India Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
nirvana means
lasting peace
reincarnation means
rebirth of the soul
citadel
a fortress in a city
reincarnation
rebirth of soul in another body
dharma
in Hinduism, the duties and obligations of each caste
Middle Way
Buddhism belief to treat people fairly
Vedas
religious books that tell us the Ayrans were farmers and warriors
migrate
to move from one place to another
Chandragupta
the founder of the Maurya Empire. Chandragupta succeeded in bringing together most of the Indian subcontinent. As a result, Chandragupta is considered the first unifier of India and the first genuine emperor of India.
Siddhartha Gautama
A Hindu prince that created Buddhism by traveling
caste
social class a person belongs to by birth
Hinduism
A religion of India that grew from ancient Aryan people.
Karma
The end result that determines his or her rank at rebirth.
Chandragupta Maurya
He knew how to take an advantage
Varanasi
the holiest city of Hinduism that is found on the Ganges River
missionary
a person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
subcontinent
large land mass that is part of a continent but is considered a seperate land mass
#4 Noble Truth
TO stop wanting things people should follow eight basic laws.
ahimsa
nonviolence
Citade
a forterice
Buddhist missionaries
spread religious beliefs
Pataliputra
capital of the Maurya dynasty
What is dharma?
one's personal duty
meditate
to think deeply about sacred things
Colonial Impact: Benefits
infrastructure (rails, ports, irrigation)Urban (Bombay, Calcutta, Madras)EducationModern MedicineSuppression of barbarous traditions
Hadith
The narrations originating from the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Mohammad. It is an important tool for understanding the Qur'an. Shiite and Sunnis have different sets of HAdith collection.
Timur/Tamerlane
descendant of the Chagatai Mongols and ancestor of the
Mughals, who sacked Dehli in 1398
cenotaph
A funerary monument not containing the body of the dead. Example: At Taj Mahal - the Mumtaz Mahal's centotaph with white marble inlaid with colored stones, the pietra dura work surpassing quality of anywhere in the world.
Jaipur
pink buildings to impress Prince of Wales in 1876
Bhakti
An active involvmenet by the devotee in divine worship. Represented in terms of the human relationship held: lover, friend, parent-child, and master-servant.
1905 - 1910
Lord Minto's time in office
mandala
a magical circle or set of concentric circles
monsoon
a wind system affecting the climate of India and sout Asia
Harappan
one of the first civilizations on the Indian subcontinent
True of false
India is one of the poorest countries in the world
True
the specialized reed organ that can substitute for a tambura
Sruti Box
caste system
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation, but also and his/her position in society
avatar
a hindu gos or goddess in humen or animal form
pair of drums, one with a metal body, the other wooden, played with the fingers and palms
Tabla
India's Textile Techniques:

Ikat
Similar to tie-dyeing - the yarn is treated or tied to resist dyeing before the cloth is woven. A planned pattern can emerge as the weaving proceeds. Edges are slightly blurred, believed to have originated in India
INDIA’S colors - symbolism:
- Red or white – color of Brahman class
- Green – color of merchants and traders
- Yellow – color of the religious and ascetic
- Blue – color of the low caste
- White – color of purity and mourning
- Saffron yellow – the clor of spring and youth
- Red – color of early marriage and love.
What is the caste system?
applied to every member of India it placed people in particular varnas based on their occupation; hereditary
What effects do the monsoon rains have on crops
Monsoon rains often couse flooding which is then hard for even the rice to grow
So others can see it. Asokas laws and advice were....
carved on pillars of stone 30-40 feet high
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