Ancient Greek Vocabulary_4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
opposed
against
mercenary
hired soilders
Nike
goddess of victory
demos
meaning people in Greek
chryselephantine
ivory and gold, statue
plunder
valuables seized in wartime
epidemic
spreading rapidly around people (disease) rapid, widespread growth, sudden
Epic
long poems that tell stories
representative democracy
where citizens elect representatives to make decisions for them, better for large communities, what we use today
Herodotus
Greek historian who is considered "Father of History" because he was the first to write historical documents.
frescoes
paintings ona plaster wall or ceiling
minoans
volcano caused lava, flood and earthquake destroyed what type of civilization
When Homer was probably born
700's BC
democracy
government in which citizens have the political power (by voting)
Agora
The marketplace or gathering place in an Ancient Greek city
aristocracy
Government ruled by rich upper class people.
piracy
the acting of pirates to take something away, rob; robbery on the high seas
mycenaeans
they were considered the first true greeks hundreds of years after the end of their civilization
philosopher
someone who uses reason to understand the world; in Greece, the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural events
Olympics
held at Olympia, started in 766 B.C.E., only men allowed to compete , big sporting event, men competed in the nude, people came from all around the world to see it
Astronomer
a person who studies stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies.
legend
A narrative handed down from the past, containing historical elements and usually supernatural elements
Acropolis
The upper fortified part of an Ancient Greek city
Long walls
walls built around Athens to connect walls surrounding a city to walls at sea
city-state
a settlement or city with it's own goverment
dianaisus
god of wine; one of the famous festivals
Hellenistic
323-146 BC a word meaning to "imitate Greeks" Emphasis on emotion and dynamic movement, Increased realism, Exaggeration
Archaic period
800-500 B.C.E., time of progess and expansion, population grew, standard of living, great art improves, greater contact with the outside world, first olympic games asked questions
Phalanx
a large group of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields, trained to charge the enemy as a group (Made their shields like a shell above them)
Hellinistic Culture
The blending of Greek and Persian cultures.
Thera/ Santorini
A Greek island in the south Aegean Sea
dialect
a form of common language with its own vocab or different pronnunciation
peloponnesian war
war the broke out between the spartans and the athenians because sparta fear athenian domination of greece
Battle of Thermopylae
Battle during the Persian wars in which Spartan troops fought to the death against a much larger Persian force
Alexander the Great
a great military leader who conquered the Persian Empire and spread Greek culture.
Battle of Marathon
A battle in 490 BC, between the athenians and the Persians athenians outnumbered the persians and defeated them.
Battle of Plataea
a defeat of the Persian army by the Greeks in 479 BC in which in it seemed that the dirty Greeks never seemed to die.
What were similarities between Sparta and Athens?
1. They both spoke Greek
2. They both believed in the same Gods
3. They both believed in the Oracle at Delphi
4. They both participated in the Olympics
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