Ancient Greece Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
mythology
s
Logic
rational thinking
Heroic
Brave and bold
Homer
ancient Greek poet
Apollo
Greek god of light
assassinated
murder by a rival
Ephors
only a few overseers (oligarchy)
Alexander the Great
king of Macedon
Minoans
People who built Crete
Sea traders
tries to explain the Universe
Philosophy
polis
A city-state in ancient Greece
solon
great leader of athenians, outlawed debt slavery, granted citizenship to foreigners
herodotus
first greek historian, wrote the history of the persian wars, and added some fictitious events to make his writings more interesting
Greece is part of what penninsula
Balkan
mount olympus
the highest mountain in Greece.
Lyre
Instrument used by Cult of Apollo
Shelter
A place that provides protetion from weather , such as a house
slavery
Making people do things without pay and in very harsh conditions
city-state
a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
Tryant
a ruler who seized power by force
tyranny
form of government in which ruling power is in the hands of a person who has seized control
Democracy
A system of government in which citizens vote to make government decisions
Archimedes
Discovered 3.14, law of levers, and compound pulley
argued that the universe could be explained: math (music & #s); pythagorean theorem- Geometry
Pythagoras
Acropolis
hill overlooking Athens that was the center of religious life
senate
council of men over 60 years of age
9. Phillip II passed along power to his son Alexander after his death
Macedonia
Iliad
A story about the travels of a man
comedy
a light and amusing play that pokes fun at seriouss subjects
Representative Democracy
A government where where people vote for representatives who decide on issues in their name
Tyrant
A person who takes control of a government by force
philosophy
study of the nature and meaning of life; comes from the Greek word for "love of wisdom"
Blockade
an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies
myth
a story with gods and goddesses that explains a natural occurence
Peloponnesian War
(431-404 B.C.) a war fought between Athens and Sparta in ancient Greece, involving almost every other Greekd city-state
Monarch
A single ruler who holds all the power in country or empire
Direct Democracy
citizens take part directly in the day to day affairs of government
barbarian
a person who belongs to a group that others consider wild or unciviliezed
Trojan War
A war (around 1200 B.C.), in which an army lead by Mycenaean kings attacked the city of Troy in Anatolia. Legend says a Mycenaen army destroyed Troy because a Trojan prince had kidnapped Helen, the wife of a their king.
Rules and Order
750 BC- City-states began to be the most important government structure
Polis- City-State- fundamental political unit in ancient Greece
City and surrounding area- included numerous villages
About 50-500 square miles
About 10,000 people- pretty small population
Agora- market place
Acropolis- fortified hilltop
Citizens gathered here to discuss politics, civics, etc.
Name 3 items you will find at the agora
Rats, Grapes, and Horses
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