Unit 1A Part 3 Vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
the 7 main divisions of the body of the Constitution
Supremacy Clause
The Constitution, Congressional laws, and treaties of US shall be the Supreme Law of the Land
Changes to the Constitution (are currently 27)
Popular Sovereignty
rule by the people
Power is divided between national & state governments
Separation of Powers
A division of power among legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Checks & balances
Each branch exercises some control over others
Judicial Review
The power of courts to declare laws & actions of local, state, or national governments invalid if they violate the Constitution
Expressed Powers
Powers directly stated in the Constitution
Enumerated Powers
The expressed powers of Congress that are itemized and numbered 1-18 in article I Section 8 of the Constitution
Elastic Clause
Clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in the other clauses of Article I
Federal Bureaucracy
Departments and agencies of the federal government- mostly the executive branch
Appeal to
Balanced Budget
The government's spending never increases its income
To accuse federal officials
Executive Agreement
An agreement made directly between the president and the head of state of another country that doesn't require the Senate's approval
An agreement between nations
Judicial restraint
The view that the Court should avoid taking initiative on social & political questions
Judicial Activism
The view that the Court should play a role in shaping national policies
Prior restraint
Government censorship of information before it is published
Probable Cause
Police must have a reasonable basis to link people w/ a crime
Search/Arrest warrant
Orders signed by a judge describing a specific place to be searched for a specific items or naming an individual
Due Process of Law
The government follows proper procedures in trials and other Constitutional actions against individuals
Eminent Domain
The power of the government to take private property for public use
Lame Ducks
Politicians who were retiring or didn't get elected that had little influence & accomplished little
Poll taxes
Taxes paid in order to vote
Delegated Powers
Powers that are granted or delegated by the Constitution to the national government; there are 3 kinds
Expressed powers
Powers directly expressed by the Founders
Implied Powers
Powers not defined or limited and that are required to carry out express powers; their basis is the necessary and proper clause
Inherent powers
These are powers exercised by the national government simply because it is a government
Reserved Powers
Powers reserved strictly to the states
Supremacy Clause
the acts and treaties of the US national government are supreme over the states; no state law or constitution may conflict w/ any form of national law
Concurrent Powers
The powers that both national and state governments have
Enabling Act
Enables the people of a territory interested in becoming a state to prepare a Constitution when signed by the president
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