Online music quiz #1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
pitch
how high or low a note is. measured in (Hz)
timbre
"musical color" or quality of music sound
dynamics
the volume of a musical sound
rhythm
how music is organized into patterns
aerophone
instruments that require air to make sound. examples: trumpet, reeds, flutes
chordophone
having one or more strings stretched between 2 points. examples: *lutes, *zithers (piano), harps, and lyres
idiophone
instrument that produces sound through vibration. examples: rattles, bells, various percussion instruments
membranophone
have a vibrating stretched membrane as the principle means of sound. examples: drums
tuning system
all the pitches common to a musical tradition.
melody
an organized succession of pitches
melodic contour
the general direction and shape of a melody
range
refers to the span of pitches a given instrument or voice is capable of producing
scale
set of pitches (do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti, do)
interval
the distance between 2 pitches
ornamentation
modifies the original music idea (performers improvising on a melody)
beat
a regular pulsation of sound
tempo
rate or speed of the beat
rhythmic density
how much "stuff" is going on around the beat
meter
collection or grouping of beats
accent
an emphasized beat
phonic structure
the relationship between different sounds
monophony
music with a single melodic line
polyphony
overlapping of multiple lines of music
homophony
multiple lines of music expressing the same musical idea
independent polyphony
2 or more lines of music
heterophony
SIMULTANEOUS variations of the same lines of music
etic
outside point of view
emic
inside point of view
music textures
monophony, homophony ( barbershop quartet), polyphony, heterophony
ethnocentric
thinking your point of view is normal and other cultures are weird or abnormal
cultural relativism
trying to accept and understand where other cultures are coming from
bi-musicality
going into a culture and becoming proficient at their music
popular music
disseminated by the media, more accessible to everyone
folk music
oral tradition, usually family or community brought up
classical music
performed exactly as notated, learned formally with specialized training
musicology + anthropology
ethnomusicology
musicology
study of folk music
anthropology
studying culture
definite pitch
a pitch with the same frequency range
indefinite pitch
a pitch with NO single dominant frequency
text setting: syllabic
one pitch per syllable
text setting: melismatic
many pitches per syllable
arrangement
notes chosen and rhythm to put a piece together
form
structure of music
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