Immigration Vocabulary Flashcards

Immigration to the United States
Terms Definitions
ethnique
ethnic
l'huile
oil
tu
you
dirigeant(e)
leader
tolerance
Toleranz
l'intégration
integration
economique
economic
Supervivientes
Survivors
Forgery
Contraffazione
le réfugié
refugee
El visado
visa
emigrer
to emigrate
Navy
Angkatan laut
to improve
améliorer
la lutte
struggle
défendre
to defend
abroad
el extranjero
to ban
interdire
Cumplir
To Fulfill
hallaba
encontrar algo
los intereses
interests
el prometido
promise
el aporte
contribution
postos de trabalho
jobs
low-status job
niedere Arbeit
le tiers-monde
third world
Irritated
Angry and annoyed
to be enriched
s'enrichier
the north
el norte
refouler
to turn back
la ragione
reason, motive
se débrouiller
to get by
A temps-partiel
Travailler le weekend
14th amendement
birth right clause
moonlighting
le travail au noir
Ensuring
Make sure something happens
la carte d'identité
identity card
REMOVAL HEARING
AUDIENCIA DE EXPULSION
Abolition
the movement to end slavery
Faire une demande
Poser la candidature
tenement
an apartment building, often overcrowded and poorly kept, usually in a city slum
applicant for admission
solicitante de admisión
Promontory, UT
A city in Utah
la carte de séjour
residence permit
scrutiny
a searching examination or investigation; minute inquiry.
"Old Immigrants"
Immigrants from 1840s to 1890s
El modo de ser
way of life/being
Family Class
Spouses, partners, children, parents, grand-parents of people living in Canada
Ellis Island
Where European immigrants were processed.
forensic document analysis
análisis forense de documentos
einen Asylantrag stellen
to apply for asylum
ethnicity
set of cultural characteristics that distinguish one group from another group
la peur des étrangers
fear of foreigners
Many different nationalities blending together in America. How immigrants to America tried to be like Americans speaking English and dressing and acting "American."
Melting Pot
Red Scare
Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Attorney General A. MItchell Palmer led effort to deport aliens without due processs, with widespread support. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses. Sacco/Vanzetti trial demonstrated anti-foreign feeling in 20's. Accused of armed robbery & murder, had alibis. "Those anarchists bastards". Sentenced to death and executed.
yellow journalism
sensational stories that were often biased or untrue
acculturation
the process of combining to cultures to form one bigger culture
Social Gospel Movement
Reform movement to encourage Christianity
How many amendments
does the Constitution have?
twenty-seven
(27)
migrate
to move from one place to another
Citizen
enfranchised member of a state or nation
4th preference
brothers and sisters of over-age-21 U.S. citizens
"birds of passage"
immigrants who arrived between 1820-1900 who evetually returned to their country of origin
IB-2
Self Petition - Child of a USC
Voting/ suffrage
the right to vote
Susan B. Anthony
Elizabeth C. Stanton
National Women's Suffrage Association
Western States allowed women to vote. (Wyoming was the first)
une ONG: organisation non gouvernementale
NGO, humanitarian organisation
deportation
the lawful expulsion of an undesired alien or other person from a state.
Civil Disobedience
peacfully refusing to obey laws one considers unjust.
INA §318
Burden of proving lawful entry and permanent residence for naturalization purposes rest on the alien. Obviously cant get naturalized if final order of deportation issued, and must wait to apply if warrant for such is outstanding.
Gentlemen's Agreement
Agreement with Japan and the US, mutual restrictions of immigration
Homesteaders
Settlers who claimed land on the Great Plains under the Homestead Act.
