Important Renaissance People Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Kepler
Math proof
Boccaccio
wrote Decameron
milton
wrote "paradise lost"
Sir Thomas More
Utopia book
Archimedes
Scientist, Mathematician, Inventor: Humanists admired him for being well rounded.
Pare
French surgeon, bandages and stitches
michelangelo
painter, sculptor, poet, architect, ceilings of sistine chapel
Titian
Greatest Renaissance painter in Venice, used vivid color and movement, which was the opposite of the subtle colors and static figures in Florentine paintings.
Machiavelli
ignore good vs. bad, help government
Sixtus IV
Pope that grotesquely overused nepotism
Charles VIII
(France) a 'vampire'; invaded Florence
Michavelli
studied government, wrote book "The Prince" guide of how to gain and keep power
Charles Borromeo
changed catholic ways for schools
Botticelli
Renaissance Architect who created the Santa Maria del Fiore (il duomo) aka cathedral of Florence
Giorgio Vasari
Coined the word Renaissance. Italian painter and art historian (1511-1574); wrote The Lives of the Artists. Massive patronage of the arts came from this and was lead by families like the Medici's and also the churches, who saw art as a means of glorifying God.
Brunelleschi
Florentine architect who was the first great architect of the Italian Renaissance (1377-1446)
Lorenzo Medici
Cosimo's grandson- huge supporter of the arts. Wasn't nice- known as a tyrant.
Sforza
(Milan) invited Charles of France to invade Florence; started the Italian Wars
Lorenzo Ghiberti
Baptistery's Bronze Doors, which took 50 years to complete, for the payment of 22,000 florins. It was made of all bronze and used perspective in each panel with scenes from the Bible. The artwork seemed to almost jump out of the picture.
John Calvin
introduced a strict form of Protestantism based on a single ideal: believe and practice only what is written in the Bible.
Erasmus
wanted to reform the church, made bible sasier to read
Albrecht Durer
Known as Leonardo, and was remembered for his engravings and his self portraits where he made himself look like Jesus.
Baldassare Castiglione
a writer during the renaissance. Wrote " The Book of the Courtier"
Richard III
(England) York King; defeated by the Tudors in the War of Roses
Lorenzo de Medici
Cosimo's grandson, called Lorenzo the Maginificent. Was also a great patron of the arts, supporting artists such as Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci
Shakespeare
Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, As you like it, Julius Ceasar
Louise Labé
Poet, Requested that women make their mark by writing. (1555 book)
martin luther
German monk whose posting of the ninety-five theses started the Protestant Reformation
Albrect Durer
known as the German Leonardo. Did self portraits and engravings. Made him self look like Christ
Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor of Spain wh tried to keep Europe religiously united
Jan Van Eyck
Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting. He also used unusually realistic details and revealed the personality of his subjects (1390-1441)
Christine de Pizan
She was highly educated; one of the first women to earn a living as a writer. Examined men's negative thoughts of women; wrote "The City of Ladies."
Federigo da Montefeltro
He became "the light of Italy" and the ideal Renaissance man, as skilled in letters as in arms.
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