Ancient Greece FINAL REVIEW_1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
barbarians
uncivilizied people
Athens
Developed a democracy
Aristophanes
He wrote comedies
plague
a wide-spread disease
polis
Greek word for city-state
Euclid
spent life studying mathematics
acropolis
The city centre of Athens
greeks
who won the trojan war?
Peloponnesus
peninsula where Sparta was located
Pericles
an accomplished politician, orator, and general ○ Led Athens for 32 years; "Age of Pericles"
Draco
Athenian appointed by the Athenian archons to bring order to Athens. His solution was to enact very harsh laws, and the result was not a success. From this we get the adjective draconian
Mantiklos ApolloOrientalizing700-680BC
from Thebes, GreeceBronze 8" high
Acronym for Playwrights
ASE: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides
metaphysics
the branch of philosophy that investigates principles of reality transcending those of any particular science, traditionally including cosmology and ontology. It is also concerned with explaining the ultimate nature of being and the world.
Hellenistic
describing Greek history or culture after the death of Alexander the Great, including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexander's empire
Aeschylus
author of the Oresteia trilogy of plays
Monarchy
Heriditary ruler like a kingc. 2000 - 950 BCEathens ruled by monarchs like the mythical King AegeusOther aristrocats wanted power, an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
mesopotamians
a native or inhabitant or Mesopotamia; the land between the Tigris and Euphrates
oracle
sacred shrine where a priest or priestess spoke for a god or goddess.
contribution
the act of giving or doing something
olympic games
the ancient Panhellenic celebration at Olympia in honor of Zeus
Sparta
Located in the southern part of GreecePeloponnesusSparta was almost cut off from the rest of GreeceGulf of CorinthSparta contrasted sharply with other city-statesBuilt a military state
The Trojan War
Myceneans had allies called Achaeans. Troy or Illium was located in Asia minor. Paris, a trojan youth kidnapped Helen, the wife of Menelaus. Helen called herself the "face that launched a thousand ships". The Trojan War was to wiln her back and get revenge on Troy. Soon after the war the Dorians destroyed the Mycenean's civilization and palaces. Dorians spoke Greek dialect but wasn't as advanced.
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia who conquered Persia
Who won the battle of Thermopylae?
The Persian won
Zeus' fav daughter , patron goddess of Athens was ...
Athena
The Golden Mean
a moderate course between the extremesAristotle felt people should live their lives in good conduct.
Socrates
One of the philosophers of his time. He tutored Plato.
citizen
a person who has the right to participate in government
tribute
a payment made by a less powerful state or nation to a more powerful one
agora
a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
Zeus
The ruler of all the Greek gods and goddesses.
phillip of macedon
ambitious King of Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great. to raise the economic and cultural level of his people, to unite the Greek city states under Macedonian rule, to lead a combined Greek/Macedonian army against the Persian Empire
fortified area at the top of the hill; temples and shrines (Polis)
Acropolis
An Outdoor Life
Greeks spent almost all of their time outdoors. While outside Greeks could stay in the sun, participate in theater, in marketplace, on the wharves, in the Assembly or in the gymnasium. So it seemed that fresh air opened up the Greek mind.
more ships, more power
why was the strategy effective at the peloponnesian war?
1 event in the battle of Thermopolae
The Greeks fought off the Persiand for two days, but a Greek traitor showed the Persians a way aroudn the island. This lead the Greeks to defeat. But the sacrifice of the Spartan soldiers saved the rest of the Greek army.
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