Ellis Island Opens
1892: only steerage passengers go through Ellis Island, 94% of immigrants come through NY, prostitutes, coolie laborers, contracted laborers, diseased, paupers, and those who might become a charge for the U.S. are banned from immigrating; medical screening for immigrants (chalk marking those of suspicious medical condition), in 1914, those without $25 in their pockets are not let into the country (public charge clause), did NOT change your name
Chinese Exclusion Act
People were violent and prejudice against the Chinese and their customs. Gangs attacked them, sometimes killed Chinese people. In response to this anti-Chinese feeling. Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882
"Melting Pot"
The idea that societies formed by immigrants from many different cultures, religions, and ethnic groups, will produce new hybrid social and cultural forms.
el choque cultural
trauma o conflicto interior causado por el contacto con otra cultura
Dominant American Culture/ WASP
white Anglo-Saxon protestant males; believed that their culture was superior
dumbbell tenement
A tenement building that narrowed in the middle, forming air shafts on either side and allowed light and air into the rooms where up to 20 people slept.
salad bowl
A metaphor for society where immigrant groups retain thier former cultures after moving to a new place.
lobby
to try to influence the actions of (public officials, esp. legislators).
Immigration
the act of moving from one country to another with the intent of permanently residing there.
Lawful Permanent Residents
an immigrant who is legally authorized to live and work in the united states permanently, but is not a US citizen. Also known as a resident alien.
migration
to go from one region or place where one lives to settle in another within the same country
Push factor
some event or force that makes people want to leave a country
Chinese Exclusion ACt (1882)
banned Chinese immigrants for 10yrs- renewed till 1943
Emigration
the act of leaving a country to settle elsewhere.
Displaced person
a person forced to flee from home or country
Great Chicago Fire
A fire in 1871 that killed hundreds, left thousands homeless, and destroyed a third of Chicago.
Samuel Gomepers
One of the two men who played key roles in the labor movement.
Homestead Act
Passed in 1862, it gave 160 acres of public land to any settler who would farm the land for five years. The settler would only have to pay a registration fee of $25.
A-2 Other Government Official
A-2 = D/S
P.P. (Valid at entry only) / N.I.V.
General Immunity
What stops one branch of
government from becoming
too powerful?
checks and
balances
separation
of powers
violaciones de derechos humanos o derechos civiles
violations of human and civil rights
to have a profound influence on sth.
einen starken Einfluss auf etwas haben
Law of the Soil
States that anyone born in the US are US citizens.
Kill the indian and save the man
the saying to take his culture, background, and everything about his Native American culture and get rid of it, replace it with what is American
Why did "new immigrants" and Asian immigrants have a harder experience?
Lived in Ghettos. Didn't want to lose all traditions. Were "different" in appearence, culture, language, etc.
Marocain
Moroccon
injuste
unfair
liberty
Freedom.
detainee
tahanan
self-improvement
Weiterbildung
seul
alone
l'insertion
intergration
catholique
Catholic
Flimsy
Sottile
émigrer
to emigrate
El ciudadano
citizen
s'intégrer
to integrate
assimilation
becoming American
déclarer
To declare
séjourner
to stay
la nationalité
nationality
la provenance
origin
sudamericanos
south americans
El Seguro
Insurance
patria
native land
rémunérer
to pay
tener incentivos
reasons
la emigración
emigration
le bidonville
shanty town
political opinion
pendapat politik
source country
negara asal
le ressortissant
national, imigrant
Vaudeville
variety shows (comedians)
dejar
to quit/leave behind
l'accueil M
welcome, reception
à peine
only just, barely
Blatant
conspicuously and offensively loud
senir nostalgia
to be homesick
Problems in the Cities
...
removal proceeding
proceso de explusión
Avoir des prejudges
Having prejudge
Apprehension
arresting a foreigner legally
il ricercatore/ la ricercatrice
researcher
racism
discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
to lock up so
jdn. einsperren
differen physical appearance
andere äußere Erscheinung
La ley de Extranjera
Immigration law
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a General. What war was he in?
WWII
Among the many requirements for becoming a "naturalized citizen", a person must live in the U.S. for 5 years, show knowledge of U.S. history and government, and be able to read, _____, speak English
write
Cities
This where immigrants settled. They settled here because there were job opportunities and they were recreational past times (going to baseball games, vaudeville, department stores, Central Park, and the Zoo)
way of life
mode (m) de vie
Visa
endorsement on a passport granting entry into a country
non-permanent residents
que no son residentes permanentes
enforce
To make you obey the law.
authenticity
the quality of being authentic; genuineness.
alien
a foreign-born resident who has not been naturalized
Race
each of the major divisions of humankind, having distinct physical characteristics
Sinophobes
Peple with a fear of anything associated with China
inspector
someone who checks things or asks questions
ethnic communities
Groups of immigrations from one country that lived together
Angel Island, CA
Inspection station for immigrants arriving on the West Coast.
