Medical Term Chap 1 Flashcards

Medical termenology
Terms Definitions
-centesis
surgical puncture (arthrocentesis)
-clast
to break (osteoclast)
-desis
binding/fixation (osteoclast)
-ectomy
excision/removal (lumpectomy)
-lysis
separation/destruction/loosening (thrombolysis)
-pexy
fixation of an organ (mastopexy)
-plasty
surgical repair (rhinoplasty)
-rrhaphy
suture (myorrhaphy)
-stomy
forming an opening (tracheostomy)
-tome
instrument used to cut
-tomy
incision (tracheotomy)
-tripsy
crushing (lithotripsy)
-gram
the record/ recording of an instrument (EKG)
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
the process of recording
-meter
instrument for measurement
-metery
act of measuring
-scope
the tool used to see inside (endoscope)
-scopy
visual examination (endoscopy)
-algia, dynia
pain (neuralgia
-cele
hernia, swelling (hepatocele)
-ectasis
dilation, expansion (bronchiectasis)
-edema
swelling (lymphedema)
-emesis
vomiting (hymeremesis)
-emia
blood condition (leukemia)
-iasis
abnormal condition (cholelithiasis)
-itis
inflammation (tonsiliitis)
-lith
stone, calculus (cholelith)
-malacia
abnormal softening (osteomalacia)
-megaly
enlargement (cardiomeagaly)
-oma
tumor (neuroma)
-osis
abnormal condition (cyanosis)
-pathy
disease (myopathy)
-penia
decrease (erthropenia)
-phobia
fear
-plegia
paralysis (hemiplegia)
-rrhage, rrhagia
bursting forth (hemorrhage)
-rrhea
discharge, flow (diarrhea)
-rrhexis
rupture (myorrhexis)
-stenosis
narrowing, tightening (arteriostenosis)
-toxic
poison
-trophy
nourishment, development (atrophy)
a-, an
without, not (atrophy)
circum-, peri-
around (pericardium)
dia-, trans-
through, across (transeptal)
diplo-
double (diplopia)
endo-, intra-
in, within (endocardium)
homo-, homeo-,
same (homograft)
hypo-
under, below (hypodermis)
macro-
large (macrophage)
micro-
small (microscopic)
mono-, uni-
one (monocyte)
post-
after, behind (postnatal)
pre, pro-
before, in front of (prenatal)
primi-
first (primigravida)
retro-
backward
super-
above (superior)
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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