Ancient Rome 11 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Disciple
Followers.
gladiator
professional fighters
Nazareth
Jesus' hometown
Christ
founder of Christianity
legions
a roman soldier
Scutum
Curved Wooden Shield
Tiber River
River in Italy
Octavian
strengthened roman government, beutified the city of rome and brought peace to rome after many years of civil war (Pax Romana)
Territory
large areas of land
Gospels
described Jesus's whole life
Corruption
The decay of people's values.
Who was Rome's first emperor?
Augustus
Coriolanus
Gnaeus Marcius Coriolanus
Hated the plebs. advised senate to withhold grain from plebs to force them to give up tribunite. Went to trial for tyranny. Exiled to Volsci, lead Volsci against rome
column
(architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure
patricians
Powerful landowners who controlled Roman government and society
acid rain
water mixed with gases
council
group formed by peasants, craftspeople, and traders
Dictator
An ancient Roman magistrate appointed temporarily, six months, to deal with an immediate crisis or emergency.
sulla
Roman general and dictator (138-78 BC)
Pope
leader of the Roman Catholic Church
Augustus
Powerful and popular Roman ruler; religious and family-oriented man; lived a simple life; loved coarse bread and sardines
Hannibal
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
Adopted by Nerva (previous emperor); One of the "Good Emperors"; Professional soldier from Spain; 1st non-Italian emperor; Brought Rome to it's height in size (about size of US)
Trajan
triumivirate
3 men ruled together julius ceaser,cassus and pompay
True or False?
Hannibal lost the second punic war at Zama, near Carthage
True
Pleblian
A commmon farmer, trader, or craftworker in Ancient Rome.
Jupiter
(Roman mythology) supreme god of Romans
Mosaics
Designs made with pieces of colored stone or glass
the Latins
The Latins overthrew the Etruscans, and their center was the city of rome in the central plain of Latium.
consul
People in the ancient Roman Republic elected to lead the government.
Parthenon
Ancient Roman temple to honor the Roman gods
villa
a large country estate; an important source of food for ancient Rome
Marcus Aurelius
lowered taxes; helped the poor; founded schools, orphanages and hospitals
Romance Language
Languages that derive from Latin. (Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, and Romanian
Twelve Tables
Twelve laws written on bronze tablets
Marcus Brutus
Leading senator: Caesar's best friend; assassinated Caesar
plebeians
the poorer majority of the roman empire; the working class; couldnt be part of government; could vote but not hold office; couldnt be in army
What material allowed the Romans to build on a much bigger scale than the Greeks?
Concrete
Constantine
Emperor who allowed Romans to practice any religion they chose and encouraged the spread of Christianity.
patrician
member of a wealthy , upper-class family in the Ancient Roman Repulbic
Tribune
in ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights
Etruscans
Beginning in the 700s BCE,first rulers of Roman Republic and Empire; Laid the foundation for Rome and Roman civilization
Equestrians
the wealthier members of the plebeian class who were involved in business or tax collecting.
Scipio
Roman general who defeated Hannibal in the Battle of Zama outside Carthage, North Africa
Laws
A rule of conduct or procedure established by custom, agreement, or authority.
roman assembly
The Roman Assemblies were institutions in ancient Rome. They functioned as the machinery of the Roman legislative branch, and thus (theoretically at least) passed all legislation.
Edict of Prices
Diocletian was made this-froze wages and set maximum prices for goods
Spartacus
a gladiator that led slaves in a rebellion
Modeling
Contrast of light and dark to make shadow, which creates depth
What culture region had Rome gained by 264 bc?
Italy
legion
A military unit of the ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback.
Roman Empire
an empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire
What was the crow?
A bridge connecting 2 boats
Virgil
a Roman poet-author of the epic poem 'Aeneid' (70-19 BC)
tyrrhenian sea
Sea along the western coast of Italy
Pax Romana
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
one of the most famous early roman dictators
Cincinnatus
roman vs. greek art
greeks= perfection, ideal rome= realistic, practical
romans emphisized grandeur and building mightly monuments
what characterized roman architecture
crucifixion
a form of capital punishment by which a person was tied or nailed to a cross; the death of Jesus on the cross
civil war
war between groups within the same country
pompey or pompeii
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered (106-48 BC)also was a port city in southern england on the english channel
Representatives
people who are elected by citizens to speak or act for them
cohort
the riot police of Ancient Rome, also pressed into use as a military unit.
Peter
A.D. 5-67 One of the 12 apostles of Jesus; Roman Catholics consider him to be the first pope, bishop of Rome
Plebian
Noun: A member of the common people in Ancient Rome
A major contribution of Rome
Record keeping for legal decisions.
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
The Punic Wars
A long struggle between Rome and Carthage that included three wars. In the end, the Romans set foot on Carthage and won.
Gospel
a doctrine that is believed to be of great importance
The Twelve Tablets
created after the Struggle of Orders to give Plebeians more rights
The Roman Republic
After removing their King, the Romans created the first Republic. The motto of this new government explains how it was run: SPQR- 'The Senate and People of Rome'.
Who was Augustus?
First Roman emperor who unified the empire and est
What was the name of the tribe that lived south of the Tiber River and built settlements on the surrounding hills?
The Latins
Romulus Augustus
He was the last emperor of Rome. He was a young boy, who surrendered the crown of Rome to Odoacer. He was 14 years old, had been put on the throne by his father, who used to work for Attila the Hun as a soldier. He ruled for about 10 months and then surrendered to Odoacer. He was put under house arrest in an imperial estate in Naples
Term
A period of time a person serves in a government office.
Conflicts between plebeians and patricians were a reason that
Roman generals raised armies and fought for power.
what reforms did the emperor diocletian make?
restored stability & order, broke empire into 4 parts, restored prestige of emperor, last roman emperor to prosecute christians
Philip V of Macedon
- the Romans declared war on his kingdom and defeated them, they then confined Philip to Macedonia and required him to pay indemnity, surrender most of his troops and provide a number of hostages, including his son
Roman law (Imperial Rule of Law)
- Twelve tables: were modified and extended when needed
- laws unified the empire
- any foreigners that came to Rome had the same rights as citizens
- these laws were the foundation for many other countries
What problems helped weaken the Roman empire in the 200s and 300s?
The last of the good emperors died, Rome was left without a strong leader. The eventual result was a series of civil wars. There was an increasing threat of invasion by tribal peoples along both the eastern and western frontiers. To meet this growing threat, emperors increased the size of Rome's army. Soon the the growing demands on both the empire's financial resources and its military caused a serious and prolonged economic crisis. This crisis lessened the stability and prosperity Rome enjoyed during the Pax Romana. As the crisis continued, the empire became a kind of military dictatorship. The legions had become the center of power, as they deposed emperors and elevated their own leaders to the throne. Twenty emperors ruled between 235 and 284; all but one died violently. The insecurity of all the civil wars and invasions affected many aspects of Roman life. Robbery and piracy increased, and travel became hazardous. Merchants feared to ship goods. Military needs required ever-increasing amounts of revenue, and to collect more money, emperors raised taxes. As taxes rose, however, the value of money declined. Since Rome was no longer expanding, conquests no longer brought in new sources of wealth. To maintain the money supply, emperors minted new coins with copper and lead as well as silver. When people realized coins contained less silver, they refused to accept the currency at its face value. The result was inflation, or a dramatic rise in prices.
Why did Rome want Julius Caeser as a dictator?
He could stop them from a civil war
/ 82
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online