Muckraker
Someone who "raked up muck(dirt)" on other politicians, industry and other problems of the cities to expose them to the American public. Most of the time found to be a journalist who exposed corruption and other problems of the late 1800s and early 1900s.
ethnic
Of, realting to, or characteristics of a sizable group of people sharing a common and distinctive racial, national religious, liguistic, or cultural heritage.
Birds of passage
immigrants who arrived between 1820-1900 who evetually returned to their country of origin
Exodusters
African Americans who moved from post reconstruction South to Kansas.
unemployment
the state of being unemployed or not having a job
Literacy Act (1917)
Prohibiting immigration from all Asian countries except Japan and the Philippines
Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show
reenacted famous frontier events
Angel Island
Immigration Station on the West Coast of the US.
grain elevator
a tall building for storing grain; usually near a railroad or shipping dock.
circumstances
the facts and the events that affect what happens in particular situation:we need to know the exact circumstances surrounding the accident.
Promonotory
A high point of land extending into water, a high ridge of land jutting into a body of water
New Immigration **
Immigrants from Southern and Eastern European countries and Asia arriving in the LATE 1800s
Great Migration
Period of immigration to Canada from 1815 to 1850.
exodus
the departure of a large number of people.
naturalize
to confer upon (an alien) the rights and privileges of a citizen.
The gentlemen's agreement
Japan would limit the number of Japanese allowed out of Japan to come to the U.S. each year
Nativists
Wanted to put limits on the number of immigrants coming to the U.S.
Pull Factor
What is the following an example of? "More land and jobs attracted people to America.
old immigrants
immigrants who had come to the US before the 1880s from Britain, Germany, Ireland, and Scandenavia, or Northern Europe
melting pot
a vessel made of material that does not melt easily
Cable Cars
allowed you to be transported up hill more quickly
Emma Lazarus
Wrote the poem on the base of the Statue of Liberty "The New Colossus"
Ethnic Groups
a group of people who shared a common culture
statue of liberty
151 ft. tall. Dedicated by the French to honor the U.S gov
Environmental Groups
We want to protect the land by slowing down deforestation. We need to protect the species so we can study them.
Chinese exclustion act
what act ? 1882, barred chineze labors from entering, no chinese person who left the country could return, 1st law to exlude a specific national group from immigranting to the US, repealed in 1943
une politique d'integration des immigres
a policy favoring the integration of immigrants
Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS)
Late 19th, early 20th Century, agents at Ellis Island helped Hebrew immigrants get through immigration (especially if marked for medical reasons; gave lawyers), helped find jobs and housing in Jewish communities. Immigrant community building, difficult process of immigration, government created too many restrictions (reflecting anti-immigrant sentiment)
Ellis Island, NY
an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States
What is the only guaranteed citizenship in the constitution?
Jus Soli. Everything else is by statute.
Made up of several or many kinds
What is the Defenition of Diverse?
considered a danger to the community
se le considera un peligro para la comunidad
how many west indians live in america today
more than a million and a half
straits
selat
Trestles
Bridges
prospect
Aussicht
Musulman
Muslim
incertidumbre
uncertainty
flexible
flexible
Recoger
Colectar
un ouvrier
worker
limpiar
to clean
le racisme
racism
(to) alienate
entfremden
Asimilarse
to assimilate
sans racines
rootless
le xénophobe
xenophobe
immigration policy
Einwanderungspolitik
demasiado
too much
el obrero
worker
la cerca
fence
le visa
visa
la tolleranza
tollerence
der Abgeordnete
the delegate
Culture
state of civilization
L'extrême droit
Extreme right
les illégaux
illegal immigrants2
Commercial outlet
Sbocco commerciale
El inmigrante (inmigrar, inmigración)
immigrant
travailler au noir
moonlighting/working illegally
political asylum
asile (m) politique
le Front National
National Front
das Bleiberecht
right of residence
la reprise économique
economic recovery
British post
Sede diplomatica britannica
a homogenous society
eine homogene Gesellschaft
robber baron
used ruthless business tactics
to become a citizen
hacerse ciudadano/a
New - Language
few spoke English
Italy
immigrants arrive seeking economic opportunity in 1900
7 rays
represent the 7 seas
(year 2000) 1/3 immigrants come from
Asia
Transnationals
immigrants who sustain multiple social relationships linking their societies of origin and settlement
une pièce d'identité
a means of identification
Jacob Riis/How the Other Half Lives
...
