A two-handled jar
Ruler of ALL GODS
light armored foot soldiers
persians conquered ionian greeks
A famous philosopher from Athens
territory held by a ruler
rule by an elite few
THREE MAIN STYLES OF GREEK ARCHITECTURE - rows of overlapping leaves
traditional stories about gods and heroes, expresses religious beliefs
a Greek drama written by Aeschylus.
About the fate of the Trojan war hero, Agamemnon & his family after his return from the war; Evil acts breed more evil acts and suffering, but reason triumphs.
Famous mathematician know for his formula for a right triangle.
Wrote many famous Greek tragedies. Plays such as The Trojan Women, show the misery that war brings
one of history's greatest sculptors who lived in the golden age. sculped the famous figure the Discus Thrower
statesmen who worked to strengthen athenian empire to glorify athens
Greek philosopher who was the private teacher of Alexander the Great
the drama story ends happily
today it means a story filled with humor
Spartans used this to prevent food from reaching Athens
- invented the compound pulley, which moves heavy objects easily
-invented the cylinder-screw, which is still used to lift water for irrigation
-discovered the principle of buoyancy and demonstrated the principle of the lever
Greeks traded goods for goods they needed
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
The princess of Bactria who became Alexander's first wife.
Greek and Phoenician warship of the fifth and fourth centuries B.C.E. It was sleek and light, powered by 170 oars arranged in three vertical tiers. Manned by skilled sailors, it was capable of short bursts of speed and complex maneuvers. (p. 132)
wrote the history of the peloponnesian war
Athenian men who opened schools for boys to study government, mathematics, ethics, and rhetoric.
wrote over 100 plays most famous was oedipus and Antigony
Goddess of the hearth and fire ; sister of Zeus
in charge of library at Alexandria and concluded the Earth is round and used geometry to measure the distance around the Earth
son of Darius; became Persian king. He vowed revenge on the Athenians. He invaded Greece with 180,000 troops in 480 B.C. during the 2nd Persian War
The same concept that we use today
To kill, as by surprise or secret assault, especially the killing of some eminent person.
part of stage in front of curtain; front arch of a stage
A is a sheltered place along a coast.
The best-known dialogue of Plato, in which Socrates is shown outlining an ideal state, ruled by philosopher-kings.
rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the peoples support.
|Age of Pericles||
Dominated life for 32 years 461-429 B.C.
God of the sun and healing ; twin brother of Artemis
|What kind of goods could be purchased in the Athenian Agora?||
-A fortified area at the top of a hill
(-a place of refuge during an attack -sometimes was a religious center -public buildings were built on it)
|List 3 exports of Ancient Greece||
olives, grapes, and grains
a foreigner who is not a citizen but is protected by the laws of athens. They were usually shopkeepers, traders, craftsmen, or moneylenders.
a man who live about 100 yrs. after Phidias who created figures that were more lifelike and natural inform and size
|wife of zeus and said to be the mother of the gods||
|Assembly (of sparta)||
Made of male citizens, did not debate, only voted on the issues
|the policical structure of Sparta||
oligarchy: ruled by few
oligarchy- harsh laws
middle class was PERIOCLES
|Alexander the Great||
He was inspred by the writings of the Illiad with the war hero Achilles. Alexander's reputation would be more famous than Achilles
|Council of Elders||
28 Spartan Men over 60 years old who were chosen to serve on the Council for life. They suggested laws to the Assembly and also served as a high court.
|What were the responsibilities of citizens?||
A. Serve in government
B. Serve in military
|What did the Greek scientist Eratosthenes do?||
He calculated the distance around the Earth quite accurately
|What does a Trojan Horse symbolize in Modern Times?||
a girft with a hidden Danger
|Homer's great epic poem, "The lliad"||
We know about the Trojan war by reading what?
|Why did the Greeks admire the study of mathematics?||
everything can be solved with math
God of Metalworking
Books, and writings
Able to live forever
Greek philosopher and teacher
A city-state in Ancient Greece
Zeno founded stocism
-Believed that what happened to people was governed by natural laws
-People could gain happiness by ignoring their emotions and following their reason
-Later affected Roman intellectuals and early Christian thinkers
Earth revolved around the sun.
