Imperialism Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
3 Empires
disproved spontaneous generation
expanding of national boundaries
ideological motive
spread culture and tradition
strengthen the state
tighten social order
violence is ok
social darwinism
survival of the fittest
belief that Europian nations should act fatherly towards smaller countries.
military outposts overseas (army and navy), perimeter around your country
Karl Marx
German philosopher, economist, and revolutionary. With the help and support of Friedrich Engels he wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867-1894). These works explain historical development in terms of the interaction of contradictory economic forces, form the basis of all communist theory, and have had a profound influence on the social sciences.
Sick Man of Europe
The Ottoman Empire
An infectious disease transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes in Africa
Boxer Rebellion
Patriotic uprising by chinese nationalists against Western domination.
Robert Clive
2nd 100 years war hero
be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance
governer in the name of the queen
idea that felt US shouldnt be imperialistic, should be different than europe
Moral diplomacy
President Wilson's policy to end imperialism, spread democracy and promote peace
Roosevelt Corollary
President Roosevelt 's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine in which he asserted the right of the United States to intervene in Latin American nations.
Rudyard Kipling
(1864-1936) English writer and poet; defined the "white man's burden" as the duty of European and Euro-American peoples to bring order and enlightenment to distant lands
Horatio Kitchener
led Great Britain's army against Sudanese
was the conservative upper body which represented the various German states (länder)
Kruger Telegram
Kaiser Wilhelm II dispatched telegram to Boers congratulating on defeat of British invaders without German assistance
Dollar Diplomacy
Taft's policy that if American business leaders supported Latin American development, everyone would benefit. US business would increase in trade and profit and Latin American countries would rise out of poverty and social disorder.
East India Company created a railway to connect more trade routes in India
Which Country gained most control over South Arica?
A country or territory with its own internal government but under control of an outside power.
British East India Company
Chartered organisation that maintained its economic monopoly with its own army and it eventually conquered all of India
White Man's Burden
responsibility of the West to introduce to the Third World the advantages of their society
Philippine Insurrection
Seceret orders for Roosevelt to block all ships leaving the asiatic coast if war is declared
Indian Rebellion
Pontiac and the natives fought against the British and they proved to be equal contenders however in the end lost to the British but proved to everyone that people could defeat the British and have an equal chance
H.M. Stanley
Sent to find Livingstone; published a book about it that inspired colonial exploration into the area.
Teddy Roosevelt offered to mediate this conflict. In Sept of 1905, Japanese got lease to Liaotung Penninsular. Northern Manchuria stayed Russian Sphere of Influence. Japanese established dominance in Southern Manchuria. Russia ceded to Japan the southern half of Sakhalin Island. Korea was now open to Japanese penetration. Japan annexed Korea in 1910 and kept it until end of WW II.
Ten Years' War
The first Cuban Revolution lasting from 1868 - 1878 in a war for independence from Spain. The USS Vinginius is captured and 8 Americans are killed, leading to Spain paying reparations.
Dreyfus Affair
Incident in France where a Jewish captain was tried for treason because the military was anti-Semitic, and it divided the country
platt amendment
the agreement with Cuba giving the country strict regulations that the country had to follow
Opium Wars
Britain trying to occupy parts of asian such as china and hong kong
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
indian national congress
group formed by Hindu nationalist leaders of India in the late 1800's to gain greater democracy and eventual self-rule
Sphere of Influence
Areas where foreign nations claimed special rights and economic privileges.
Scrample for Africa
During the New Imperialism where European nations took over Africa and used them to advance their nation economicly, politcally, etc.
Examples of Old Imperialism
Age of Discovery
Napoleon in Egypt
Rome over Carthage
Alexander the Great in India
Geghis Khan in China
Sepoy Mutiny
In 1857, rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India.
Meiji Restoration
the return of the political power of the emperor provided by patriotic samurai
Treaty of Nanking
Unjust treaty that ended the first Opium war. Britain gained Hong Kong, and many other influences including the opening of trading ports; while China didn't get anything.
Spheres of influence
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
Admiral Dewey
was an admiral of the United States Navy, best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War.
the boxer rebellion
the boxers (the society of righteous fists) attacked the foreign embassies because of the open door note. a 2nd open door note was then written that claimed equal trade with China. After this america become dependent on exports.
Berlin Conference 1884-1885
meeting of european leaders to divide up Africa (to avoid war); the "Great Scramble" (Otto von Bismarck)
Copper and Ivory
Resources that were found in Eastern Africa
General Valeriano Weyler
Spanish general who was violent and nicknamed "the butcher"
Berlin Conference 1884-85
no imperial power could claim a territory in Africa uless it controlled that territory, slavery was terminated, prevent international conflicts between Eurpeans over the issue of imperialism
"White Man's Burden"
the white people's belief that they need to help the "inferior races" because they were lucky to be born white and privelaged
the right to live under their own laws and be tried in their own courts
Sino-Japanese War
A War between China and Japan in which Japan gained Taiwan. This war showed the weaknesses of the Qing dynasty.
Foraker Act
This act set up a new government in Puerto Rico.
Russo-Japanese War
A conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea.
The Great Trek
In 1815 Holland had ceded Cape Colony to Britain(in compensation, Holland got Belgium). Dutch settlers resented Brits. Brits abolished negro slavery and brought in Brit immigrants. In 1830s Boers (Dutch farmers) left on GREAT TREK and moved from coastal territory where Brits now establishing themselves to territory further inland - a Northward migration. They founded two republics - the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Boers built railroad through Mozambique in order to avoid contact with Brit Cape Colony. BUT, the discovery of gold in 1880s attracted Brit fortune seekers.
Scramble for Africa
Sudden wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in the 1880s and 1890s. Britain obtained most of eastern Africa, France most of northwestern Africa. Other countries (Germany, Belgium, Portugal, Italy, and Spain) acquired lesser amounts.
"Sewards Folly"
the land of Alaska as a barren land of icy mountains and frozen fish
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
"Chronic wrongdoing by any America republic will compel the US to exercise their police power to restore order."
Niccoo + Maffeo Polo
1st euro. peeps in chinatheir route = silk road
"You furnish the photographs, I'll furnish the war."
this means that if the person supplied the picture of the Maine then the reporter would write that there was a war now going on between America and Spain
1. What was the “Great White Fleet” and what did it demonstrate?
9. The great white fleet was in 1907 Roosevelt had 16 new battleships painted white, and he sends them on a world cruise. Japan was so strong because they defeated Russia’s navy. While near Japan we do a big training exercise to demonstrate to Japan and the world that the United States was now a naval power to be reckoned with. (Alfred Mann would have been proud)
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