ancient greek vocab Flashcards

Terms Definitions
legislate
make laws
Assembly
A governing body
Athena
Goddess of wisdom
Polis
Greek word for city
Dorian People
Militant, disciplined, orderly
Euclid
The father of Geometry
episode
equivalent to a modern scene
Plato
believed philospher-kings should rule society.
Government
Manner of governing the institutions, laws, and customs through which a political unit is governed
agora
the market place in ancient greece
archons
elected leaders in the Athens' government
Minoans
master builders; indoor plumbing and palaces were built by them
immortal
a being who will never die
Myth
traditional story describing gods or heroes or explaining natural events.
delphi
most famous greek oracle. sacred to Apollo built on the slopes of Mt. Parnassus
hellenistic
Greek like, relating to Greek history and culture from the time of Alexander's rule to 146 BC
comedy
a funny play with a happy ending
Oracle
A prediction about the future, also the person who makes such a prediction, believed to come in the form of a god or ancestor.
aristotle
student of plato; first to divide learning into different subjects
Tragedy
which the protagonist is overcome by some superior force or circumstance
Homer
Poet/writer who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
Alexandria
city and major seaport in northern Egypt in the NIle River delta.
PLAGUE
comes from the word plege, which means "a blow or wound" a diseas which infects a lot of people quickly & kills many of them
Citizens
A person who owes allegiance to a government and is protected by it
archaeologist
a scientist who studies the remains of people and cultures of the past
Ephorate
a board of 5 cheif officials (ephors) that formed part of the government in Sparta
choregus
leader or main speaker of the chorus; patron of the play
oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
Dorians
a member of a people who entered Greece, conquered the Peloponnesus, and destroyed the Mycenaean culture
Parthenon
A temple built to honor Athena. Has giant statue of her in it made to honor her.
Knossos
A huge palace with a city inside in North Crete.
Eponymous
to the name of a person, a mythical being, or a literary figure associated with something, or to a word incorporating the name of such a person
Peninsula
an area of land surrounded by water on 3 sides
The Iliad
a story that talks about a battle for Troy between the Greeks and Trojans.
What were the differences between Sparta and Athens?
Sparta Athens
-war-based -more artsy and intelligent
- most important city - Biggest city of Attica
of the Peloponnesus -Girls trained to be housewives
-Girls trained in athletics, -Boys were well educated and strong
Took charge, strong- -Lived simple lives
-Boys were taken for -Drank wine instead of water
Brutal training at 7yrs old - only 1/8 of the population could vote
-Farmed and made weapons
pericles
Athenian ruler
Aesop
Greek fable writer
Hera
Wife of Zeus
cyclops
a one eyed monster
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Philosophy Order
Xerxes
Persian emporer after Darius.
aristocracy
govt run by the nobility
democracy
government controlled by the people
Mortal
Has to die at some point
pentathlon
an olympic competetion consisting of five seperate events: a discus throw, a long jump, a javlen throw, a footrace and a wrestling match
Minotaur
(Greek mythology) a mythical monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man
Mycenaeans
conquered crete in around 1450 bc
catastrophe
a sudden and wide spread disaster
Thucydides
considered the greatest historian of the ancient world. fought in the Peloponnesian War and afterward wrote a history of it.
city-state
a self-governing unit made-up of a city and its surrounding villages and farmland
Crete
A Greek island in the Mediterranean Sea, south east of the mainland
Sparta
A former city-state and rival of Athens
phalanx
a tightly packed 'wall' of soldiers, protected by their sheilds and helmets
hubris
pride that gets you in trouble; excessive pride
Allegory
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning.
Acropolis
high city on a hill or Cliff
Socrates
beleived there was an absolute right and wrong.
battering ram
an ancient military device with a heavy horizontal ram for bantering down walls, gates, ect.
Minority
A part of a population that differs from other groups in some characteristics and is often given unfair treatment
Pheidippides
A runner in Athens who secured Sparta as an ally for the war with Persia
plauge
a dease that speads rapidly and causes death
king minos
legendary king of Crete during its cultural height; mythical king of the Minoans who son, the minotaur, was kept in a labyrinth below his palace, 2,000 BCE; palace had running water--palace of knossos
alexander the great
macedonian king phillips son, who ruled during the hellenistic era
rhetoric
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)
Hades
King of the underworld; god of dead and riches.
Peloponnesus
a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta,
Phidias
He was a famous sculptor He sculpted many of the things in the Parthenon.
Philip of Macedonia
king of Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great
isthmus
a narrow strip of land, with water on both sides, that connects two larger bodies of land
Tragic flaw
something that a person does on their own, mistake
Tell about Crete
Island where the Minoans lived, bull jumping was very popular, ship building,
Metic
an alien who paid a fee to reside in an ancient Greek city
Philip II
rose to the throne in 359 B.C. trained soldiers and captured city states one by one. wanted to defeat the mighty Persian Empire.
fight between the Greeks and people of Troy gods and goddesses helped heros on both sides of the battle
Describe the Trojan War
Apollo
sun god
Triton
Poseidons first son
frescoe
Painting on wet plaster
Delos
Birthplace of Apollo and Artemis
demos, cratio/kratos
ruled by the people
Athens
A former city-state and current capitol of Greece
Praxiteles
made the first female nude carving
Aristotle
Learned at Plato's academy, and taught Alexander the Great.
tyranny/tyrant
a person who takes power by force
helots
social group in Sparta consisting of slaves; made up of the peoples conquered by the Spartans
ostracism
a ten year exile imposed on politicians in Athens who threatened to become too powerful
aeschylus
designed first theater; first to write trilogies; introduced 2nd actor/chorus; emphasized religion; belief in fatalism-->god control man
antistrophe
talking and singing of choruses from the left to the right
epidemic
affecting many persons at the same time, spreading from person to person in a locality, very contagious
When was the Battle of Salamis
479 BC
Pericles
The leader in Athens during the Golden Age. He rebuilds Athens after the Persian Wars.
Archaic period
after the Dark Age, made beautiful statues, wrote poetry, and asked questions about society "Greece waking up again"
Elecsis
On the coast of mainland Greece near Athens, was a site of a sanctuary to Demeter
ephor
one of five elected officials who had supervisory power over the Spartan kings
Barbarian
A person considered by the greeks as uncivilized, a non-greek.
Eleusis
on coast of mainland of Greece, near Athens, had sanctuary to Demeter, Athens made pilgrimages there
phoenician
toward the end of the dark ages the greeks began to write again and began to use...
Dark Age of Greece
1200-750 B.C.E., lots of superstition and social chaos, people even forgot to read and write, people were very poor, population dropped, leaving some areas deserted, no large constructions, very little art stuff produced
Iliad and Odyssey
Two poems written by Homer, still admired now
sacrifice
an offering, as in life or item to a deity; to pray/worship to them for something
Lasting Contributions of the Greeks
The Greeks made many great accomplishments in academics, architecture, the arts, and government.
king of Macedonia who conquered a vast empire in Europe, Asia, and Africa
Who was Alexander the Great
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