IB English Poetry Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Iambic
Unstressed/stressed
Dactyl
U/U/S
Adjacent Rhyme
adjacent lines rhyme
Cacophony
harshness of the sound
Sonnet
poem consisting of 14 lines
Alternating Rhyme
every other line rhymes
Verse
single line of a poem
Spondee
Stressed/Stressed - used only as variation
Antithesis
using opposite phrases in close conjunction
Elegy
sad mournful poem about someone death
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of a word
Ballad
A song, transmitted orally, that tells a story, common among illiterate or semi-literate people
Aphorism
A pointed and pithy statement of serious maxim, opinion, or general truth
Villanelle
A poetic structure which contains 5 tercets and a quatrain, all on two rhymes, and with systematic later repetitions of lines 1 and 3 of the first tercet
Victorian
1830, England, marked by ascension of Queen Victoria. Related to religious, social, economic, and intellectual problems of the era, many of which stemmed from the industrial revolution.
Rhyme
sound between syllables or same groups of syllables; at the end of verse lines
Half Rhyme
rhyme occurs only on first syllable
Eye Rhyme
spelling of the rhyming elements match, but does not sound alike
Symbol
A word or phrase that signifies and object or even which in its turn signifies something, or has a range of reference, beyond itself
Dramatic Irony
The author shares with the audience information which the characters do not have
Portmanteau
A fusion of two or more existing words
Ex. Slithy= lithe + slimy
Verbal Irony
The meaning the speaker implies is very different from what is literally meant
Terza rhima
tercets which are interlinked, in that each is joined to the one following by a common rhyme: aba, bcb, cdc
Rhyme Scheme
pattern of the rhymes; marked with letter of alphabet
Parallelism
lines that look the same but don't mean the same
Scansion
process of measuring a lines rhythm in metrical feet to determine its metrical categorization. Choosing which syllables are stressed/unstressed
Anaphora
The repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses or lines
Enjambment
Lines which do not have syntax at the end
Free Verse
kind of poetry that does not conform to any regular
Quatrain
a poem or stanza of 4 lines with any type of rhyme
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