Captain Nonsense Flashcards

Incident Command System
Terms Definitions
NFPA 1021
Std for fire officer
Fire officer 1 supervises
Small admin or technical group
Fire officer 2 supervises
Larger groups performing specialized services
NFPA 1041
Std for fire service instructor
IAFC term for company officer
Supervising company officer
Incident command system
Roles and responsibilities of personnel and operating procedures used in emergency operations
IAFC term for fire officer 2
Managing fire officer
Consensus document
Final result presented to public with building codes or fire codes
Chain of command
Main organizational structure of fire dept
Discipline definition
Guidelines that a dept sets for firefighters
4 functions of mangmt
Planning. Organizing. Leading. Controlling
Planning
Develop a scheme, program, method that is worked out beforehand to accomplish goal
Organizing
Putting together into an orderly, functional, structured whole
Leading
Guiding or directing in a course of action
Controlling
Restraining, regulating, governing, counteracting, or overpowering
Rules and regs
Developed by various gov't or gov't authorized orgs to implement a law that has passed by a gov't body
Policies
Developed to provide definite guidelines for present and future actions
SOP's
Written directives to establish operational or admin methods to be followed routinely for the performance of operations
Pendleton act
Established civil service system and a model for promotions for govt employees
Fire officer's tasks
Shift report, notifications, decision making, and problem solving
Fire officer 3 roles
Supervisor, commander, trainer
Effective activities to work w/ supervisor
Keep supervisor informed, make decisions at your level of responsibility, consult with supervision before discipline or policy changes
2 traits officer must have
Integrity and ethical behavior
Actionable items
Behaviors that require an immediate corrective action by supervisor
Management definition
Using available resources to achieve desired results
Scientific management
The breakdown of work tasks into constituent elements
Humanistic management
Emphasis on human need and attitude, motivation comes from employee
Accountability checks done when?
Sudden operating change, flashover or collapse, From offensive to defensive attack
NFPA 1581
Std on fire dept infection control
Training
Process of achieving proficiency through instruction and hands-on practice in the operation of equipment and systems
Coaching
Directing, instructing, and training a person or group of people with the aim to achieve a goal
4 step method of training
Preparation, presentation, application, evaluation
3 indicators training is needed
Near miss, fire-ground problem, observed performance deficiency
Mentoring
A more experienced person, helps a less experienced person
NFPA 1403
Std on live fire training
Performance log
List of FF's activities by date and brief description of performance
T-account
Listing assets and liabilities of FF on T tree
Leadership
Person influences others to accomplish a mission, task, or o he tube and directs organization to make it more cohesive
3 leadership styles
Autocratic, democratic, laissez-faire
Autocratic leader
Iron hand approach. Officer needs to maintain high personal control of group
Democratic leader
Consultative approach uses all ingenuity and resourcefulness of group to determine how to meet objective
Laissez-faire leader
Free rein style moves desicion making from officer to individuals
Power
Capacity of one party to influence another party
Problem
Difference between current situation and desired situation
Plot plan
Provides exterior views of structure
Floor plan
Provides interior views of structure
Fuel load
Total quantity of all the combustible products in a room or space
Model codes
Developed by organization such as NFPA and available for adoption by jurisdiction
NFPA 220
Std on building construction
Type I construction
Fire resistive
Type II construction
Non combustible
Type III construction
Limited combustible or ordinary
Type IV construction
Heavy timber
Type V construction
Wood frame
NFPA 1561
Std on emergency services ICS
NIMS
Allows for efficient, effective and collaborative incident mangmt across all incident response organizations
ICS
Within NIMS command and mangmt component
3 levels of command in ICS
Strategic level, tactical level, task level
Strategic level of command
Overall direction and goals are set here. IC always functions at this level
Tactical level of command
Define actions necessary to achieve the strategic goals. Components are divisions, groups, or units
Task level of command
The actions required to achieve the tactical objectives. Physical work is accomplished
Incident commander
Individual responsible for mangmt of all incident operations. 3 priorities-life safety, incident stabilization, property conservation
3 command options
Investigation, fast attack, command mode
Investigation mode of command
First arriving company performs investigation
Fast-attack mode of command
Requires immediate action by first arriving company to save a life
Command mode of command
Large, complex incident requires establishment of command before anything by first arriving company
Division
Geographical operation
Group
Functional operation
Branch
Supervisory level established in either the operations or logistics function to provide span of control
Task force
2-5 single resources that are assembled to accomplish a specific task
Layman 5-step size-up
Facts, probabilities, situation, decision, plan of operation
3 questions needing answers on size-up
What do I have? Whr is it going? How do I control it?
