Ancient Rome 20 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Gravitas
duty
legions
large groups
Greco-Roman civilization
...
Sulla
Ancient Rome Leader
Who are praetors?
Judges
Parable
a short story
Brutus and Cassius
Caesar's assassins
Industry
Businesses, trade, and factories
Clientela
Patronage: asymmetrical relationship over time b/w someone of higher status or power and someone of lower status or power. Ongoing, long term exchange of favors.
• The higher status patron could provide material or legal support for his client.
• The client could provide a vote. Help with business transactions. Be part of the patrons entourage. Importance determined by size of entourage.
plebeian
a farmer,worker,merchant, or craftworker;came after the patricians did
Veto
An authoritative prohibition or rejection of a proposed or intended act.
Legend Of Romulus and Remus.
...
honoring
to praise someone or something
Arch
(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it
Latifundia
Large estates in ancient Rome.
Alps
Europe's highest mountains, extending in an arc from the Mediterreaen coast to the Balkan peninsula
plebeians
farmers, merchants, soldiers, and craftworkers - the lower class
Laws
rules of conduct enforced by government
Jesus
founder of Christianity; believed by his followers to be the Messiah
patrician
landowners who were Rome's ruling class
Heresy
an opinion different from accepted belief
Constantinople
Capital if the east Roman empire
constantine
granted toleration to christians and established new capitol at the old city of byzantium, which he renamed constantinople.
Nero
First Roman Emperor to persecute Christians
Representative
one elected to represent the people
Republic
Government in which citizens elect leaders to rule
Etruscans
Tribe of people that successfully invaded early Rome but were driven out.
Claudius
had physical defects, but was extremely intelligent; added britain to provinces; married agrippina the younger who wanted son nero to become his successor; suspected that he was killed by agrippina by a poisonous mushroom
the Second Triumverate
Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus
Cam Mesinger
The devoted fan-girl to Miss Di-Shizzle who stalks famous celebrities.
Dido of Carthage
Founderand 1st queen of carthage
Gladiator
a Roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war, who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the public
When did the Pax Romana end?
180 AD
Senatus Populusque Romanus
What does SPQR stand for?
allowed slaves freemen and former slave sinto government which made a stable government,built romes first library, ordered a census which stopped corrupt tax collectors from collecting extra money,had army pledge loyalty to him,established natural borders
octavians accomplishments
Gaul
An ancient reigion and Roman province that includedmost of present-day France.
Diocletion
Triple new economic refoms split Rome east/west
The Gracci
Who: brothers and tribunes, reformers what: sought reform and help for poor, Tiberius wanted to distribute land to poor and Gaius wanted to weaken senate both met violent deaths where: rome when: 2nd cent BC why: civil war followed their days, increased turmoil and downfall of republic
Colosseum
huge stadium in Ancient Rome; held 45,000 spectators
Cuniculus
an irrigation system invented by the Etruscans
Dictator
Single ruler elected for six months because of emergency
Martyr
Someone who dies willingly for their faith.
Hannibal
general of Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in the Second Punic War
plebian
the hereditary lower class of early Republican Rome
Carthage
city that went to war with Rome
Counsul
could act like a temporary president or leader (when king Tarquinius died). could also be dictator for 6 months in state of military crisis. had a one year term
letters from paul to christians in distant communities
epistles
where were the 12 tables posted
in the Forum
consuls
2 officials who command the army + direct the government/ 1 year terms 10 years in between terms
Tiberius
Augustus 2 sons died early so he became emperor in 54 AD lived modestly and solderly, forced to adopt Germanicus by Augustus and suspect in his death, goes off to Capri and leaves govt in hands or Praetorian guard
Punic Wars
more than 120 years of fighting between Rome and Carthage
dome
a ropof that is shaped like an inverted bowl used in temples like the pantheon
twelve tables
collection of laws on 12 wooden tablets or tables
Battle of Actium
marc Antony and Octavian. octavian won.
consul
One of two chief officials who held office in the ancient Roman Republic
Gladiators
Most were slaves or criminals and were made to fight in an arena.
julius ceaser
assinated b/c they thought he would get too much power
Augustus Caesar
1. grandnephew and adopted son of Julius Caesar 2. part of a triumverate 3. emperor from 27BC-14AD 4. lead Rome intp Pax Romana 5. established professional civil servicr and professional army 6. instituted first census for tax purposes 7. got better goveners for frontier
Gospels
The first four books of the New Testament that describes Jesus' life and actions
marius vs. sulla
generals before caesar who wanted power. Marius established pay for soldiers. reason for loyalty problems.
alps mountains
the mountain range located to the north of italy
Christianity
The religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ
disciple
A disciple is a follower and student of a mentor, teacher, or other wise figure
Circus Maximus
A large oval arena used for chariot racing
Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
Members of the first triumvirate.
patricians
A group of people who made up the ruling class of Rome
Mark Antony
a general. He was Caesar's ally and assistant. He also took the east and Egypt.
domes
the Romans built rock lyers to let in sun light and moon light
Punic War 3
Romans manipulate Carthage into war by making outrageous demands
Rome wins and completely destroys Carthage
Pax Romana
Roman peace; a time of prosperity and quiet
romulus
the founder of Rome, in 753 b.c., and its first king: a son of Mars and Rhea Silvia, he and his twin brother
Attila the Hun
405-453, was the Emperor of the Huns from 434 until his death in 453. He was leader of the Hunnic Empire which stretched from Germany to the Ural River and from the River Danube to the Baltic Sea
Battle of Cannae
Worst Roman defeat in Punic wars-- 2nd Punic War; 216; Hannibal kills them all; As a result, Rome loses a lot of allies and NOBODY wants to fight Hannibal for 10 years
After the death of Juilius Ceasar, what two people claimed his throne?
Mark Atony and Octavian
What are things that start in the middle of things?
In Medias Res
why did no one want to sack rome?
because of the allegiance
The amount of freedom a woman in anceint Rome enjoyed depended on what?
Her husband's wealth and status.
Which of the following occurred after Augustus gained power?
People were grateful for peace and prosperity and gave him power
bath sweat dirt sweating caldarium hot sweat tepidarium warm frigidarium cold
(Fill in Blanks) Many people in Rome take a Roman _____. First they enter a hot room where they would _____ a lot and get the _____ out of their skin by _______. Then they would go into the _____ , which was very ___ and this was the place where they cleaned their ____ off. Next they would go to the ______, a _____ pool filled with people so you can chat with others and socialize. Finally you would go to the _______, a very ____ bath.
What was the make up of the Roman Republic?
Two consuls rule - 1 pleb and 1 partrician, followed by the Senate, followed by the Assembly.
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