Iliad Vocab 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Polydorus
Trojan
Thnetoi
mortal
redoubtable
formidable
Amble
walk idly
pentameter
5 feet
Jove
aka zeus
serrated
jagged edge
kudos
glorious deeds
Lineage
One's pedigree
daunting
intimidating, causing apprehension
odysseus
king of ithacA
Apoina
ransom or restitution
Evocation
bringing to mind
tuecros
brother of ajax
Achilles, Agamemnon, Odysseus
Three greeks
ithaca
island ruled by odysseus
formidable
producing fear or horror
titular
nominal, bearing a title
Define hubris.
too much/excessive pride
is the achaean wall useful
yes
ajax
greatest champion second to achilles
indemnity
noun. compensation for a loss
suppliant
someone who begs for mercy
Marauding
characterized by plundering or pillaging or marauding
brazen
literally, of brass; shamelessly bold
Achilles
prince and leader of the Myrmidions
What does Iliad mean?
"song of Ilium"
Myrmidons
elite soldiers and bodyguards of Achilles; best warriors in ancient Greece
spurn
to reject in a scornful way
Troy
city-state; located across the Aegean Sea from Greece in Asia Minor; home of King Priam
Book 4
Characters: Pandoras, Ag, Menelaous, Nester
Theme: Motavation by guilt
Significance: Pandoras (athena) breaks truce. "fools heart".. Trojan guilt. Ag shames Greek champs into fighting
Aias (Ajax)
Greek- Greatest warrior after Achilles.
Reputation for the brute strength and courage.
Craven
Adj. Characterized by abject fear; cowardly.
Briseis
Trojan, mortal.
War prize of Achilles.
Focal point of contention between Achilles and Agamemnon.
She is given back to Achilles and mourns for the death of Patroclus.
auger
v. suggest a specified outcome; (n. usually used as fortune teller)
oral compisition
stories passed down through oral tradition (the iliad was done like this)
Zeus
father of the gods, supports neither side but knows Greeks will win
faction
a split within an organization or country; internal conflict
Andromache
wife of Hector and mother of Astyanax
Agamemnon
King of Mycenae, leader of Greek forces
rue
to feel regret, remorse, or sorrow for
Bivouacked
a military encampment made with tents or improvised shelters, usually without shelter or protection from enemy fire
Menelaus
"So home you'll run from our racing ships, by god, all as corpses—see, you death -defying Trojans?"
paris
son of priam, brother to hector, trogan, husband of helen
Antenor
asks Alexandros to give up Helen, criticizes Helen's interpretation of Odyseuss
Line2
my glorious one Achilles? Have you no heart at all
virile
adj. of a man, having masculine power or strength
Hamartia
the character flaw or error of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall
Apollo
god of light, the bow, the arts, youth; friend of Trojans; enemy of Greeks
Lycaon
Youngest son of Priam. Been caught by Achilles before; Sold into slavery. Made it back to troy for 12 days before going back into battle and meeting Achilles again. Approaches Achilles in the attitude of a suppliant, begs for safety. "Patroclus died he was better than you, I will die one day and I am much better than you, so today you will die"
Agon
a festivity in ancient Greece at which competitors contended for prizes, specifically to be immortalized in a song
Poseidon
god of the sea; brother of Zeus. Called the Earth Shaker because he is believed to cause earthquakes. He is an enemy of Odysseus.
Helenus
(Trojan) the son of Priam and prophet. Priest of the Trojans
whetting
to sharpen by rubbing on or with something
Calchas
a soothsayer who says that the plauge is going to happen and why
scamander
great river of troy ( men called it this)
Sarpedon
King of Lycia; son of Zeus; killed by Patroclus
Chryses
He is a priest of Apollo and comes from a city (Chyse) allied with Troy. He is also the father of Chryseis.
Deign
V. To think fit or in accordance with one's dignity; condescend.
in medias res
from the latin meaning "in the middle" meaning the time of the story begins in the m iddle of the drama. In the Odyssey and Iliad it is the last year of the conflict.
The quarrel which begins the Iliad is between...
Agamemnon and Achilles
Achilles reaction to the offer is...
he refuses all that is offered
Aeneias [=Aeneas from the H.Hymn to Aphrodite! Notice the story of Ganymede in 5.265-270]
Son of Aphrodite, future fonder of Rome so not allowed to die, saved multiple times.
in what ways are Agamemnon and Paris different?
Agamemnon is brave and fights for his comrades while Paris is a coward and fights as little as possible
/ 64
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online