Layman 7 tactical priorities
Rescue, exposures, confinement, extinguishment, overhaul, ventilation, salvage
Service branch
On high rise incident, responsible for communications and FF rehab
Support branch
On high rise incident, responsible for ensuring adequate supplies, personnel, and equipment
Point of origin
Exact location whr heat source and fuel come in contact with each other
Source of ignition
Energy source that cause the material to ignite
Good driver...
Proceeds defensively never demanding the right of way
Largest factor in total stopping distance
Speed
Multiple apparatus responding
Use the offset pattern to be noticed
Wet roadways require
35-40% more stopping distance than dry
Goal of IC on 1st in company
Achieve maximum effectiveness from all resources working together
Factors for aerial to reach objective
Setback, height of object, length of aerial, presence of hazards
Size up made up of 3 parts
Analysis, decision, implementation
Conventional construction
Larger sized structural members. Usually 2x6 and above. 8x8 and above for structural members
Lightweight contruction
Mainly uses 2x4 construction. Relies on sum of its members for strength
6 roof categories
Gable, hip, bridge truss, arch, flat, sawtooth
Gable roof strong points
Ridge, hips, valleys and area whr rafter cross the outside walls
Hip roof strengths
Ridge pole, valley rafters, hip rafters, rafters cross the outside wall
Bridge truss strengths
Strong points are around the perimeter
Arch roof strengths
Strong points are along the perimeter
Sawtooth roof strengths
Perimeter of building and areas near glass panels
Flat roof strengths
Strength is around the perimeters
Flat roof strengths
Strengths are beams, purlins, and along perimeter. Purlins usually 8ft off center. Joists are 24" on center
2 types of elevators
Electric and hydraulic
Elevator brakes
Will initiate if car is running 20% above top rated speed
3 forcible entry methods
Conventional, through the lock, power tool
4 types of doors
Swinging, sliding, overhead , revolving
Min ladder on truck ft?
115ft
Preemptive salvage
Protecting contents of room before opening ceilings
Party wall
Separate one occupancy from another
Partition wall
Divide areas or rooms into smaller areas or to separate one portion of area from another. Floor to ceiling
Division wall
Travel thru ceiling and project above roof 18-24in. Barrier for fire extension
Exterior wall
Outer shell of structures. Main support for roof assemblies
Top priority in overhaul ops
Safety of ff personnel
Salvage
Saving or rescuing property in danger
Direct loss
Damage caused by fire, heat, and products of combustion
Indirect loss
Damage caused by operations used to control fire
Goal of suppression ops
Suppression in a timely manner while minimizing loss
Salvage begins...
Whr the greatest loss is expected
Salvage in office setting
Top priority to save accts receivables.
Salvage objectives
Protect structure and contents and water removal
RIT personnel
Provide safety backup for personnel in IDLH environment
Ventilation definition
Systematic procedures to redirect and remove fire, smoke, heat and gases from structure
Positive pressure vent more popular...
It is more effective and increases ff safety
May NOT want positive pressure vent?
Balloon construction, attic fires, unclear location of fire, vent enter search, search and rescue, overhaul, trench rescue
Education
Acquisition of knowledge usually thru academic means such as college
Training
Transfer of knowledge regarding vocational or technical skills
Instructor obligations to...
