Ancient Rome / Section 3 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Pre-conditions
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CE
common era
rhetoric
public speaking
Latin
Rome's offical language
Arloc
King if Visigoth
vandals
in north africa
Tribunes
Representatives of the Plebeians
crucifixion
execution on a cross
Octavian
first emperor of Rome
English
not a Romance language
veto
prohibit actions of other offcials
Constantine
This emperor made Christianity legal
Triumvirate
Government ruled by three individuals
"Romanized"and organized the empire- built bridges, roads, and aqueducts, ruled during the height of the Pax Romana, Built Hadrians Wall across Britain, strengthened borders
Hadrian
Octavian/Augustus
First ruler of Roman Empire
Latins
People from the land Latium
dictator
ruler with a complete authority
censors
registered citizens according to their wealth, appointed candidates to the Senate, and oversaw the moral conduct of all citizens
1st period of expansion
509 BCE-264 BCE
messiah
a savior in Judaism and Christianity
Tiber River
River that runs through Rome
a savior in Judaism and Christianity
messiah
Twelve Tables
Ancient Rome's code of law.
roads, bridges, aqueducts
3 things Romans built
jesus
Religios leader and founder of christianity
Milvian Bridge
battle where constantine defeated maxentius; placed chi rho on shields, attributed victory to christian god; became christian
consuls
chief executives who served one-year terms as magistrates
Consul
Either of the two main elected officials of the ancient Roman Republic
Gladiator
A roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the public.
tribune
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
This emperor built Hadrian's wall and the Pantheon.
Hadrian
Tiberius
This person was the second Roman emperor who allowed free speech and increased the treasury 20 times. He also limited the cost of food and was forced by his stepfather to marry Julie after divorcing his pregnant wife.
octavians title is augustus Caesar. Augustus means highly respected and caesar came to mean emperor so together his title was highly respected emperor
octavians title
Hannible
General of Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in the Second Punic War.
a large amphitheater built in Rome around A.D. 70; site of contests and combats between people and animals
Collosseum
plebeian
were the bulk of population artisans shopkeepers a peasants class determined by birth
Diocletian
Emperor who divided the empire into two parts to make it easier to govern.
Patricians
the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners
Senate
the lawmaking body and most powerful branch of government in ancient Rome's Republic
Cleopatra
Ruler of the Egyption government in Alexandria who backed Caesar in the civil war he waged from 49 to 45 B.C.
the Gracchi
Tiberius and Gaius, attempted to reform the Roman republic
Augustus/Octavian
Title meaning "respected one" given to Octavian - 1st Roman emperor
Carthage
An ancient city and state of northern Africa on the Bay of Tunis northeast of modern Tunis. Fought against rome in Punic Wars.
Pax Romana
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting 200 yrs
circus
An arena in ancient Rome; also the show held there
representatives
people who were elected to act for others to make decisions and laws
New Testament
The second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers.
who fought in the punic wars
Carthage and rome
hannibal
leader of the carthage who uses his elephants to defeat the romans
law of twelve tables
1)written laws
2)described rights of patricians and plebeians
Acid Rain
Rain water mixed with gases from burning fossil fuels, such as coal or oil
Peninsula
An area of land nearly surrounded by water.
Inflation
drop in the value of money while prices rise
apennine mountains
the mountain range that runs the length of italy
The seven hills included:
Capital Line
Palicane
Place of public assembly
Market place (meat, wool, wine)
Circus for Plebes included in Forum (games and shops)
miliarium
A mile marker on the U.S. National Road giving distances from many places Slate milestone near Bangor, WalesA milestone (from the Latin milliarium) is one of a series of numbered marker
What is imperialism?
The practice of gaining control over foreign lands and peoples.
Julius Caesar
Roman general who forced the Senate to name him dictator
Provinces
An area of a country ruled by a separate ruler
Etruscans
In 620 BCE the Romans took control of this group of people. The Tarquins from the dominated group taught Romans to build houses, lay streets, etc.
excommunication
the taking away of a person's right of membership in a Christian church
Punic Wars
a series of three wears between Rome and Carthage (264-146 BC); resulted in destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Etruscans and Greeks
Which two civilizations did Rome steal ideas from?
checks and balances
measures designed to prevent any one branch of government from dominating the others
"Ides of March"
The day that Julius Caesar was assassinated (March 15th)
Cornelius scipio africanus
The roman general that won the battle of zama at the end of punic war #2.
Struggle of the Orders
a great social conflict that developed between patricians and plebeians; the plebeians wanted real political representation and safeguards against patrician domination.
gladiator fights and theatre
What were 2 examples of Roman entertainment?
Ara Pacis Augustea, Altar of Peace
Imperial
13-9BC
Rome, Italy
Procession of the Imperial family south frieze
Marble
5'3" high
why did they write the 12 tables
because plebians protested it wasn't fair if they got arrested and they didnt even know what they did wrong
The role of the senate in the ancient Roman Republic was to
propose and vote on laws.
He thought Rome was too far away from the center of things and that it was unsafe.
Why did Constantine change the capital?
It was built to help legions move from provice to province, but travelers and traders used them too.
What was the main pupose of the Roman road system?
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