Indian Art Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Bhakti
devotion
Pradakshina
Circumambulatory path
Nandi
Shiva's vehicle
Darwaza
ceremonial gateway
Mahabharata
Great Sanskrit epic
Angkor Wat
Hindu architecture
vidya Dehejia
chola bronzes article
Agni
God of the Fire
Varaha
boar incarnation of Vishnu
Radha
favorite gopi of Krishna
stupa
mound-like structure that enshrines the relics of the Buddha or of other important Buddhist figures
Somaskanda
850-1279 CE, bronze, Chola Period
Puja
worship of a Hindu god
Sanchi, Mahastupa, Stupa no 1
Sandstone carving,
1st cen BCE
central India
Architrave showing the Great Departure of the Buddha
East Gateway
satavahana dynasty
...
Mount Kailasa
Himalaya Mountain's peak considered the abode of God Shiva
Five Rathas
Mamallapuram, 600-630 CE, granite, Pallava
Qutb Mosque
Delhi, 1192-1316, sandstone, marble and spolia
Darshan
viewing the image of a god
Shivalinga
unmanifest representation of Shiva as a phallic symbol or linga
Ravana
ten-headed and twenty-armed demon of the Ramayana
Shiva as Nataraja, Lord of the Dance
Raja Raja Chola Period
1010 AD
Bronze
Great Temple in Tanjore,-southern India
presents Siva as lord of the cosmic dance of creation and destruction.Surrounding Siva, a circle of flames represents the universe, whose f
Jataka
Tales concerning the previous lives of the Buddha
Rajarajeshvara Temple
Tanjavur, 1010 CE, granite, Chola Period
Garbha-griha
womb house, sanctum of a Hindu temple
Bodhisattva
a Buddhist deity who refrains from entering nirvana to help others
Shahnama
Persian literary work written by the poet Firdawsi
Shaivism or Shaiva tradition
cults related to god Shiva
Bodhisattva Padmapansi
Cave 1, Ajanta, 462-500 CE, natural pigments on plaster, Vakataka
Bodhi tree
tree under which the Buddha attained the enlightenment
predella
a lower base beneath statues of Buddha which can include donar figures or a scene from the life of the buddha
Kalasha
finial on a Hindu temple roof or gopuram
The Bodhi Tree
East Torana, Great Stupa at Sanchi, 50-25 CE, stone, Mauryan Period
Brahmi script
early script of India used also by Ashoka in his edicts
Char bagh
A garden divided into four parts by four water channels. The char bagh is used in Mughal funerary architecture to evoke the idea of paradise
Plan of the Qutb Mosque
Qutb Mosque, Delhi, 1198-1316 CE, Delhi Sultanate
Cave 26 Chaitya interior
Cave 26, Ajanta, 462-500 CE, rock cut, Vakataka
Bodhi
enlightenment
Arya
noble one
Cenotaph
empty tomb
ebba koch
taj mahal
Samsara
cycle of rebirth
Samgha
Buddhist monastic community
Jarokha
decorative projecting balcony
Abhaya mudra
"fear not" mudra
Surya
God of the Sun
Mandapa
pavilion of Hindu temple
Ellora, -West India
Kannada empire
8th cen AD
Ravana shaking Mount Kailasha
rock
Shaivism
cults related to god Shiva
Wheel
a symbol of Buddha's law
Garuda
Mount or vehicle of Vishnu
Dharmachakra
wheel (chakra) of Buddhist law (dharma)
Linga Shrine
Elephanta, 550-575 CE, granite, Kalachuri Dynasty
Ushnisha
knot of hair or cranial bump
Gopuram
monumental gatehouse of South Indian temples
Urna
curl of hair resting between his eyebrows
Pashupati
"Lord of Cattle," epithet of God Shiva
Scorpion Bearing Woman
Kandariya Mahadeva, Khajuraho, 1030 CE, sandstone, Chandella
Yashi
Great Stupa at Sanchi, 50-25 BCE, stone, Mauryan Period
Veda
Sanskrit religious texts of the Vedic religion
Diwan-i-Khass
Private audience Hall of a Mughal Palace
Shiva Gangadhara
Shiva facilitating the descent to the earth of the heavenly Ganges
Woman Holding a Mirror
Kandariya Mahadeva, Khajuraho, 1030 CE, sandstone, Chandella
Mudra
a symbolic hand gesture in Hindu and Buddhist art
Mihrab
niche in the qibla wall that indicates the direction of Mecca towards which Muslim must face during prayer
Great Departure
East Torana at the Great Stupa at Sanchi, 50-25 BCE, stone, Mauryan Period
Torana
a gateway near a stupa that has two upright posts and three horizontal lintels
Death of the Buddha
Gandhara, 1st-3rd C CE, grey schist, Kushan Period
Buddha's First Sermon at Sarnath
Gandhara, 1st-3rd C CE, grey schist, Kushan Period
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