Chapter 1 Introduction to Respiratory Care Pharmacology Flashcards

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Terms Definitions
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Respiratory disorder characterized by respiratory insufficiency that may occur as a result of trauma, pneumonia, oxygen toxicity, gram-negative sepsis, and systemic inflammatory response.
Aerosolized agents
Group of aerosol drugs for pulmonary application that includes adrenergic, anticholinergic, mucoative, corticosteroid, antiasthmatic, and antiinefective agents and surfactants instilled directly into the trachea.
Airway resistance (R aw)
Measures of the impedance to ventilation caused by the movement of gas through the airway.
Brand name
see trade name
Chemical name
name indicating the chemical structure of a drug.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Disease process characterized by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible, is usually progressive, and is associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lung to noxious particles or gases. Disease that cause airflow limitation include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, and bronchiectasis.
Code name
Name assigned by a manufacturer to an experimental chemical that shows potential as a drug. An example is aerosol SCH 1000, which was the code name for ipratropium bromide , a parasympatholytic bronchodilator.
Cystic fibrosis (CF)
Inherited disease of the exocrine glands, affecting the pancreas, respiratory system, and apocrine glands. Symptoms usually begin in infancy and are characterized by increased electrolytes in the sweat, chronic respiratory infection, and pancreatic insufficiency.
Drug administration
Method by which a drug is made available to the body.
Generic name
Name assigned to a chemical by the US Adopted Name (USAN) Council when the chemical appears to have therapeutic use and the manufacturer wishes to market the drug.
Nonproprietary name
Name of a drug other than its trade marked name.
Official name
In the even that an experimental drug becomes fully approved for general use an is admitted to the US Pharmacopeia-National Formulary (USP-NF) the generic name becomes the official name.
Orphan drug
Drug or biologic product for the diagnosis or treatment of a rare disease (affecting fewer than 200,000 person in the US.
Pharmacodynamics
Mechanisms of drug action by which a drug molecule causes its effect in the body.
Pharmacogenetics
Study of the interrelationship of genetic differences and drug effects.
Pharmacognosy
Identification of sources of drug, from plants and animals.
Pharmacokinetics
Time course and disposition of a drug in the body, based on its absorption , distribution, metabolism, and elimination.
Pharmacology
Study of drug (chemicals) including their origin, properties, and interactions with living organisms.
Pharmacy
Preparation and dispensing of drugs.
Pneumocystis carinii (jiroveci)
Organism causing Pneumocystis pneumonia in humans, see in immunosuppressed individuals such as those infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Prescription
Written order for a drug
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Gram-negative organism, primarily a nonsocial pathogen. It causes urinary tract infection , respiratory system infections, dermatitis, soft tissue infections, bacteremia, bone and joint infections, gastrointestinal infections, and various system infections, particularly in patients with sever burns and in pts who are are immunosuppressed (e.g , patients with cancer or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS) .
Respiratory care pharmacology
Application of pharmacology to the treatment of pulmonary disorders and , more broadly, critical care.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
Virus that causes the formation of syncytial masses in cells. This leads to inflammation of the bronchioles, which may cause respiratory distress in young infants.
Therapeutics
Art of treating disease with drugs
Toxicology
Study of toxins substances and their pharmacologic actions, including antidotes and poison control.
Trade name
Brand name, or proprietary name, given by a particular manufacturer.
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