Student, organization, profession, themselves
Sensory stimulus theory
Remembering things because they have tapped into 1 of 5 senses
Cone of learning
Visual picture of the percentages of info humans retain using their senses
Andragogy
The art if teaching adults
3 domains of learning
Cognitive, psychomotor, affective
Cognitive learning
Foundation for other 2 domains. Learns the knowledge in this phase
Psychomotor learning
The hands on training of the knowledge
Affective learning
The attitude of how individuals deal with the issues of the knowledge
Lesson plan
Guides instructor thru the topic and instructional methods to teach the topic
4 step method of instruction
Preparation, presentation, application, evaluation
Most prevalent approach to teaching in fire service
Instructor led training
Act of commission
Wrongful act resulting in harm
Act of omission
Neglecting to take an action that could have prevented harm
Vicarious liability
Blame for the actions of one person can be placed on another
Record
Permanent acct of past events/actions taken by individual, unit, or organization
Report
Official accts of an incident, response, or event, either verbally or in writing
Policy
Organizational principle that is developed and adopted as a basis for decision making
Procedure
Outline the steps that must be performed in order to properly follow and organizational policy
Guidelines
Stmt that identifies a general philosophy. May be part of policy
Steps for building collapse
Site survey, surface search, void search
Dangers during collapse
Secondary collapse, explosion, fire
Squeeze through accident
Most common. Engine tries to squeeze into tight areas between things
Rollover
Sudden, sporadic flash of flame mixed with smoke appearing at the upper ceiling level just before flashover
Flashover
The explosion of a smoke filled room into flame, after rollover
Flameover
Rapid flame spread over one or more surfaces during a fire, caused by the sudden ignition of combustible vapors
Setback
Distance from the street line to the front of the building
Manual pull fire alarm
No higher than 4.5ft and no lower than 3.5ft
Building construction rating numbers
4-4-3. Fire resistance (hrs) of exterior bearing walls. Fire resistance (hrs) of structural frames or columns that support floors. Fire resistance (hrs) of floor construction
Heat release rate
Total amt of heat produced or released to the atmosphere
Steiner tunnel test
Test used to measure flammability of interior finishes
Active vs passive fire protection
Active-extinguishes or controls a fire. Passive-limits the spread of fire
Fire partition
Interior wall that subdivide a floor or area of a building but are not fire walls
Shoring vs underpinning
Shoring is temporary supports while underpinning is permanent supports
Wood qualities
Never dimensionally true. Stronger in direction of load with respect to grain. Has a useful tensile strength
Heat of combustion
Total amt of thermal energy that could be released if the fuel were completely burned
Concrete strength
Strong in compression and weak in tension
Hight of high rise
Building more than 75ft from street level to bottom of highest occupied story
Smoke proof exit enclosures
In all stairs serving floors 75ft or higher
2 types of collapses
Nature cause and human cause
NFPA 1033
Std for qualifications of fire investigator
Investigator works under
The incident management system at all times under IC
Minimum investigator PPE for
Head, eyes, hands and feet
3 radioactive particles
Alpha-bounce off clothes, Beta-thru clothes, Gamma-thru clothes and skin
Explosion scene perimeter
Should be a minimum of 1.5 times distance of farthest piece of debris
Ignition
Point whr 3 elements of fire triangle come together and combustion occurs
Piloted ignition
Moment when a mixture of fuel and oxygen encounter an external heat source w/ sufficient heat energy to start combustion
Autoignition
Ignition that occurs when a substance is heated to initiate or cause self sustained combustion without external ignition source
Autoignition temperature
Temperature at which autoignition occurs thru the spontaneous ignition of the gases or vapors emitted by a heated material
Heat release rate depends on
Type, quantity, and orientation of fuel
Heat of combustion
Total amt of energy released when a specific amt of that fuel is oxidized
Mechanical explosions
BLEVE is most common. Increased pressure inside confined container
Nonseated explosion
Most common explosion investigator will encounter
Sprinkler systems control
Approx 94% of all fires
IC must do this at IDLH environment
Must form a RIC team and maintain it
Downed FF, trapped, injured
Immediately call another alarm
RIC team tools
Full PPE and SCBA, big beam flashlight, drop bag, forcible entry tool, RIC pack, and TIC
FSO paid out of....
102625 acct. Can not cash out comp time
/ 175
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