The view that certain kinds of actions are always wrong or are always obligatory, whatever the consequences.
Contrary to reason or beyond the limits of rational thought; paradoxical, nonsensical, or meaningless.
Branch of philosophy that studies beauty and taste, including their specific manifestations in the tragic, the comic, and the sublime.
Extreme separation from one's own nature, from the products of one's labor, or from social reality, which often results in an indifference or outright aversion toward some aspect of life that might otherwise be attractive and significant.
Belief that an agent's moral decisions should be guided by consideration for the interests and well-being of other people rather than merely by self-interest, as egoism would recommend.
Knowledge dependent upon sensory experience or empirical evidence.
Knowledge taken to be independent of sensory experience,
the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance.
A way of life focussing on the denial of sensual pleasures as a means of fostering spiritual development.
Belief that god does not exist.
The informal fallacy of claiming that we ought to accept the truth of a proposition because of some personal feature of the individual who affirms it.
The capacity of a rational individual to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
In the philosophy of Sartre, an effort to avoid anxiety by denying the full extent of one's own freedom.