Goal 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
49ers
People that moved to California in search of gold in 1849
Worchester vs. Georgia
Supreme Court response to the Indian Removal Act. Cherokee are a "dependent nation."
Gadsen Purchase
U.S. bought bottom part of Arizona and New Mexico from Mexico
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican-American War, gave U.S.: Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, and California.
Missouri Compromise
Missouri enters the union as a slave state; the issue of slavery in the territories is decided by the 36-30 line, Slavery south of the line and free north of the line
Lewis & Clark
Explored the Louisiana Purchase
The Alamo
Mission in Texas where 187 US settlers defended themselves against Santa Anna during the Texas War for Independence, Santa Anna won this battle, became a rally cry during the Texas was v. Mexico and Mexican-American War.
Mexican War
U.S. vs. Mexico, mainly because of annexation of Texas.
Oregon Trail
Path that settlers took in moving to the Oregon Territory
White Male Suffrage
By 1830 most white males could vote, general qualifications were that they owned land, paid taxes or were members of the military.
Trail of Tears
Path that the Cherokee Indians followed as they left Georgia.
"54_40 or Flight"
Polk's slogan about Manifest Destiny and the border of the Oregon territory.
Texas Annexation
Texas asks to become part of the US, northerns opposed to slavery don't want to let Texas in while southerns want to allow Texas to become a territory of the US.
Election of 1844
James K. Polk wins the Presidential Election on the promise of Manifest Destiny.
Stephen Austin
1st to colonize Texas
Wilmot Proviso
Law that would oppose slavery in the new territories, it never passes
Indian Removal Act
President Andrew Jackson and Congress decide that Indians must move west of the Mississippi River.
Sequoyah
Developed the written Cherokee language
Alex De Tocqueville
European writer that traveled in the US recording his observations of American Life.
Henry David Thoreau
Anti-Government, "Civil Disobedience", Refused to pay his taxes, "Walden Pond", transcendentalist.
James Fenimore Cooper
American Romance Author, wrote "The Last of the Mohicans"
Noah Webster
Published the first American Dictionary
Edgar Allen Poe
Dark writer, depressed, "The Raven"
Neoclassical Architecture
Architecture that includes mixture of Greek and Roman columns with modern style.
Washington Irving
Author best known for "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle"
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Author known for writing "The Scarlet Letter"' transcendentalist.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Started the Transcendentalist Club, one time bailed Thoreau out of jail for not paying his taxes.
Hudson River School of Artistics
School for landscape artists
Samuel Morse
Invented telegraph
William Lloyd Garrison
Author of the Liberator, white man who wanted abolition immediately
Know-Nothing Party
Political Party of Nativists, know for their secret societies
Fredrick Douglass
Former slave who was outspoken about the immorality of slavery
Robert Fulton
Inverted the steamboat
Cotton Kingdom
Name applied to the south's economy
John Deere
Invented the steel plow
Erie Canal
Connected Lake Erie with the Hudson River, made NY City large trading center.
Cyrus McCormick
Invented the mechanical reaper
Industrial Revolution
Led to increased use of machines and factories in the north
Interchangeable Parts
Invented the Cotton Gin and the concept of interchangeable parts
Nativists
People who don't like immigrants
Henry clay
Founder of the Whig Party, opponent of Andrew Jackson, "Great Compromiser",American Sysyem
Monroe Doctrine
Warned Europe not to interfere with the Western Hemisphere
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Violent Slave rebellion that changes the way that the North and South view slavery, brings about tougher slave codes.
South Carolina Nullification
John C. Calhoun and his state refuse to pay a tariff on imported goods, they declare that the tariff of 1828 is unfair to the South
American System
Idea from Henry Clay, protective tariff, internal improvements, transportation system
Tariff of Abomination
The South's nickname for the 1828 protective tariff, the North wanted to protect their manufactured goods; the South did not want it because they have to pay the majority of the tax.
Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams is elected President over Andrew Jackson
Election of 1840
Martin Van Buren is defeated by William Henry Harrison for the Presidency bringing an end to Jacksonian Democracy
Spoils System
Jackson's method of picking supporters/friends for government jobs.
Panic of 1819
1st major finical crisis in the US; banks fail, people are unemployed and businesses go bankrupt.
Election of 1832
Andrew Jackson runs for re-election against Henry Clay and win easily, shows that the country supporters Jacksonian Democracy.
"Corrupt Bargain"
Henry Clay becomes Secretary of State after John Quincy Adams becomes President.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Supreme Court rules that the state of Maryland can not tax the National Bank, Established the Supremacy Clause
Pet Banks
state Banks selected by Andrew Jackson as a part of the spoils system
Dorothea Dix
Female reformer that focused on insane asylums and prison reform/rehabilitation
Susan B. Anthony
Women's suffrage activist
Utopian Community
Brook Farm, Oneida, New Harmony among others who try to be perfect communities.
Horace Mann
Massachusetts educator whose educational theories led to public schooling for children
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Wrote the Declaration of Sentiments and helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention
Lucretia Mott
Quaker minister, know as the 1st feminist
Seneca Falls
1st Women's Rights convention held in the US, held in NY in 1848
Sojourner Truth
African American abolitionist
David Walker
Called for African American pride, immediate emancipation and violent slave rebellion
Grimike Sisters
Born in SC to slave owning parents, toured the country speaking out against the evils of slavery, also women's rights advocates.
2nd Great Awakening
Revivalism that spread throughout the Northeast; dramatic, intense sermons
Quakers
Believed that all humans beings had an inner light, outspoken against slavery
Charles Grandison Finney
Leading evangelist of the 2nd Great Awakening preached about the immorality of slavery.
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