Chura A & P 1 Chapter 1 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Oxygen
A survival need that we breathe
Nutrients
Contains chemical substances used for energy and cell building
Survival Needs
Factors necessary for life. Contains chemical substances used for energy and cell building
Organ System
Organs that work together to accomplish a common purpose
Responsiveness/Excitability
The ability to sense changes in the environment and then respond to them
Chemical Level
The simplest level of structural hierarchy
Auscultation
Listening to organ sounds with a stethoscop
Systemic Anatomy
An approach of gross anatomy where the body structure is studied system by system
Regional Anatomy
An approach of gross anatomy where all structures (muscles, bones, vessels, nerves, etc.) in a particular region of the body are examined at the same time
Catabolism
A type of metabolism that breaks down substances into their simpler building blocks
Cardiovascular Physiology
Study of operation of the heart and blood vessels
Urinary System
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates H2O, electrolyte and acid-base balance of the blood
Principal of Complementarity of Structure and Function
What a structure can do depends on its specific form
Cytology
A subdivision of microscopic anatomy which considers cells of the body
Surface Anatomy
An approach of gross anatomy that studies the internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin surface
Anatomy
The study of the structure of the body
Digestion
The breaking down of ingested food stuffs to simple molecules that can be absorbed into the blood
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs, and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement. Blood cells are formed within bones. Bones store minerals.
Palpation
Feeling organs with your hands
Anabolism
A subdivision of metabolism that focuses on synthesizing more complex cellular structures from simpler substances
Movement
Activities promoted by the muscular system
Physiology
The study of the function of the body
Reproduction
Cellular level: Cell divides, producing 2 daughter cells for growth and repair

Organismal level: Sperm and fertilized egg unite
Renal Physiology
Study of kidney function and urine production
Respiratory System
Keeps blood constantly supplied with O2 and removes CO2. The gaseous exchanges occur through the walls of the air sacs of the lungs
Cardiovascular System
Blood vessels transport blood, which carries O2, CO2, nutrients, waste, etc. The heart pumps blood
Microscopic Anatomy
Study of structures too small to be seen with the naked eye
Integumentary System
Forms the external body covering, and protects deeper tissues from injury, synthesizes Vitamin D, and house cutaneous (pain, pressure, etc.) receptors and sweat and oil glands
Reproductive System
Produce offspring. Testes produce sperm and male sex hormone, and male ducts and glands aid in delivery of sperm to female reproductive tract. Ovaries produce eggs and female sex hormones. Remaining female structures are sites for fertilization and development of fetus. Mammary glands of breasts produce milk.
Developmental Anatomy
Study of structural changes that occur in the body throughout the lifespan
/ 30
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online