ancient greek vocabulary part two Flashcards

Terms Definitions
hoplites
foot soldiers
Pan
god of nature
hoplite
heavily-armored ancient Greek infantryman
Poseidon
king of the seas
Alliances
A formal union between nations
mortal
One who must eventually die
myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society
Aristotle
Greek philosopher and teacher of Alexander the Great
Homer
9th-century b.c., Greek epic poet: reputed author of the Iliad and Odyssey.
Monarchy
A government which puts the decision-making power in the hands of one person. EX. King or Queen.
Euripides
Liked to challenge established ideas (often made his main characters women, foreigners, lower class, etc.), Deus ex machina endings
Socrates
Believed in absolute truth, and taught using the Socratic method.
Tyrant
In ancient Greece, a powerful ruler who gained control of a city-state's government by appealing to the poor for support.
metics
people born outside Athens, worked as merchants or artisans
Hera
queen of deities and wife of Zeus
archimedes
greatest math magicians of the ancient world; engineer; solid object always displaces its own volume in water
oracle
a priestess/priest who spoke on behalf of the deity, a prediction about the future
Fable
a short story that teaches a lesson.
Agora
The center for commerce in Greek city-sates.
democracy
a system of government in which the people rule, either directly or through elected representatives
Delphi
A place where a woman told prophecies in Greece, and considered the most powerful of Greek oracles
export
a good or service sold to another country or reigion
athenians
believed in strength for the body and mind
minotaur
half human, half bull, son of Minos, lived in the labyrinth, sacrificed young to him
Mount Olympus
highest mountain in Greece on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia.
tragedy
a serious drama in which the hero is brought to defeat by a character flaw
civilization
a group of people ar a country with highly developed farming, trade, goverment, art, and science
dark age
during 1100 - 800 BC the mycenaean world was falling apart, a time of great unrest and hardship, a period called the...
colony
leave native country to form in a new land a settlement connected with the parent nation
oracle of delphi
place in greece where crack was found on the ground and whomever breathes the steam can foresee the future
Golden age of Athens
(465 BCE-429 BCE) the first of four mythical periods, when prefect innocence, peace, and happiness reigned, when the Titans ruled. Pericles was leading Athens, public project.
It was a symbol that showed the Greeks had surrendered (end of the war)
Describe the Trojan horse
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