Ancient Rome 12 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Trajan
...
auction
sold off
paul
spread christianity
Alps
Italy's north border
romulus
founder of rome
Hispania
Modern day Spain
Triumvirate
group of 3 leaders
Entertainment
colosseum and circus maximus
476 ad
fall of rome
census
count of country's people
Latin
The language of the Romans.
senator
a member of a senate
Hannibal
Carthaginian military commander who, in the Second Punic War, attempted a surprise attack on Rome, crossing the Alps with a large group of soldiers, horses, and elephants.
Monotheism
The belief in one god.
province
a unit of an empire
dictators
rulers with almost absolute power
Julius Caesar before his rule
senator,army commander,consul
arch
curved structure that supports weight over an open space
diocletian
Roman Emperor (284-305); the last systematic persecution of Christians took place towards the end of Diocletian's reign
England
the kingdom of alfread the great
empire
an area ruled by an emperor
tribunes
Assembly elected 10 officials called tribunes. Very powerful. Could veto.
Officers elected by plebians to protect lives/property and right to veto legislative proposal of senate. Military Tribunes were senior officers elected by the people. Authority rose in fifth century but was lost under Agustus.
Tribune
veto
i forbid to deny a law
Forum
marketplace and the heart of Rome
Carthage
City located in present-day Tunisia, founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. It became a major commercial center and naval power in the western Mediterranean until defeated by Rome in the third century B.C.E. (p. 107)
Gladiator
A roman athelete, usually aslave, criminal, or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for entertainment of the public
Circus
performance given by a traveling company of acrobats clowns and trained animals
Legion
An army division of 3-6 thousand men
martyr
one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion
Aqueduct
designed to bring water into cities and towns (arches)
Constantine
emperor who made Christianity equal to all other religions
colors
(Fill in Blanks) Teams are usually indicated by ______ in the chariot races
republic
a government in which citizens who have the right to vote select their leaders
Dictator
A supreme commander; usually the chief or official under a state of emergency and military law
patricians
the wealthy class in Roman society; landowners, members of noble families
Herders and farmers who lived in settlements of huts on the tops of Rome' hills, and lived in the region of Latium
Latins
Julius Caesar
Roman general who disobeyed senate, appointed himself dictator, and was killed by fellow senators.
epistle
letters written by the disciples like Paul to Christian groups
Diocletain
a strong willed army leader became emperor in 284 ad restored order in the empire and increased its strength east half of the empire he divided the empire set fixed prices on goods to control inflation ordered farmers to remain on their lands and other workers to stay in their jobs he claimed decent from the roman gods hired german mercenaries saw christians as a threat and passed decrees to persecute them
plebeians
the poorer majority of the roman empire; the working class; couldn't be part of government; could vote but not hold office; couldn't be in army
Deities
gods and goddesses worshipped by the Romans.
judea
the land in e medditeranean region populated by jews at the time of the roman empire
Zama
Site in northern Africa where the Roman armuy defeated the Carthagian army in 202 B.C.
Tribune
In ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebeians to protect their rights.
Power of "veto" and speaks for the poor, lower classes
denarii
In the Roman currency system, the denarius (plural: denarii) was a small silver coin first minted in 211 BC.
Theodosius
willed upon his death that the eastern and western parts should be seperate empires- Eastern and Western, made Christianity the official religion of Roman Empire
Pax Romana
the period of stability and prosperity in the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 BC to AD 180 "Roman Peace".
ptolemy
said earth was the center of the universe, his theory was accepted for 1500 years.
Augustus Caesar
The first empreror of Rome, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, help Rome come into Pax Romana, or the Age of Roman Peace
What invention made Rome beat Carthage in a naval battle?
The crow
latins
An ancient people living in the region of Latium, Italy, who believed that they descended from Latinus, the father-in-law of Aeneas
pompeii
city that , Roman city near Naples, Italy, which was buried during an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79.
most famous roman dictator of ALL TIME
Julius Caesar
Punic wars
who: romans and carthaginians what: 3 wars between rome and carthage over control of sicily and mediterranean, rome successful where: rome, carthage when: 3rd cent BC why: rome mastered mediterranean and defeated major threat, led to more expansion, but led to downfall of the republic
livy
his history of rome sought to rouse patriotic feelings
Mars
(Roman mythology) Roman god of war and agriculture
Hadrian
supported the arts. Built a huge wall around the border and encouraged frontier peoples to enter the army. He gave up many of the areas that Trajan had acquired in Asia.
Byzantium
a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395
Gaul
ancient land with most of the present day countries of France and Belgium
roman senate
The Roman Senate was a political institution in ancient Rome. It was one of the most enduring institutions in Roman history, being founded in the first days of the city (traditionally founded in 753 BC).
Augustine
a schoalr born in North Africa - wrote a book called "confessions" where he describes how he convereted to Christinaity
Empire #2
Noun: A country or group of countries or territories ruled by an empire or empress
Rome's republic government
Two consuls elected for one year, Senate of 300 members, Twelve Tables (list of rules), all adult male landowners were citizens.
Roman Republic
The period from 507 to 31 B.C.E., during which Rome was largely governed by the aristocratic Roman Senate.
What was a public bath?
A popular place for recreation
Scipio Africanus
General of Rome in Punic Wars that decideds to attack Carthage
Bethlehem
A town in the West Bank south of Jerusalem. It is the traditional birthplace of Jesus.
The Roman Empire
After Augustus ended The Republic and became the first Emperor, Rome expanded to include most of Western Europe and the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.
Who was Julius Caesar?
Roman general who declared himself distator of Rom
Term
A period of time a person serves in a government office.
Galba
In order to keep the power, he got his head cut off and put on a stick. He was a failure as an emperor.
Italian Boot
N of Alps, located in the middle of the mediterranean sea
Two of the five "good emperors" were
Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius.
Tarquinius Superbus (the proud)
7th and final king of Rome. Tyrant. Temple of Jupiter(capitolinus), cloaca maxima, circus maximus completed. Left Rome with a feeling of hatred to kings
important events in Punic Wars
1st punic war: Rome defeats Carthage by using boarding bridges- rammed their ships into others, used bridges to get across the boats and fight
2nd Punic war: Hannibal defeats Romans with strong army, but he had no siege equipment, so couldn't invade Rome
- Hannibal was finally defeated by Scipio
3rd Punic war: Rome is successful, Carthage falls for good
What is a ballista?
It is like a catapult, but it fires arrows.
What was the Roman view toward science and engineering?
They were practical. They tried to apply the knowledge they gained from science to planning their cities, building water and sewage systems, and improving farming methods. (pg. 180)
what was the pax romana and what type of government did rome have during this time period?
a long era of peace (200 y), empire
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