Ancient Greece Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
artisan
person
eupatrid
literally, well-fathered
peninsula
The Greece mainland
abstract
pure and simple
Hoplite
A heavily-armed foot soldier
Where the Dorians settled
Laconia
vendor
A seller of goods
king of Persia
Cyrus the Great
monarcy
government under a single ruler
agora
the marketplace in ancient Greece
Pericles
Wise statesman
Held popular support for 32 years
Honest and fair
Skillful Politician, inspiring speaker, and respected general
461-429 BC
Had 3 goals
To strengthen Athenian democracy
To hold and strengthen the empire
To glorify Athens
Who was the most famous philosopher?
Socrates
thermistocles
Athenian tyrant during the Persian War
phidias
Athenian sculptor who supervise the building of the Parthenon. butil a statue of zeus at olympia was one of the seven wonders of the world
Assassination
The murder of a public figure
Mount Olympus
the tallest mountain in Greece
Olympics
ancient Greek festival of athletic games
Aristotle
philosopher who became the teacher of Alexander the Great
Education
Athens- boys got the educations, girls taught to take care of the house. Sparta girls and boys got miltary training.
homer
a storyteller whp wrote famous epics "The Illaid"
Athena
Goddess of wisdom, Athens named after her
socrates
philosopher and teacher, had a great desire to understand things, said, "a wise man is one who knows nothing," athenians blamed him when his students tried to overthrow the government, he was tried and condemned to death, and died in 399 B.C. after drinking hemlock poison
Gorgons
three ugly sisters with scales, claws and fangs; turn man into stone; dwell the earth and one was Medusa
city-state
a city with its own tradition, government, and law
Athens
a city-state in ancient Greece; the capital of modern-day Greece
Philosopher
person who searches for the truth and meaning of life
Alexandria
City in Egypt founded by Alexander the Great, center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization.
tyrant
a powerful person is in control of everything, gaons power by appealing to the poor
Acropolis
a large hill in ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs
Helios and his horses Dionysos
(Herakles?)
East pediment, Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece
Marble
4'3" height
assembly
a lawmaking body of government made up of a group of citizens
oracle
in ancient Greece, a sacred site where a god or goddess was consulted; any priest or priestess who spoke for the gods
oligarchy
A government in which only a few people have power
jury
a group of citizens chosen to hear evidence and make decisions in a court of law
blockade
an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies
Direct Democracy
every citizen (only men) vote. this is how it was in ancient greece
legislature
a group of people who have the power to make laws
Cyrus the Great
famous for how he treated conquered people
What events would they include?
Horse races, Charriot races, and wrestling
Citizen in Athens
Male, 18 years old, born to citizen parents
Who held the power of government in Greek city states? How was the voice of the people heard?
Monarchy-King or Queen; Oligarchy-Council of Elders; Tyranny-A tyrant; Democracy-The citizens. Usually through voting
persians provided sparta with money to build a fleet of warships
what was the main strategy that led to victory in the peloponnesian war?
Sparta
...
largest greek island
crete
BC/BCE
Before Christ/Before Common Era
Phillip II
king of Macedonia
Cavalry
Group of soldiers on horseback
themistocles
Athenian statesman who persuaded Athens to build a navy and then led it to victory over the Persians (527-460 BC)
Rhodes & Crete
2 largest islands
Hellenistic
describing greece historyor culture after the death of Alexander the Great
Plato
Greek philosopher and student of Socrates
King Phillip
a king who united Greece
Who won the Peloponnesian wars?
The Spartans
Idiote
doesn't participate in political or public life of polis
What is Brenna Vincent's least favorite fruit?
Peaches!
odysseus
(main character) Son of Laertes and Anticleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero. Came up with the idea of the Trojan horse which led the Greeks to victory against Troy. "Man of many wiles".
ionia
Region of Greek city-states in Asia Minor and on Aegean islands
astronomer
person who studies stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies
Cultural Borrowing
When two cultures trade religions, ideas, and cultures.
Stronger Democracy
Pericles increased the number of public officials who were paid salaries
Earlier in Athens, most positions were unpaid
Meaning only wealthy could serve
Now even poor citizens could serve
Athens had more citizens participating in self-government than any other city-state in Greece.
Isolated Communities
A settlement that is separated from other settlements by features such as mountains or oceans.
aristocracy
An upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another.
Sophocles
author of the plays Oedipus Rex and Antigone
rhetoric
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)
despot
a person who rules with total and unlimited control
Cleisthenes
The one who suggested in Athens that they should use their naval system to attack the Persians. It is because of the Ancient Greece's navy that the Greeks won the Battle at Salamis.
True or False? The Greeks invented the wheel
False
aristocrat
A member of the most powerful class in ancient Greek society.
elgin marbles
stone statues that were taken from the Parthenon in the early 90's by Thomas Elgin and transported to the British Museum
athenians and persians
who were the combatants of persian war?
Helen of Troy
the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris
Alexander the Great
set up Greek colonies to spread Greek culture; set up largest empire of his time
hecataeus of miltiades
ally to the king of persia but later fought with the athenians in the battle marathon against the persians
What was the one reason that Perisa Attacked Greece?
They wanted revenge because Greece had beat them.
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