Medical terms (Entire Body) Flashcards

Entire Body
Terms Definitions
Acrominl
The point at the top of shoulder
Anastomisis
A connection between two distinct structures
Antecubital
The front of the elbow (forearm)
Anterior
At the front; opposite of posterior
Arterio
Pertaining to arteries
Arthr
Joints
Articulate
United by joints
Axillary
Underarm
Bifurcate
Divide into two branches
Brachial
Pertaining to the arm
Bronchial
Pertaining to the bronchi
Buccal
Cheek
Calcaneal
Heel
Cardiac
Pertaining to heart
Carotid
Pertaining to the carotid artery, the primary artery of the neck
Carpal
Wrist
Caudal
Pertaining to the tail or distal end
Celiac
Pertaining to the abdomen
Cephalic
Head
Cervical
Pertaining to the cervix
Cutaneous
Pertaining to the skin
Cyanosis
Bluish color indicating low oxygen content in the blood
Cytology
Study of cells
Digital
Fingers
Distal
Father from point of reference , as farfrom center, medial line, or point of attachment
Dorsal
Toward or situated on back. Opposite of ventral
Dysplasia
A change in cell size, shape or arrangement due to chronic irritation or inflammation
Epigastric
Upper, central, anterior , abdominal area
Femoral
Thigh
Frontal
Forehead
Gastric
Pertaining to the stomach
Gluteal
Buttock
Heme
Blood
Hepatic
Liver
Hypertrophy
Growth of an organ or tissue due to an increase in the size of its cells
Hypogastric
Lower, central, anterior abdominal region. Same as the pubic region
Inguinal
Groin
....itis
Inflammation
Lateral
At or toward the side, away from midline of the body. Oposite of medial
Lingual
Tongue
Lumbar
Pertaining to the loins/ low back/ the area around the lumbar vertebrae
Mammary
Breast
Medial
On or toward the midline of the body or struture. Opposite of lateral
Mediastinum
A subdivision of the thoracic cavity containg the pericardial cavity
Necrosis
Death of a cell group of cells due to injury or disease
Neonate
Newborn up to four weeks old
Occipital
Pertaining to back of head
Olecranon
Elbow
Optic
Eyes
Oral
Mouth
Orbital
Eyes
....osis
Condition or state of
Otic
Ears
Parietal
Pertaining to the walls of a cavity
Patellar
Pertaining to the knee
Pectoral
Pertaining to chest or breast
Pedal
Top of foot near ankle and toes
Peri
Around
Perineal
Region between the anus and external genitalia
Plantar
The sole of the foot
Pleura
The area around the lungs
Popliteal
Posterior aspect of the knee
Posterior
At the back, opposite of anterior
Prone
Lying face downward, or on the ventral surface
Proximal
Nearest to point of reference
Pulmonary
Pertaining to lungs
Renal
Pertaining to kidneys
Sacral
Between the hips
Stenosis
Narrowing or constriction of body passage or opening
Sternal
Breastbone
Supine
Lying with the face up, or on the dorsal surface
Thoracic
Pertaining to the chest
Umbilical
Naval
Ventral
Pertaining to the abdomen or belly. Opposite of dorsal
Viscera
Pertaining to an organ, especially the abdominal organs
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