Chapter 1 Flashcards

Medical Terminlogy
Terms Definitions
aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancerous; cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cis/o
to cut
crin/o
to secrete (to form and give off)
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac of cyst (sac containing fluid)
cyt/o
cell
derm/o
dermat/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
encephala/o
brain
enter/o
intestines (usually small intestines)
erythr/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
glyc/o
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
gynec/o
woman; female
hemat/o
hem/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
iatr/o
treatment; physician
leuk/o
white
log/o
study of
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
ped/o
child
psych/o
mind
radi/o
x-rays
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
sect/o
to cut
thromb/o
clot; clotting
ur/o
urinary tract; urine
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision; removal
-emia
blood condition
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
-globin
protein
-gram
record
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
-ion
process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-olgy
process of study
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy
process of viewing
-osis
condition, usually abnormal
-pathy
disease condition
-scope, -scopy
instrument to visually examine
-sis
state of; condition
-tomy
processes of cutting; incision
-y
process, condition
a-, an-
no, not, without
aut-, auto-,
self, own
dia-
complete, through
endo-
within
epi-
above, upon
ex-, exo-
out, outside of, outward
hyper-
excessive, above, more then normal
hypo-
deficient, below, under, less than normal
in-
into, in
peri-
surrounding, around
pro-
before, forward
re-
back, backward, again
retro-
behind
sub-
below, under
trans-
across, through
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Definition:

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