Immigration today
Illegal immigrants crossing the boarder, 3 million each year
Literacy Act What
Literacy an entrance requirement
Nativism
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
settlement house
community centers that offered services to the poor
steerage
cheapest, most crowded passage to America in the early 1900's
What are 4 examples of contributions that immigrants have made to U.S. culture. (no matching flashcard)
...
Il y a 2 jours
2 days ago
Minuteman Project
Civilian militias who patrol the US/Mexico border
exceptional and extremely unusual hardship
adversidades excepcionales extremadamente fuera de lo común, adversidades excepcionales extremadamente raras
Proposition 187
denied medical and education services to illegal immigrants; was ruled unconstitutional 1998
sweatshops
factory or workshop where people work under poor conditions
Pogrom
an organized killing and or robberies of Jews
persecute
to pursue with harassing or oppressive treatment, esp. because of religion, race, or beliefs; harass persistently.
la multa
sanción económica por no cumplir la norma
Bilingual Education
A program designed to allow students to learn academic concepts intheir native language while they learn a second language
immigration quotas
the number of immigrants allowed to enter the U.S. from each part of the world
Gentleman's Agreement
in 1907 this accord restricted japanes immigration to the united states
Staircase of Separation
divided the immigrants into 3 categories: those going to New York; those going to other parts of the U.S.; those who were deported
asylum
protection granted by one nation to a refugee from another nation
Jane Addams
founded Hull House to help the poor
Illegal Alien
Person who has entered a country illegally
sweatshop
a shop employing workers at low wages, for long hours, and under poor conditions.
immigrants
people who move to a country that is not their native land
voyage
A long trip, especially in a ship or spacecraft.
New Immigration
Came in 1880s ~ they spoke different languages and religions had a harder time to get used to the US, Mainly from S/E Europe, poor and unskilled PIGJR
(P=polish/I=italian/G=greek/J=jewish/R=russian)
Steerage Class
Lowest part of a ship with no ventilation and filthy.
refugee
someone who flees or is kicked out of their home country usually because of political turmoil, war or natural disasters.
legal immigration
follow the steps to becoming a legal immigrant
Why the US has Selective Immigration Policy/ who can come in
-Relatives
-jobs/ skills
-Political Refuge
J-1 Foreign Exchange Student
Coincides with Exchange Program + 30 Days
P.P. / N.I.V. / Form I-94 / Form DS-2019 (Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor Status)
Must be able to Speak English
Sufficient Funds to Cover Expenses
2 Year Foreign Residency Requirements
Le refugie
Quelqu'un qui va à un autre pays pour se protéger
What is the name of the
Speaker of the House of
Representatives now?
(John) Boehner
Great Chicago Fire(1871)
a fire in 1871 that killed hundreds, left thousands homeless, and destroyed a third of Chicago
Homestead Act (1862)
This Act granted 160 acres of public land to settlers after 5 years of residence.
Foreign Miners License Law
tax of 20$ a month in foreign miners
application or cancellation of removal for certain non-permanent residents
solicitud para cancelar la expulsión de ciertos residentes permanentes
non-disclosure of record of proceeding
no divulgar el contenido de las actas procesales
what pushes were in effect that made people want to come to america? what pulls?
pushes
-taxes to high
-cant make enough money
-famine
-farming was difficult
-to crowded
-no freedom of religion
-no freedom in government
-government were control freaks- wanted everyone and everything to be under thier control- like voldemort
pulls
-buissness oppurtunities- can make money
- looking for riches
-good farming- no famines
- meet new people
-equal treatment
-freedom of religion
-freedom of speech
- had a say in the government- oppurtunities to vote
G-4 Officer or Employee of International Organization
G-4 = D/S
PP (Valid at entry only) / NIV
General Immunity or LAPR Status
Dependent May Work
/ 266
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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