Philosophy Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Absolutism
The view that certain kinds of actions are always wrong or are always obligatory, whatever the consequences.
Absurd
Contrary to reason or beyond the limits of rational thought; paradoxical, nonsensical, or meaningless.
Aesthetics
Branch of philosophy that studies beauty and taste, including their specific manifestations in the tragic, the comic, and the sublime.
Alienation
Extreme separation from one's own nature, from the products of one's labor, or from social reality, which often results in an indifference or outright aversion toward some aspect of life that might otherwise be attractive and significant.
Altruism
Belief that an agent's moral decisions should be guided by consideration for the interests and well-being of other people rather than merely by self-interest, as egoism would recommend.
A posteriori
Knowledge dependent upon sensory experience or empirical evidence.
A priori
Knowledge taken to be independent of sensory experience,
Art
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
Asceticism
A way of life focussing on the denial of sensual pleasures as a means of fostering spiritual development.
Atheism
Belief that god does not exist.
Authority
The informal fallacy of claiming that we ought to accept the truth of a proposition because of some personal feature of the individual who affirms it.
Autonomy
The capacity of a rational individual to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
Bad Faith
In the philosophy of Sartre, an effort to avoid anxiety by denying the full extent of one's own freedom.
/ 13
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online