient city-states
Pax Romana
The period of peace and prosperity in Rome that began in 27 BC and lasted for 207 years
What two reforms did Solon bring?
Agriculture and Political rights
Nero
He was a Roman Emperor who thought he was a great entertainer. He was also accused of burning Rome and he persecuted Christians.
in this period of time greek city states were no longer prominent politically, but accomplishments are preserved
hellenistic era
Etruscans and Greeks
What were the two main places that influenced the culture of ancient Rome?
council of elders
small group of Spartans who made all the important governing decisions
ostracism
the process of to vote to send away a public figure whom they saw as a threat to their democracy
What was the sixth king of Rome known for?
Army reform
he became a threat to the senate. he returns to rome and proclaims himself "dictator for life"
julius caesar
What were the Twelve Tables?
was 12 bronze tablets that recorded important legal concepts
Why was the economy rudimentary?
Technology resulted in low levels of production, subsistence farming, transportation diffiuclt, and absense of market so no surplus
What types of games took place in the Circus Maximus?
chariot racing and gladiators
Who held all of the power in Rome, how many were there, and what was their most important power?
consul, 2, Imperium
Architectural Advances of Rome

250 BC
The Romans were quite remarkable in their building skills and understanding of architectural needs. They built roads that are still in use today as well as sewers, aqueducts and of course, great temples and the coliseum.
What areas did the plebians want reforms on?
holding of public land, nexum (debt bondage), and high office
Why were the Alps helpful to Romans?
it was great for protection and it provided fertile land for farming and trade
Birth, ministry and death of Christ

3 BC to 30 AD
Few men in the world have brought about such change and good as did the man called Jesus, the Christ Savior. Born in Bethlehem when Caesar Augustus decreed a census to be taken, his life, ministry and ultimate death on the cross at Calvary, and His resurrection and ascension would challenge much of the Roman Empire and ultimately bring great change to the empire as well as the world.
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