PSYCHOLOGY 3341 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Storm and Stress
Hall's term for he emotional up and downs and rapid changes that he believed characterized adolescence.
Socioeconomic Status (SES)
The position people hold in society based on such factors as income, education, occupational status, and the prestige of their neighborhoods.
Social Clock
A personal sense of when things should be done in life and when the individual is ahead of or behind the schedule dictated by age norms.
An openness of the brain cells to positive and negative environmental influence; a capacity to change in response to experience.
Nature vs. Nature
The debate over the relative importance of biological predispositions and environment as determinants of human development.
In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach, the immediate settings in which the person functions. I.E. the Family
In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach, interrelationships between microsystems or immediate environments.
Developmental changes that are biologically programmed by genes rather than caused primarily by leaning, injury, illness, or some other life experience.
In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach, the larger cultural or subcultural context of development
A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from a person's experiences or practices.
Life Expectancy
Average number of years a newborn baby can be expected to live.
Lifespan Perspective
A perspective that views development as a lifelong, multidirectional process that involves gain and loss,is characterized by considerable plasticity, shaped by its historical-cultural context has many causes and is best viewed from a multidisciplinary perspective.
The study of aging and old age
A functional unit of heredity made up of DNA and transmitted from generation to generation.
Events of conditions outside the person that are presumed to influence and be influenced by the individual
Emerging Adulthood
Newly identified period of the span extending from about the age of 18 to age 25, when young people are exploring their identities, careers, and relationships.
Evidence-Based Practice
Grounding what they do in research and ensuring that the curriculum and treatments they provide have been demonstrated to be effective.
A person's classification in or affiliation with a group based on common heritage or traditions.
In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach, settings not experienced directly by individuals still influence their development.
In Bronfenbrenner's bioecological approach, the system that captures the way changes in environmental systems, such as social trends and life events are patterned over a person's lifetime.
A system of meanings shred by a population of people and transmitted from one generation to he next.
Baby Biographics
Carefully recorded observations of the growth and developments of children by their parents over a period; the first scientific investigations of development.
Bioecological Model
Bronfenbrenner's model of development that emphasizes teh roles of both nature and nurture as the developing person interacts with a series of environmental systems (microsystem, mesosystem, exosystems, macrosystems)
Transitional period between childhood and adulthood that begins with puberty and ends when the individual has acquired adult competencies and responsibilities
Age Norms
Expectations about what people should be doing or how they should behave at different points in the life span.
A rite of passage
A ritual that marks a person's "passage" from one status to another, usually in reference from childhood to adulthood.
Age Grade
Socially defined age group in a society
Positive and negative changes to physical, cognitive, and psychosocial changes in the mature organism.
Biological Aging
Deterioration of organisms that leads to death
Physical changes that occur from conception to maturity
Systematic changes and continuities that occur in an individual from conception until death
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