|when were the etruscans?||
Greek philosopher and student of Socrates
a sacred shrine where priest/ priestess spoke for a god or goddess, where prophecies are given
Nude males showed relaxed attitudes with self-assured faces & smooth and muscled bodies, which reflects the standard of ideal beauty
fossils were remains of plant/animal life.
procedure used by the Athenian assembly in the 5th century BC to banish an unpopular or potentially dangerous citizen for ten years, without revoking his citizenship or property rights. Each voter wrote the name of the individual he wanted exiled on an ostrakon, which was then placed in an urn. There had to be at least 6,000 votes against one man.
Greek physician who laid the foundations of scientific medicine by freeing medical study from the constraints of philosophical speculation and superstition. He is traditionally but inaccurately considered the author of the Hippocratic oath.
|when were the minoans?||
2600- 1400 bce
Goddess of childbirth, the moon, and hunting ; twin sister of Apollo
earliest Greek stories which are long poems about heroic deeds, the first epics were Iliad and the Odyssey
Wrote "The History of the Persian Wars" and is considered the first real historian and father of modern history
traveled and questioned many to obtain info.
Naval battle where the Greek forces defeated the Persians
spoken and written words used to communicate thoughts, ideas, and feelings
people who pretend to be something they are not or who say one thing and do another
writer of plays; used three actors; and made Oedipus Rex, and Antigone
Olympic event that combined boxing and wrestling
Is the third out of three columns.
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
The main race was 200 meters long
the 12 most important gods and goddesses lived here, highest mountain in Greece
A disease that killed about one third of the people of Athens during the war with Sparta
An alliance of Greece against the Persians
Headquaters on the island of Delos
Officials were all *Athenian*
Freed all Greek states in the Aegean from Persian control
-In 454 BC the treasury moved from Delos to Athens, making them an empire
games played every 4 years to honor god Zeus
Small text found near a picture that provides important information about the picture
games for young women, held every 5 years
most modern of the Greeks. reduced the participation of chorus, used a psychological approach to moral problems.
business class in sparta lycurgus - harsh laws
you joined if you failed military test
Queen of the Gods or Mother of the Gods ; Wife of Zeus
|What did an Achillies heal symbolize in Modern Times?||
1. a weakness
Long Poem that tells of a great hero
|List 4 Democratic Principles||
rule by majority, personal freedom, equality by law, and the right to get ahead through ones ability not based on social class
is a goverment in which all could take part.
|who found the mycenenans? how||
heinrich schileman. with the illiad
|What began the Persian War?||
Greeek city-states were conqured by the Persians on the East side of the Aegean Sea
A war between Greece and Troy. It was started because of Helen
describe the social structure of athens.
remember to include: education, what two things were important, and what was inferior.
medicts--- non-land owning males
education to produce artists
woman were inferior
citizens had political rights
|What portion of the population of Athens were citizens?||
One in five were citizens
|how did geography affect the development of greece socially?||
SEAS- shaped greek civilization
influenced on and was influenced by other cultures
no more than 2 million ppl on greece at once
|An important change that Pericles introduced in Athens was||
To pay a salary to city officals
|with an advanced society living on Crete||
Where do historians believe Hellenic history began?
(Early Greek History, The Minoans, 2500-1500 BCE, History Essay 1)
|Why were there so many city-states in ancient Greece?||
They were separated by geographic barriers
|WHEN IS THE TEST? AND WHAT IS ON IT?||
February 7th - Sequencing, Matching, Compare/Contrast, True or False, Multiple Choice, and Fill in the Blank (the Olympic Paper is standing in for the essay) GOOD LUCK!
|Why did the Greeks use the sea so much?||
a. Many natural harbors
B. Boats are a cheap and fast way to move goods
C. Much of Greece is mountainous which makes over land travel and difficulty