Psych - ch 1 vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Psychology
Scientific study of behavior and mental process
Behavior
Any action that people can observe or measure
Cognitive activities
Metal processes - dreams
Theory
A statement that attempts to explain the why things are the way they are and happen the way they do
Principle
A rule or law - more studying = better grades
Psychological constructs
Theoretical entities or concepts that enable one to discuss something that cannot be seen
Introspection
Method of learning about ourselves by "looking within"
Associationism
Experiences remind us of similar experiences in the past
William Wundt ?
Structuralism
William James?
Functionalism
Structuralism
Concerned with studying the basic elements of consciousness
Functionalism
Concerned with how the mental process helped organisms adapt
John b. Watson ?
Behavioralism
B. f. Skinner ?
Reinforcement
Gestalt psychology
Perceptions are more then the sum of their parts
Sigmund Freud ?
School of psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis
Emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives and internal conflict in dear timing human behavior
Psychodynamic thinking
Assumed that most of what exists in a humans mind is unconscious and consists of conflicting urges
Biological prospective
Emphasizes the influences of biology on our behavior
Evolutionary perspective
Focuses on the evolution of behavior and mental processes
Cognitive perspective
Emphasizes the role that thoughts play in determining behavior
Humanistic perspective
Stresses the human capacity for self fulfillment and the importance of consciousness and the capacity to make choices
Psychoanalytical perspective
Stresses the influence of unconscious forces on human behavior
Learning perspective
Emphasizes the effects of experience on behavior
Social learning theory
People can change there environment or create new ones
Sociocultural perspective
Studies the influences of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status on behavior and the mental process
Ethnic group
United by their cultural heritage, race, religion, language or common history
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