Vocabulary Flashcards

ex red makes
Terms Definitions
Shape
flat enclosed area within a defined outline (geometric, etc.)
Color
hue that has been assigned to the visual spectrum
*can be used to capture something realistically or in symbolic terms
*can be used to convey emotion
*can influence us on a subconscious level (ex red makes us hungry)
Light
used to enhance or obscure our perception of a shape (2D or 3D)
*can be used as a material
*can affect perception of color
*can affect us mentally
Line
mark who's length is bigger than it's width
*4 types: contour, outline, implied line, direction and movement
Outline
refer to the perimeter of a 2D shape without line variation
Contour
describes distinct sections that have line variation and spatial depth
*denotes 3D form
*establishes overlapping shapes from within
Implied Line
drawn line having missing areas that are visually completed by the viewer
*used as a sense of motion and flow
Direction and Movement
Have horizontal, vertical, and diagonal lines
Texture
appears to be tactile
*2 types: visual and tactile
Visual Texture
created by stimulating the surface of composition; can't touch
Tactile Texture
We can feel; tangible
Mass
has 3D volume and occupies space
*can have height, width, and depth
Motion/Kinetic
works of art that move or have moveable elements
*deals with light/shadow
Space
3D-relates to sculpture and architecture
2D-give illusion of 3D
Unity
sense of oneness and order; things belong together
Variety
sense of difference, confusion, chaos, and disorder
Rhythm
form of repetitive elements that are usually seen in a composition as a pattern
*has to be more than one element
*3 types: progressive, alternating, chaotic
Balance
2 types: symmetrical and asymmetrical
Symmetrical Balance
achieved by distributing equal weight evenly throughout composition
*order, harmony, and authority
Asymmetrical Balance
achieved by arranging dissimilar elements existing in groups of visual weight (2D surface; illusion of physical weight)
Emphasis
create a visual hierarchy
draw our attention to one or more parts
Subordination
Less interesting elements
Scale
size in relation to a standard or normal
Proportion
refers to size relationships of parts as a whole
Composition
the arrangement of formal elements within a work of art
*changes depending on the artist's/designer's needs
Subject Matter
specific idea of an artwork
Content
underlying meaning of an image
can go beyond subject matter
(example: vase with flower really represents sex)
Focal Point
center of visual attention (color, shape, texture)
going to one singular element
Style
specific attributes and characteristics consistent in a body o artwork
-historical context
-cultural tradition of an artist
Aesthetics
awareness of:
-beauty OR
-that quality in a work of art....
Media
materials used to make a work of art
-2 types (traditional and nontraditional)
Traditional-paint, stone, wood, clay
Nontraditional-food, bodily fluids, carcass
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