MAV List 2.1.1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
antithesis (an TI thuh sis) <noun>
a direct opposite, a contrast
Sentence: Good in the antithesis of evil.
austere (aw STEER) <adjective>
strict, stern; unadorned, ascetic
Sentence: Pioneers usually led an austere existence.
banal (BANE ul) <adjective>
common, ordinary, lacking freshness, hackneyed
Sentence: Because of his use of overused trite remarks, his speeches are banal.
capricious (kuh PRISH us) <adjective>
changing suddenly, fickle
Sentence: Her capricious moods are difficult to predict.
defamation (def uh MAY shun) <noun>
act of harming or ruining another’s reputation
Sentence: The defamation of another’s character is a horrible thing.
exacerbate (ig ZAS ur bate) <verb>
to aggravate, to irritate, to vex
Sentence: You will only exacerbate the situation if you try to call her.
fastidious (fa STID ee us) <adjective>
reflecting a meticulous or demanding attitude, critical to an extreme
Sentence: He considered her fastidious because she was offended by insignificant mistakes or errors.
gregarious (greh GAR ee us) <adjective>
sociable and outgoing
Sentence: He became much more gregarious after he developed an interest in girls.
innate (eh NATE) <adjective>
existing from birth, inborn
Sentence: He has innate athletic talents that cannot be taught.
melancholy (MEL un kol ee) <noun or adjective>
a depression of spirits; mournful or depressed
Sentence: (noun example) After Dad lost his job, he fell into a state of melancholy. (adjective example) She has been in a melancholy mood since she returned from the funeral.
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