Ancient Rome 18 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
assassinated
murdered
tribune potestas
????
caesar
Roman ruler
latin
roman origianl language
an ordinary citizen
plebeian
Messiah
Savior sent by God
Cleopatra
wife of mark anthony
Polytheism
believe in many gods
Toga
Type of Roman clothing.
Latins
2000-1000 B.C. many Indo-Europeans came and one was these people who came from Latium, defeated Estruscans
epistle
especially a long, formal letter
Plutarch
Greek biographer; wrote "Parallel Lives"; account was well-balanced; his work proved to be an invaluable source for later writers; William Shakespeare drew heavily on his biographies when writing "Julius Caesar" and "Antony and Cleopatra"
Crassus
General who defeated Spartacus. Crucified 6,600 slaves on the Alpennine way. He later served in the First Triumvirate.
Gospels
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
largest industry of Pompeii
making cloth
dictator
A ruler with absolute authority
West Church of Roman Empire
Roman Catholics
3rd period of expansion
146 BCE-44 BCE
Hannibal Barca
Carthaginian General who invaded northern Italy by bringing elephants over the Alps
Jesus
founder of Christianity; believed by his followers to be the Messiah
Martyr
Someone who dies for religous reasons
censors
took census and registered people according to their wealth
bishop
a clergyman having spiritual and administrative authority
Scipio
Roman general and politician who commanded the final destruction of Carthage (146) in the Third Punic War
Rome
The capital of the Roman Empire.
Pharsalus
the place where Caesar defeated Pompey
civic duty
responsibility to ensure the prosperity (growth) of the city
scapegoat
a person that takes blame for something he or she didnt do
first triumvirate
included Crassus, Pompey, and Caesar. Is a government by three people with equal power. Crassus was killed. Caesar became dictator
Iliad
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the siege of Troy
This man appointed himself dictator to remake the Republic, and then he retired.
Sulla
Forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law many people gathered to talk and be entertained
Consults
This part of the Roman Republic consisted of 2 people who served for 1 year terms. They had the ability to veto each other and they ran the government and the armies. They could also choose the dictator if the need arose.
Pantheon
tehmple where the G-ds and G-ddesses of Ancient Rome were worshipped.
proud
feel happy for someone who does something well
Titus
The second person in the Flavian dynasty.
Etruscans
the people from Etruria, north of Rome
Nero
this emperor began the first official campaign against Christians
plebeians
an ordinary working citizen in rome who had the right to vote but not to hold office.
consul
a diplomat appointed by a government to protect its commercial interests and help its citizens in a foreign country
extinct volcano
a volcano that will never erupt
Paul
followers of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world
Twelve Tables
The earliest written collection of Roman laws, dawn up by patricans in about 450 B.C. that became the foundation of the roman law.
Diocletian
Roman emperor who was faced with military problems, when that happend he decided to divide the empire between himself in the east and maximian in the west. he did the last persecution of the Christians
tribune
An official of the Roman Republic elected by plebians to protect their rights.
General of Carthage who marched his army from Spai
Hannibal
Patriarch
title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches
How did the woment live?
wealthy women were independent
veto
the power of one branch of government to reject bills or proposals passed by another branch of government
emperor
absolute ruler who rules over a vast amount of land and gains power by birth right
Panthenon
A large, domed temple built in ancient Rome to honor many gods and goddesses.
catacomb
an underground room used as a burial site
governor
a person who controls or manages the people of a certain area
Sulla
Rival of Marius, He marches on rome and takes control of the senate, he kills all who oppose him. Tries to reestablish senate as roman body of control. Is friends with pompey
plebeian
A member of the common people in ancient Rome
New Testament
the story of early Christianity and Jesus Christ
legend
A narrative handed down from the past, containing historical elements and usually supernatural elements
Patrician
A group of elite citizens in ancient Rome
Aqueduct
A system of bridges and canals that carry water
Republic
A type of government in which citizens who ave the right to vote select their leaders.
Apennine Mountais
A mountain rang on the Italian Pensula
Veni, vidi, vici
i came i saw i conquered
Plebiscita
part of the senate and counsul that represented plebes
britain
, a sovereign state in north western Europe Great Britain, the largest island in the British Isles
Octavian
A Roman general who won the civil war in Rome.
Edict of Milan
law that makes christianity is the official religion of the Empire
Pompey
he was in the first triumvirate; him & most of the Senates ran when Ceasar crossed that river; He went to Egypt for help!
praetors
the title given to a person who is responsible for the administration of justice
Torah
The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible- the most sacred writings in the Jewish tradition
Pope
the bishop of Rome, head of the Roman Catholic Church.
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Herculaneum
an ancient city in SW Italy, on the Bay of Naples: buried along with Pompeii by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in a.d. 79; partially excavated.
Consuls
one of two chief leaders in the roman republic
Germanic invasions of Empire
Mongol nomads, the Huns, attacked Germanic peoples on the northern borders of the empire, who in turn pushed into Roman lands and Rome itself.
These are people that played a major role in shapi
The Etruscans
cornelius scipio africanus
The roman general that won the battle of zama at the end of punic war #2.
"crossing the rubicon"
Julius took a risk by crossing the rubicon and ever since it has been known as taking a big risk
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
Third Punic war
Included the battle of Zama and was Rome vs. Carthage again. this time Rome won by attacking the Hanibal cavalry from both sides
cursus honorum
the path of honor, to move up a level in the political sense
What was mined for in Rome?
Gold, silver, marble, lead and tin.
What happened to Christians under the Emperor Diocletian?
He outlawed Christian services and put many believers to death.
General Marius, his men were called Marius's mules
Because of their training and that he used to inspect the soldiers mules.
One of the reasons Caesar was killed was because he
ruled for too long and ruled like a king.
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