Ancient Rome - Part Flashcards

Terms Definitions
quaestors
treasurers
tepidarium
warm pool
Caesar
Roman ruler
Insula
multistory apartment house
vast
huge, very big
Auction
to sell off
Veto
To prohibit or forbid.
Emperor
ruler of an empire
legion
a large military unit
44 B.C.E.
Julius Casaer assassinated.
What is currency?
system of money
Province
a unit of an empire
synagogue
a Jewish place of worship
Jesus
founder of the Christian religion
Representative
a person who represents others
Catacombs
Underground passages where christians went to practice their religion.
Asenes
Like Christians in ancient Rome
Hannibal
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
insulae
appartment building that housed most of the urban population
Sulla
Roman general and dictator (138-78 BC)
Pompeii
once uncovered, this site gave historians a real life "picture" of what a Roman city actually looked like
patricians
the social class including senators and their families
Scipio
Scipio was Hannibals successor but lost to rome in the third punic war
Octavian
Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC
Venus
God of Love, Sexuality, and Affection.
Gladiators
people fighting animals and sometimes each other-were enslaved people, criminals, or poor people-admired at the time
constantine
emperor who founded contantinpole as the new eastern capital
triumph
ceremony held for a great accomplishment of a military leader in Rome, granted by the Senate
Mt. Vesuvius
(tectonic) subduction of the Mediterranean seafloors and (death) cities completely buried by pumice and ash fall
Freedom of religion comes to Rome
313 AD
Huns
a powerful nomadic people of unknown ethnic origin who invaded europe
Judea
The land in the eastern Mediterranean region populated by Jews at the time of the Roman Empire
This specific tribe was allowed into Rome by the emperor Valenes.
Visgoths
tribune
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
Julius Caesar
Roman general who became the republic's dictator.
Tribunes
Officers of ancient Rome elected by the plebeians to protect their rights from arbitrary acts of the patrician magistrates
Messiah
Leader, savior or redeemer to the Jews.
consuls
the two leading magistrates of Rome, who were elected for one year o govern the Republic and maintain law and order.
villa
an important source of food for ancient Rome
republic
a nation with a constitution and without monarchy in which power lies with the citizens.
Carthage
an ancient city-state in N Africa, near modern Tunis: founded by the Phoenicians in the middle of the 9th century b.c.; destroyed in 146 b.c. by the Romans in the last of the Punic Wars
Italian Penninsula
Rome and its surrounding areas, experiences great achievements in literature, architecture, and the arts.
Scipico
Roman general who defeated Hannibal in the Battle of Zana outside Carthage, North Africa
Domes
A vaulted roof having a circular, polygonal, or elliptical base and a generally hemispherical or semispherical shape.
Roman general who became the republic's dictator.
Julius Caesar
Cubicula
a small cubicle or bedroom that opened onto the atrium of a Roman House
Plebians
Members of the lower class of Ancient Rome including farmers, merchants, artisans and traders
As an emperor, Augustus?
showed respect for the senate
consul
an elected official who led the Roman Republic
Middle class
it was being rich nor a pesent
apostle
One of the 12 closest followers of Jesus chosen by him to help him teach
baths
a place where people went to talk, exercise, meet friends, relax, and play games
Christian
a person who believes in Jesus Christ and his teachings
Clovis
king of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy
Cleopatra
Mark Antony gives her Egypt. Flees at the Battle of Actium, and commits suicide.
Dictator
a ruler who has absolute power and authority
Remus
said to have founded Rome; Twin of Romulus
Commodus
Son of the last "Good Emperor"; His reign began the decline of the Roman Empire
*Notes*
The Roman senate gave Augustus all the power he wanted because they were grateful for Rome's peace and prosperity.
Tiber River
River that runs throughout the Roman Empire.
Zamra
Site of the North African battle field where the Rome army defeted the Carthage army
Franks
group of Germanic people who rose to prominence under the leadership of King Clovis,
Vandals
One of a group of Germanic tribes who invaded and destroyed territory in the Roman empire.
atrium
the entrance room of a Roman house or courtyard
Fabius Maximus
Roman General who used hit and run attacks against Hannibals' army.
peninsula
a large mass of land projecting into a body of water with water on three sides
gladiator
a person who fought to the death as entertainment for the Roman public
romlus and remus
brothers, sons of mars. raised by shewolf because left @ young age.Romulus killed Remus b/c he wanted to rule city.(battled eachother).
Civil War
a war between groups in the same country for control of the government.
Senate//Dictator (4)
Only 1> Serve for 6 month
Chosen by the consul
elected by senate
only times of crisis
A series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage.
Punic Wars
How was he related to Julius Caesar
He was his son.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Rome
a city in and the capital of Italy, in the central part, on the Tiber: ancient capital of the Roman Empire; site of Vatican City
Gaius Julius Caesar
agreed with Marius and took over Rome after civil war. ruled with Pompey and Crassus. between the three of them had ceasar had the army and the others had wealth and popularity. later took over Rome and became a dictator and was killled by patricians because he was giving their power to the plebes
Who were the Zealots?
A group of Jews that wanted to re-establish Israel
What was the Forum?
The city market and meeting place in the center of
Why did the senators murder Caesar?
They were afraid he would make himself kind and have too much power
strategy of paying the barbarians to stay away
They would pay the barbarians not to attack anymore and they wouldnt....this stratgegy worked for many years.
Twelve Tables and the Principals of Roman Law
a list of rules that was the basis of Roman legal system
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